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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (01) ◽  
pp. 285-307
Emanuel Bezerra de Oliveira ◽  
Nathália de Sousa Pereira ◽  
Lia Chagas de Lima ◽  
Danielle Miranda de Oliveira Arruda Gomes ◽  

This research proposes to understand the relationship between the self-exposure of physical exercise practitioners on social media communication and consumption. To this end, we sought to identify the motivations for selfexposure of physical exercise practitioners on social media; identify the types of products consumed that are related to self-exposure on social media and verify the influence between self-exposure of physical exercise practitioners on social media and consumption. Qualitative research was applied, aided by semistructured interviews and by the projective autodriving technique. Twelve men who practice physical exercises in gyms were interviewed. Three categories emerged from the results: exhibitionism, encouraging healthy living and personal fulfillment as antecedents for the self-exposure of physical activity practitioners on social media, and the consumption of food, electronic, sports clothing, applications, and software products was identified, as a way to help the best image that will be exposed. Through the development of a framework, it was found that the self-exposure of the image influences both self-consumption and the consumption of followers. In addition, the concept of conspicuous consumption was broadened by relating the exposure of the conquest of the fitness body as an acquired good that provides social status.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 78-88
E. S. Shugrina

The subject of the research are the materials of judicial practice (texts of court decisions and information sources, the content of information about the results of court hearings), data from sociological surveys.The purpose of the article is to identify the relationship between the knowledge of municipal law, local self-government or urbanism obtained during training at a university and subsequent professional activities related to local self-government carried out at different levels of public authority.The methodology. A comprehensive methodology was used, including legal and sociological research methods. Formal legal, legal technical and comparative legal were used among the legal methods. The sociological methods include the method of expert survey and the method of content analysis, which makes it possible to reveal the real position of the respondent, if he wants to disguise it not only the positions expressed, but also the words actually used were analyzed. The most repeatable ones were identified with the help of special software products.The main results, scope of application. Quite significant amendments were made to the Russian Constitution in 2020. One of the novels concerns a unified system of public power, the inclusion of a new term in the text of the constitution. The implementation of these novels in the legislation on local self-government is expected after the completion of the formation of the updated composition of the Federal Assembly. For this, it is necessary not only to reveal the term itself and list the levels of public authority, but also to establish new principles of their relationship, incl. in a sense, uniform standards, rules and requirements for state and local authorities. One of the possible consequences of this may be an increase in the prestige of work in local self-government bodies, a change in attitudes towards work in local self-government bodies.Conclusions. The analysis of the materials of law enforcement practice, the data of opinion polls on trust in local self-government bodies, attitude to the results of the work of local self-government bodies and their officials show that of all levels of government the municipal level is least trusted. Unfortunately, such an attitude begins to form in the process of training future employees of public authorities at different levels.

2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
Elizabeth Bjarnason ◽  
Baldvin Gislason Bern ◽  
Linda Svedberg

AbstractLarge-scale software engineering is a collaborative effort where teams need to communicate to develop software products. Managers face the challenge of how to organise work to facilitate necessary communication between teams and individuals. This includes a range of decisions from distributing work over teams located in multiple buildings and sites, through work processes and tools for coordinating work, to softer issues including ensuring well-functioning teams. In this case study, we focus on inter-team communication by considering geographical, cognitive and psychological distances between teams, and factors and strategies that can affect this communication. Data was collected for ten test teams within a large development organisation, in two main phases: (1) measuring cognitive and psychological distance between teams using interactive posters, and (2) five focus group sessions where the obtained distance measurements were discussed. We present ten factors and five strategies, and how these relate to inter-team communication. We see three types of arenas that facilitate inter-team communication, namely physical, virtual and organisational arenas. Our findings can support managers in assessing and improving communication within large development organisations. In addition, the findings can provide insights into factors that may explain the challenges of scaling development organisations, in particular agile organisations that place a large emphasis on direct communication over written documentation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 258 (1) ◽  
pp. 10
Janice C. Lee ◽  
Bradley C. Whitmore ◽  
David A. Thilker ◽  
Sinan Deger ◽  
Kirsten L. Larson ◽  

Abstract The PHANGS program is building the first data set to enable the multiphase, multiscale study of star formation across the nearby spiral galaxy population. This effort is enabled by large survey programs with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), MUSE on the Very Large Telescope, and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), with which we have obtained CO(2–1) imaging, optical spectroscopic mapping, and high-resolution UV–optical imaging, respectively. Here, we present PHANGS-HST, which has obtained NUV–U–B–V–I imaging of the disks of 38 spiral galaxies at distances of 4–23 Mpc, and parallel V- and I-band imaging of their halos, to provide a census of tens of thousands of compact star clusters and multiscale stellar associations. The combination of HST, ALMA, and VLT/MUSE observations will yield an unprecedented joint catalog of the observed and physical properties of ∼100,000 star clusters, associations, H ii regions, and molecular clouds. With these basic units of star formation, PHANGS will systematically chart the evolutionary cycling between gas and stars across a diversity of galactic environments found in nearby galaxies. We discuss the design of the PHANGS-HST survey and provide an overview of the HST data processing pipeline and first results. We highlight new methods for selecting star cluster candidates, morphological classification of candidates with convolutional neural networks, and identification of stellar associations over a range of physical scales with a watershed algorithm. We describe the cross-observatory imaging, catalogs, and software products to be released. The PHANGS high-level science products will seed a broad range of investigations, in particular, the study of embedded stellar populations and dust with the James Webb Space Telescope, for which a PHANGS Cycle 1 Treasury program to obtain eight-band 2–21 μm imaging has been approved.

2022 ◽  
pp. 109-134
Fernando Almeida ◽  
Nuno Bernardo ◽  
Rúben Lacerda

There is a huge proliferation of digital products on the market today for both large enterprises and small businesses. Most of these companies have experienced the development of software products for the mobile market and have been faced with the major challenge of capturing the customer's attention. There is a great focus on making a great first impact and providing the audience with the best possible digital experience. Accordingly, issues related to usability, accessibility, and user experience are extremely relevant. This chapter addresses how these practices can be used in practice by building an app that offers car cleaning services. Several approaches based on building app interfaces that increase user engagement and retention levels are explored and discussed.

2022 ◽  
pp. 491-507
Saikat Gochhait ◽  
Shariq Aziz Butt ◽  
Tauseef Jamal ◽  
Arshad Ali

The software industries follow some patterns (i.e., process model to develop any software product). Agile methodology is the most famous and used process model. It is a trend to develop efficient software products with high client satisfaction. In this chapter, the authors discuss agile methodology and its components, benefits, and drawbacks while using the cloud computing in agile software development, existing frameworks for agile-cloud combination, and some security measures.

2022 ◽  
pp. 111-133
Kenish Rajesh Halani ◽  
Kavita Jhajharia

Software engineering is used in order to develop larger and complex software products. As software product is needed in almost all the industries, software engineering becomes really important. Software development can be done through various software development life cycle (SDLC) models like waterfall model, agile model, spiral model, prototype model, etc. SDLC is a framework that defines the tasks that to be performed at each step in the development process. Authors are mainly focusing on two models (i.e., waterfall and agile model). Waterfall model is a serial model which follows a strict sequence. Agile methodology can be divided into scrum methodology and extreme programming. Scrum methodology mainly focuses on how to manage tasks in a team-based environment. Scrum consists of three main roles. They are scrum master, product owner, and scrum team. While comparing both the models, the main difference obtained is waterfall does not allow any customer involvement while agile does allow it.

2021 ◽  
Vol 34 (06) ◽  
pp. 1793-1799
Oleg Moskvichev ◽  
Svetlana Leonova

The article deals with the organization of high-quality interaction of various types of passenger transport in the transport- interchange hub. Urban and regional interchange hubs are being studied. A methodology based on the use of quantitative methods and implemented with the help of software products (the developed program "Effective transfers" and the well-known simulation modeling programs PTV Visum, AnyLogic) is suggested. This method is applicable for any city and includes 3 stages. At the first stage, the number of passengers in the transport-interchange hubs who transfer from one type of urban public transport to another is predicted; the direction of passenger traffic is determined; urban routes that require schedule approval are chosen. At the second stage, the number of passengers who use the considered transport-interchange hub to transfer from suburban, intercity transport to urban modes of transport is predicted. At the third stage, the schedule of all types of transport is coordinated; the need for rolling stock is determined; passenger traffic is modeled and studied at the hub in order to rationally organize the planning structure of the transport-interchange hub. The obtained scientific results can be used in the design of a system of transport and transfer hubs and planning the placement of transport and social facilities on the territory of the transport-interchange hub.

Volodymyr Serykov

The work is devoted to an overview of modern trends in the design, research and use of hydraulic machines in the drives of mechanisms and transmissions. The analysis of the use of hydromechanical transmissions has been carried out. The advantages and disadvantages of hydromechanical transmissions in comparison with mechanical ones are described. A brief overview of modern approaches to the design of new products, taking into account the existing information technologies, is carried out. We have analyzed modern software products designed to support the project at different stages of the product life cycle. It has been found that at the present time the appearance of individual variants of highly specialized software with a modern interface for synthesizing the structure of a designed product does not make it possible to solve the problems of synthesis and structural analysis of hydro-mechanical transmissions. A review of the analysis of operational factors affecting the fault tolerance and operating parameters of hydrostatic transmissions in general and hydromechanical transmission in particular is carried out. We have also considered the examples of technical solutions that allow to reduce the number of failures associated with the influence of one factor or another, as well as allow to reduce its influence on the parameters of the mechanism. The analysis of sources with information on the study of the parameters of hydrostatic transmissions using field tests or the mathematical apparatus developed by the authors is carried out. The ways of solving problems arising at the stages of design research are outlined. Keywords: design, hydrostatic transmission, hydromechanical transmission, influence of operational factors, synthesis

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