histone deacetylase 1
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 763-769
Liang Yu ◽  
Sheng Zhang ◽  
Wei He

microRNA-136 can inhibit the proliferating activity of malignant cells and also participate in chemotherapy resistance of colorectal cancer via modulating HDAC1. This study assessed miR-136’s effect on NSCLC cell proliferation and underlying mechanisms. Tumor tissues and paracancerous tissues from NSCLC patients were collected to measure miR-136 and HDAC1 level. Cells were transfected with miR-136-mimics, miR-136-inhibitors or miR-136 mimics+HDAC1-OE followed by analysis of cell viability and apoptosis by CCK-8 method and flow cytometry, phosphorylation of Jak2/STAT3 by western blot. miR-136 was significantly downregulated in tumor tissues and NSCLC cells, accompanied by upregulated HDAC1. miR-136 overexpression suppressed HDAC1 expression, retarded phosphorylation and activation of Jak2/STAT3 signaling, reduced NSCLC cell viability and enhanced apoptosis. In addition, co-transfection of miR-136-mimics and HDAC1-OE reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-136 on NSCLC cells. In conclusion, miR-136 is reduced and HDAC1 is increased in NSCLC and miR-136 overexpression inhibited NSCLC cell proliferation and increased apoptosis possibly through regulating HDAC1/Jak2/STAT3 signal pathway, indicating that miR-136 might be a novel target for the treatment of NSCLC.

Foods ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 194
Xin Fan ◽  
Huimin Guo ◽  
Cong Teng ◽  
Biao Zhang ◽  
Christophe Blecker ◽  

Quinoa peptides are the bioactive components obtained from quinoa protein digestion, which have been proved to possess various biological activities. However, there are few studies on the anticancer activity of quinoa peptides, and the mechanism has not been clarified. In this study, the novel quinoa peptides were obtained from quinoa protein hydrolysate and identified by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). The anticancer activity of these peptides was predicted by PeptideRanker and evaluated using an antiproliferative assay in colon cancer Caco-2 cells. Combined with the result of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) inhibitory activity assay, the highly anticancer activity peptides FHPFPR, NWFPLPR, and HYNPYFPG were screened and further investigated. Molecular docking was used to analyze the binding site between peptides and HDAC1, and results showed that three peptides were bound in the active pocket of HDAC1. Moreover, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and Western blot showed that the expression of HDAC1, NFκB, IL-6, IL-8, Bcl-2 was significantly decreased, whereas caspase3 expression showed a remarkable evaluation. In conclusion, quinoa peptides may have the potential to protect against cancer development by inhibiting HDAC1 activity and regulating the expression of the cancer-related genes, which indicates that these peptides could be explored as functional foods to alleviate colon cancer.

PeerJ ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
pp. e12696
Yunpeng Zhang ◽  
Jingwei Zhang ◽  
Chenyu Sun ◽  
Fan Wu

Background Tendon heterotopic ossification (HO) is a common condition occurring secondary to tendon injury or surgical trauma that significantly affects the patient’s quality of life. The treatment of tendon HO remains challenging due to a lack of clarity regarding the pathological mechanism. Mohawk (MKX) is a key factor in preventing tendon HO; however, its upstream regulatory mechanism remains to be understood. This study aimed to identify potential compounds that target and regulate MKX and explore their functional mechanisms. Methods Bioinformatics analysis of MKX-related compounds and proteins was performed based on data from the STITCH and OncoBinder databases. Subsequently, the SymMap database was used to study MKX-related traditional Chinese medicine drugs and symptoms. Next, the OncoBinder genomic and proteomic discovery model was applied to identify potential regulators of MKX. The analytical tool Expert Protein Analysis System for proteomics was used to predict the three-dimensional structure of MKX, and the AutoDockTools software was used to identify pockets of activity at potential sites for molecular docking. Furthermore, we evaluated the effect of different doses of 17-beta-estradiol on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). Results By predicting the three-dimensional structure of MKX and simulating molecular docking, Pro-Tyr and 17-beta-Estradiol were found to target and bind to MKX. Analysis of the STITCH and OncoBinder databases showed that MKX had a significant regulatory correlation with suppressor interacting 3 A/histone deacetylase 1 (SIN3A/HDAC1). The GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed that the functions of MKX and its associated proteins were mainly enriched in osteogenic-related pathways. Assessment of the proliferation of BM-MSCs revealed that 17-beta-estradiol possibly upregulated the mRNA expression of the HDAC1-SIN3A/BMP pathway-related RUNX2, thereby promoting the proliferation of BM-MSCs. Conclusions The compounds Pro-Tyr and 17-beta-Estradiol may bind to MKX and thus affect the interaction of MKX with SIN3A/HDAC1.

Genes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 42
Omeima Abdullah ◽  
Mahmoud Alhosin

HAUSP (herpes virus-associated ubiquitin-specific protease), also known as Ubiquitin Specific Protease 7, plays critical roles in cellular processes, such as chromatin biology and epigenetics, through the regulation of different signaling pathways. HAUSP is a main partner of the “Epigenetic Code Replication Machinery,” ECREM, a large protein complex that includes several epigenetic players, such as the ubiquitin-like containing plant homeodomain (PHD) and an interesting new gene (RING), finger domains 1 (UHRF1), as well as DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), histone methyltransferase G9a, and histone acetyltransferase TIP60. Due to its deubiquitinase activity and its ability to team up through direct interactions with several epigenetic regulators, mainly UHRF1, DNMT1, TIP60, the histone lysine methyltransferase EZH2, and the lysine-specific histone demethylase LSD1, HAUSP positions itself at the top of the regulatory hierarchies involved in epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes in cancer. This review highlights the increasing role of HAUSP as an epigenetic master regulator that governs a set of epigenetic players involved in both the maintenance of DNA methylation and histone post-translational modifications.

2021 ◽  
Zahra Khodabandeh ◽  
Bahia Namavar Jahromi ◽  
Atefe Hashemi ◽  
Alireza Afshar ◽  
Neda Baghban ◽  

Abstract This study investigated the effects of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) pod extract (CPE) on human endometrial stem cells (ESCs) viability and to examine its impact on mRNA expression of methyltransferase (DNMT-1, DNMT-3A and DNMT-3B), histone deacetylase-1 (HDAC-1), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in endometriotic patients. The ESCs were derived from endometrium of patients with endometrioma (OMA-ESCs) and deep infiltrative endometriosis samples of 10 women with endometriosis associated infertility (E-ESCs) were compared to the ESCs derived from endometrium of endometriosis free, normal women as control group (C-ESCs). The metabolic activity of control and case groups was evaluated by treating them with different concentrations of CPE. In the E-ESCs, treatment with 0.8 and 2 µg/mL of CPE resulted in downregulation of COX-2 and HDAC-1 compared to the control group (p = 0.02 and p = 0.02, respectively). Treatment with 0.8 µg/mL of CPE decreased MMP-2 and DNMT-3B genes expression (p = 0.02 and p = 0.03, respectively). Furthermore, COX-2 and DNMT-3A genes were significantly upregulated after treatment with 2 µg/mL of CPE. Expression of the COX-2, HDAC-1, DNMT-1, DNMT-3A, and DNMT-3B peptides decreased in E-ESCs, OMA-ESCs and C-ESCs after treatment with 0.8 and 2 µg/mL concentrations of the CPE. The GC analysis of the CPE resulted in 14 compounds with interactions with the target proteins through the docking process. In vitro CPE treatment significantly downregulated cell inflammatory pathway involved in the pathophysiology of endometriosis and may be a potential agent for treatment of endometriosis.

Yi Wu ◽  
Bo Zhang ◽  
Xiaowu Dong ◽  
Shenglin Ma ◽  
Shengquan Hu

Aims: To investigate and validate the potential drug target to HDAC1. Background: Human histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) can catalyze the deacetylation of histones belongs to the family of human histone deacetylases (HDACs). As an amide hydrolase HDAC1 plays a key role in the development of many serious cancers such as prostate cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, esophageal cancer, colon cancer, and breast cancer. Therefore, HDAC1 inhibitors, promoting the transcription of a series of key genes such as the p53 gene and inhibiting the development of cancer through various downstream mechanisms, have great potential for the treatment of cancer. Objective: To discover new skeleton HDAC1 inhibitors efficiently and conveniently with therapeutic potential for cancer. Method: Based on the crystal structure of HDAC1, through the combination of receptor-based and ligand-based virtual screening from the commercial compound library, the top-ranked compounds are selected for purchase through binding modes analysis, and their activities were verified through in vitro HDAC1 inhibitory biological experiments Results: Based on LeDock, 5ICN shown good distinguishing ability and was used as the receptor. According to the results of the LeDock docking scoring from receptor-based virtual screening, 69 compounds with binding energy less than -7.5 kcal/mol were obtained and used for ligand-based virtual screening. A total of 21 novel compounds with high potential HDAC1 inhibitory activity were collected by combining the similarity searching (NN) and the multinomial Naive Bayes machine learning model (NB) methods. Through binding modes analysis, 10 compounds with different structures with potential HDAC1 inhibitory activity were selected and screened HDAC1 inhibitory in vitro. May267 showed moderate HDAC1 inhibitory activity, and the inhibition rate was 48% at a concentration of 20 μM. Conclusion: This study discovers novel small molecule HDAC1 inhibitors by combined receptor-based and ligand-based virtual screening strategy, which provides an efficient method for the discovery of other small molecule drugs. May267 shows moderate HDAC1 inhibitory activity, which can be further optimized as a lead compound. However, it still has the problem of poor kinase selectivity to be solved.

Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 4527
Shirelle X. Liu ◽  
Amanda K. Barks ◽  
Scott Lunos ◽  
Jonathan C. Gewirtz ◽  
Michael K. Georgieff ◽  

Early-life iron deficiency (ID) causes long-term neurocognitive impairments and gene dysregulation that can be partially mitigated by prenatal choline supplementation. The long-term gene dysregulation is hypothesized to underlie cognitive dysfunction. However, mechanisms by which iron and choline mediate long-term gene dysregulation remain unknown. In the present study, using a well-established rat model of fetal-neonatal ID, we demonstrated that ID downregulated hippocampal expression of the gene encoding JmjC-ARID domain-containing protein 1B (JARID1B), an iron-dependent histone H3K4 demethylase, associated with a higher histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) enrichment and a lower enrichment of acetylated histone H3K9 (H3K9ac) and phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein (pCREB). Likewise, ID reduced transcriptional capacity of the gene encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a target of JARID1B, associated with repressive histone modifications such as lower H3K9ac and pCREB enrichments at the Bdnf promoters in the adult rat hippocampus. Prenatal choline supplementation did not prevent the ID-induced chromatin modifications at these loci but induced long-lasting repressive chromatin modifications in the iron-sufficient adult rats. Collectively, these findings demonstrated that the iron-dependent epigenetic mechanism mediated by JARID1B accounted for long-term Bdnf dysregulation by early-life ID. Choline supplementation utilized a separate mechanism to rescue the effect of ID on neural gene regulation. The negative epigenetic effects of choline supplementation in the iron-sufficient rat hippocampus necessitate additional investigations prior to its use as an adjunctive therapeutic agent.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-18
Huanjin Song ◽  
Hao Wu ◽  
Jun Dong ◽  
Sihua Huang ◽  
Jintao Ye ◽  

Ellagic acid (EA) was reported to play protective roles in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It was found that the level of metastasis-associated gene 1 (MTA1)/histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) protein complex was downregulated by polyphenols in several human disorders. Notably, inhibition of MTA1 or HDAC1 has anti-inflammatory effects on RA. Therefore, our study is aimed at investigating whether EA prevents RA progression through regulating the MTA1/HDAC1 complex. Herein, the human fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) cell line MH7A was treated with TNF-α to induce an inflammation model in vitro and then incubated with different concentrations of EA. Western blot analysis showed that EA reduced MTA1 expression in a dose-dependent manner in MH7A cells. Then, TNF-α-treated MH7A cells were incubated with EA alone or together with MTA1 overexpression plasmid (pcDNA-MTA1), and we found that EA inhibited proliferation, inflammation cytokine levels, and oxidative stress marker protein levels and promoted apoptosis in MH7A cells, while MTA1 overexpression abolished these effects. Moreover, coimmunoprecipitation assay verified the interaction between MTA1 and HDAC1. EA downregulated the MTA1/HDAC1 complex in MH7A cells. MTA1 knockdown inhibited proliferation, inflammation, and oxidative stress and promoted apoptosis in MH7A cells, while HDAC1 overexpression reversed these effects. Moreover, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay indicated that EA inhibited HDAC1-mediated Nur77 deacetylation. Rescue experiments demonstrated that Nur77 knockdown reversed the effects of EA on MH7A cell biological behaviors. Additionally, EA treatment attenuated arthritis index, paw swelling, synovial hyperplasia, and inflammation in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. In conclusion, EA inhibited proliferation, inflammation, and oxidative stress and promoted apoptosis in MH7A cells and alleviated the severity of RA in CIA rats though downregulating MTA1/HDAC1 complex and promoting HDAC1 deacetylation-mediated Nur77 expression.

Duk-Hwa Kwon ◽  
Nakwon Choe ◽  
Sera Shin ◽  
Juhee Ryu ◽  
Nacksung Kim ◽  

AbstractVascular calcification increases morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiovascular and renal diseases. Previously, we reported that histone deacetylase 1 prevents vascular calcification, whereas its E3 ligase, mouse double minute 2 homolog (MDM2), induces vascular calcification. In the present study, we identified the upstream regulator of MDM2. By utilizing cellular models and transgenic mice, we confirmed that E3 ligase activity is required for vascular calcification. By promoter analysis, we found that both msh homeobox 1 (Msx1) and msh homeobox 2 (Msx2) bound to the MDM2 promoter region, which resulted in transcriptional activation of MDM2. The expression levels of both Msx1 and Msx2 were increased in mouse models of vascular calcification and in calcified human coronary arteries. Msx1 and Msx2 potentiated vascular calcification in cellular and mouse models in an MDM2-dependent manner. Our results establish a novel role for MSX1/MSX2 in the transcriptional activation of MDM2 and the resultant increase in MDM2 E3 ligase activity during vascular calcification.

2021 ◽  
Vol 118 (48) ◽  
pp. e2111946118
Flavia Novelli ◽  
Angela Bononi ◽  
Qian Wang ◽  
Fang Bai ◽  
Simone Patergnani ◽  

Carriers of heterozygous germline BAP1 mutations (BAP1+/−) are affected by the “BAP1 cancer syndrome.” Although they can develop almost any cancer type, they are unusually susceptible to asbestos carcinogenesis and mesothelioma. Here we investigate why among all carcinogens, BAP1 mutations cooperate with asbestos. Asbestos carcinogenesis and mesothelioma have been linked to a chronic inflammatory process promoted by the extracellular release of the high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1). We report that BAP1+/− cells secrete increased amounts of HMGB1, and that BAP1+/− carriers have detectable serum levels of acetylated HMGB1 that further increase when they develop mesothelioma. We linked these findings to our discovery that BAP1 forms a trimeric protein complex with HMGB1 and with histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) that modulates HMGB1 acetylation and its release. Reduced BAP1 levels caused increased ubiquitylation and degradation of HDAC1, leading to increased acetylation of HMGB1 and its active secretion that in turn promoted mesothelial cell transformation.

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