Maximum Heat Transfer
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Kerntechnik ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 86 (5) ◽  
pp. 325-337
Author(s):  
M. Kumar ◽  
D. Mukhopadhyay

Abstract Empirical correlations are developed for rewetting velocity and maximum heat transfer coefficient during rewetting phase of single hot vertical Fuel Pin Simulator (FPS) by using radial jet impingement and falling film. Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) has been designed for Advance Heavy water Reactor (AHWR) to rewet the hot fuel pin under the loss of coolant accident. Coolant injection takes place from a water rod which is located at the center of the fuel bundle in form of jets to rewet hot surface of fuel pin under loss of coolant accident. This kind of design to reflood the fuel bundle is different than bottom and top spray reflooding practiced in PWR and BWR type of nuclear reactors. There are two different kinds of rewetting found during radial jet induced cooling. The first one is due to radial jet impingement and the second one is due to falling film which is below the jet impingement point. Rewetting velocity has been predicted along the length of fuel pin due to radial jet impingement cooling. Temperature of FPS has been varied from 400°C to 700°C with help of different powers supply, simulating decay heat of reactor. A variation of coolant radial jet mass flow rate is from 0.5 lpm to 1.8 lpm. It is considered during ECCS injection. It has been observed from the experiments that rewetting velocity decreases with increasing the clad surface temperature and increases with increasing the coolant mass flow rate. The rewetting velocity in falling film is found to be nearly 1.8 times higher than rewetting velocity predicted in circumferential direction. Further, it is found that maximum heat transfer coefficient increases with increasing the radial jet coolant mass flow rate. The maximum heat transfer coefficient in case of radial jet impingement is found to be nearly 1.5 times the falling film rewetting. Developed correlation predicts the maximum heat transfer coefficient with experimental data well within the error band of ±10%.


Author(s):  
E. K. Buchilko

This paper presents the results of an experimental study of the external heat-exchange with a tube bundle in a bidisperse fluidized bed with marked bimodality of particle size distribution. The dependence of the maximum heat-transfer coefficient on the rate of air filtration was determined. The influence of the mass fraction of large particles on the heat-transfer coefficient in a mixture has been established. An interpolation dependence for calculating the optimal filtration rate of the investigated mixtures has been obtained. It is recommended to use the average surface diameter of the polydisperse particles mixture as the equivalent diameter when calculating the heat-exchange. A method for calculating the maximum heat-transfer coefficient and the optimal filtration rate for a quasi-bidisperse fluidized bed has been developed. The method is based on the use of heat transfer coefficients and optimal filtration rates of individual components of the bidisperse mixture. The equations for calculating the maximum heat-transfer coefficient and the optimal filtration rate in the bidisperse mixture has been obtained.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sushovan Chatterjee ◽  
Subhasish Das ◽  
Neelam Kumar Sarma

Purpose The heat transfer within a heat exchanger is highly influenced by geometry of the components especially those with hollow structures like tubes. This paper aims to intend toward the study of efficient and optimized heat transfer in the bends of superheater tubes, with different curvature ratio at constant Reynolds Number. Design/methodology/approach The effect of changing curvature ratio on enthalpy of the fluid passing through the superheater tubes for multi-pass system has been studied with the aid of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) using ANSYS 14.0. Initially a superheater tube with two pass system has been examined with different curvature ratios of 1.425, 1.56, 1.71, 1.85 and 1.99. An industry specified curvature ratio of 1.71 with two pass is investigated, and a comparative assessment has been carried out. This is intended toward obtaining an optimized radius of curvature of the bend for enhancement of heat transfer. Findings The results obtained from software simulation revealed that the curvature ratio of 1.85 provides maximum heat transfer to the fluid flowing through the tube with two pass. This result has been found to be consistent with higher number of passes as well. The effect of secondary flow in bends of curvature has also been illustrated in the present work. Research limitations/implications The study of heat transfer in thermodynamic systems is a never-ending process and has to be continued for the upliftment of power plant performances. This study has been conducted on steady flow behavior of the fluid which may be upgraded by carrying out the same in transient mode. The impact of different curvature ratios on some important parameters such as heat transfer coefficients will certainly upgrade the value of research. Originality/value This computational study provided comprehensive information on fluid flow behavior and its effect on heat transfer in bends of curvature of superheater tubes inside the boiler. It also provides information on optimized bend of curvature for efficient heat transfer process.


2021 ◽  
pp. 80-80
Author(s):  
Hussein Togun ◽  
Raadz Homod ◽  
T Tuqaabdulrazzaq

Turbulent heat transfer and hybrid Al2O3-Cu/nanofluid over vertical double forward facing-stepis numerically conducted. K-? standard model based on finite volume method in two dimensional are applied to investigate the influences of Reynolds number, step height, volume fractions hybrid Al2O3-Cu/nanofluid on thermal performance. In this paper, different step heights for three cases of vertical double FFS are adopted by five different of volume fractions of hybrid (Al2O3-Cu/water) nanofluid varied for 0.1, 0.33, 0.75, 1, and 2, while the Reynolds number different between 10000 to 40000 with temperature is constant. The main findings revealed that rise in local heat transfer coefficients with raised Reynolds number and maximum heat transfer coefficient was noticed at Re=40000. Also rises in heat transfer coefficient detected with increased volume concentrations of hybrid (Al2O3-Cu/water) nanofluid and the maximum heat transfer coefficient found at hybrid Al2O3-Cu/water nanofluid of 2% in compared with others. It?s also found that rise in surface heat transfer coefficient at 1ststep-case 2 was greater than at 1ststep-case 1 and 3 while was higher at 2ndstep-case 3. Average heat transfer coefficient with Reynolds number for all cases are presented in this paper and found that the maximum average heat transfer coefficient was at case 2 compared with case 1 and 3. Gradually increases in skin friction coefficient remarked at 1stand 2ndsteps of the channel and drop in skin friction coefficient was obtained with increased of Reynolds number. Counter of velocity was presented to show the recirculation regions at first and second steps as clarified the enrichment in heat transfer rate. Furthermore, the counter of turbulence kinetic energy contour was displayed to provide demonstration for achieving thermal performance at second step for all cases.


2021 ◽  
pp. 199-199
Author(s):  
Lakshmi Reddy ◽  
Srinivasa Bayyapureddy Reddy ◽  
Kakumani Govindarajulu

Heat pipe is a two phase heat transfer device with high effective thermal conductivity and transfer huge amount of heat with minimum temperature gradient in between evaporator and condenser section. This paper objective is to predict the thermal performance in terms of thermal resistance (R) and heat transfer coefficient (h) of screen mesh wick heat pipe with DI water-TiO2 as working fluid. The input process parameters of heat pipe such as heat load (Q), tilt angle (?) and concentration of nanofluid (?) were modeled and optimized by utilizing Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with MiniTab-17 software to attain minimum thermal resistance and maximum heat transfer coefficient. The minimum thermal resistance of 0.1764 0C/W and maximum heat transfer coefficient of 1411.52 W/m2 0C was obtained under the optimized conditions of 200 W heat load, 57.20 tilt angle and 0.159 vol. % concentration of nano-fluid.


2021 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 286-299
Author(s):  
Behzad Ghobadi ◽  
Farshad Kowsary ◽  
Farzad Veysi

Abstract In this article, the numerical analysis has been carried out to optimize heat transfer and pressure drop in the horizontal channel in the presence of a rectangular baffle and constant temperature in two-dimension. For this aim, the governing differential equation has been solved by computational fluid dynamics software. The Reynolds numbers are in the range of 2,000 < Re < 10,000 and the working fluid is water. While the periodic boundary condition has been applied at the inlet, outlet, and the channel wall, axisymmetric boundary condition has been used for channel axis. For modeling and optimizing the turbulence, k–ω SST model and genetic algorithm have been applied, respectively. The results illustrate that adding a rectangular baffle to the channel enhances heat transfer and pressure drop. Hence, the heat transfer performance factor along with maximum heat transfer and minimum pressure drop has been investigated and the effective geometrical parameters have been introduced. As can be seen, there is an inverse relationship between baffle step and both heat transfer and pressure drop so that for p/d equal to 0.5, 1, and 1.25, the percentage of increase in Nusselt number is 141, 124, and 120% comparing to a simple channel and the increase in friction factor is 5.5, 5, and 4.25 times, respectively. The results of modeling confirm the increase in heat transfer performance and friction factor in the baffle with more height. For instance, when the Reynolds number and height are 5,000 and 3 mm, the Nusselt number and friction factor have been increased by 35% and 2.5 times, respectively. However, for baffle with 4 mm height, the increase in the Nusselt number and friction factor is 68% and 5.57 times, respectively. It is also demonstrated that by increasing Reynolds number, the maximum heat transfer performance has been decreased which is proportional to the increase in p/d and h/d. Moreover, the maximum heat transfer performance in 2,000 Reynolds number is 1.5 proportional to p/d of 0.61 and h/d of 0.36, while for 10,000 Reynolds number, its value is 1.19 in high p/d of 0.93 and h/d of 0.15. The approaches of the present study can be used for optimizing heat transfer performance where geometrical dimensions are not accessible or the rectangular baffle has been applied for heat transfer enhancement.


2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 283-295
Author(s):  
Khridsadakhon Booddachan ◽  
Nipon Bhuwakietkumjohn ◽  
Thanya Parameethanuwat

Nanofluids (NFs) are an attractive alternative to traditional working fluids for thermosiphons, but the solid nanoparticles (NPs) within the NF can agglomerate and reduce the thermal performance. This study focused on clarifying the effect of a NF with surfactants on the heat transfer characteristics of an advanced loop thermosiphon with a check valve (ALT/CV). In an experiment, the ALT/CV was filled with different working fluids at filling ratios of 30%, 50%, and 80% with respect to the evaporator volume. Heat was supplied at 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% of the heater output (2000 W). Five working fluids were considered: deionized (DI) water, a DI water-based NF with 0.5 wt% silver NPs, and the same NF containing 0.5, 1, and 1.5 wt% oleic acid (OA) and potassium oleate (OAK+) as surfactants. The results showed that the ALT/CV provided a better heat transfer performance than a normal thermosiphon. The maximum heat transfer rate was achieved with the NF containing 0.5 wt% silver NPs and 1 wt% OAK+. The NF containing OAK+ demonstrated a heat transfer rate approximately 80% higher than that of the DI water


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Tej Singh ◽  
Amitesh Kumar ◽  
Ashok Kumar Satapathy

Abstract Abstract In the present paper, the role of sinusoidal wavy surface in enhancing the heat transfer is numerically studied. The heat transfer characteristics are studied for two thermal boundary conditions of the wavy wall. To assess the effect of wavy wall, the amplitude is varied between 0.1 to 0.7 and number of cycle from 4 to 12 at an interval of 0.1 and 1 respectively. In order to see the effect of offset ratio, it is varied between 3 to 15 at an interval of 2. The Reynolds number (Re) and Prandtl number (Pr) are set to 15,000 and 0.71, respectively for all the numerical simulations. It is found that the maximum average Nusselt number(Nuavg) not only depends on the amplitude and number of cycle but also on the offset ratio. Overall 23.27% in maximum heat transfer enhancement is achieved with reference to the plane wall surface. An approximately linear decrement in maximum Nu_{avg} is observed when offset ratio increases. The results indicate that Nu_{avg} increases with an increase in the amplitude of sinusoidal wavy surface up to N=8 and almost follows the linear trend up to N=7. It is worth noticing that for some cases there is a decrease in the heat transfer rate as compared to the plane wall case. Therefore, it is concluded that increase in surface area does not necessarily result in an increase in the heat transfer rate.


2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Zoubida Haddad ◽  
Farida Iachachene ◽  
Eiyad Abu-Nada ◽  
Ioan Pop

AbstractThis paper presents a detailed comparison between the latent functionally thermal fluids (LFTFs) and nanofluids in terms of heat transfer enhancement. The problem used to carry the comparison is natural convection in a differentially heated cavity where LFTFs and nanofluids are considered the working fluids. The nanofluid mixture consists of Al2O3 nanoparticles and water, whereas the LFTF mixture consists of a suspension of nanoencapsulated phase change material (NEPCMs) in water. The thermophysical properties of the LFTFs are derived from available experimental data in literature. The NEPCMs consist of n-nonadecane as PCM and poly(styrene-co-methacrylic acid) as shell material for the encapsulation. Finite volume method is used to solve the governing equations of the LFTFs and the nanofluid. The computations covered a wide range of Rayleigh number, 104 ≤ Ra ≤ 107, and nanoparticle volume fraction ranging between 0 and 1.69%. It was found that the LFTFs give substantial heat transfer enhancement compared to nanofluids, where the maximum heat transfer enhancement of 13% was observed over nanofluids. Though the thermal conductivity of LFTFs was 15 times smaller than that of the base fluid, a significant enhancement in thermal conductivity was observed. This enhancement was attributed to the high latent heat of fusion of the LFTFs which increased the energy transport within the cavity and accordingly the thermal conductivity of the LFTFs.


2020 ◽  
Vol 143 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Kaushik Mondal ◽  
Anandaroop Bhattacharya

Abstract This paper reports our numerical studies on pool boiling heat transfer from a plane and with protruding surface using single component pseudo-potential phase change model of lattice Boltzmann method. The surface protrusions are assumed to be rectangular in shape with a given height and width. The surface protrusions are seen to promote nucleation of bubbles from the heated surface resulting in significantly higher heat transfer rates compared to the plane surface. Spatial and temporal averaged heat fluxes from all these protruding surfaces are found to be 3–4 times higher than that of a plane surface. The effects of the protrusion height, width, spacing, and associated geometrical parameters on surface heat flux have been investigated in order to arrive at an optimal design for maximum heat transfer.


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