scholarly journals Hsa-miR-557 Inhibits Osteosarcoma Growth Through Targeting KRAS

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Zhi Qiao ◽  
Jinfeng Li ◽  
Hongwei Kou ◽  
Xiangrong Chen ◽  
Deming Bao ◽  

Objective: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignancy in the skeletal system; studies showed an important role of miRNAs in tumorigenesis, indicating miRNAs as possible therapeutic molecules. This study found abnormal hsa-miR-557 expression levels in osteosarcoma and tried to explore the potential function and the mechanism.Methods: Differential expression genes of osteosarcoma were analyzed using GSE28423 from the GEO database. Survival analysis of miRNAs was conducted with data obtained from the TARGET-OS database. STRING and miRDIP were used to predict target genes of hsa-miR-557; KRAS was then verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. Expression of genes was detected by qPCR, and levels of proteins were detected by Western blot. The proliferation ability of cells was detected by CCK-8 and cell cycle analysis. Tumor formation assay in nude mice was used to detect the influence of osteosarcoma by hsa-miR-557 in vivo.Results: Analysis from the GEO and TARGET databases found 12 miRNAs that are significantly related to the osteosarcoma prognosis, 7 downregulated (hsa-miR-140-3p, hsa-miR-564, hsa-miR-765, hsa-miR-1224-5p, hsa-miR-95, hsa-miR-940, and hsa-miR-557) and 5 upregulated (hsa-miR-362-3p, hsa-miR-149, hsa-miR-96, hsa-miR-744, and hsa-miR-769-5p). CCK-8 analysis and cell cycle analysis found that hsa-miR-557 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of osteosarcoma cells. The tumor formation assay in nude mice showed that tumor sizes and weights were inhibited by hsa-miR-557 transfection. Further studies also proved that hsa-miR-557 could target the 3′UTR of KRAS and modulate phosphorylation of downstream proteins.Conclusion: This study showed that hsa-miR-557 could inhibit osteosarcoma growth both in vivo and in vitro, by modulating KRAS expression.

2020 ◽  
Jiancheng Lv ◽  
Zijian Zhou ◽  
Jingzi Wang ◽  
Xiao Yang ◽  
Hao Yu ◽  

Abstract Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are noncoding RNAs that have the structure of a covalently closed loop. Increasing data has proved that circRNA can influence the development and progression of tumors. CircFAM114A2 is generated from several exons of FAM114A2. However, the function and mechanisms of circFAM114A2 in bladder cancer (BCa) remain unclear. This research aimed to reveal that circFAM114A2 inhibits bladder cancer progression and improves sensitivity of cisplatin chemotherapy by inducing G1/S cell cycle arrest via novel miR-222-3p/P27 and miR-146a-5p/P21 cascades.Methods: Here, to elucidate the potential roles of circFAM114A2 in BCa, we conducted RNA-sequencing on 5 pairs of BCa samples and screened for circRNAs. CircRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs, as well as levels of P27 and P21, in human cells and tissues were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. CircRNA-miRNA interactions and miRNA-downstream mRNAs interactions were investigated by RNA pull-down assay and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or luciferase reporter assays, respectively. Then, the function of circFAM114A2 in BCa was explored using cell proliferation, cell cycle and tumorigenesis assays in nude mice. Finally, the function of circFAM114A2 in cisplatin chemo-sensitivity in BCa was detected by IC50 and tumor formation of xenograft in cisplatin-treated nude mice. Results: We discovered that circFAM114A2 levels were decreased in BCa cell lines and tissues. According to follow-up data, BCa patients with higher circFAM114A2 expression had better survival. Importantly, the levels of circFAM114A2 were associated with the histological grade of BCa. Overexpression of circFAM114A2 inhibited cell proliferation and increased sensitivity to cisplatin chemotherapy. Mechanistically, circFAM114A2 directly sponged miR-222-3p/miR-146a-5p and subsequently influenced the expression of the downstream target genes P27/P21, which, in turn, inhibited progression of BCa.Conclusions: CircFAM114A2 acted as a tumor suppressor through a novel circFAM114A2/miR-222-3p/P27 and circFAM114A2/miR-146a-5p/P21 pathway. CircFAM1142 has therefore great potential as a prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for BCa.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Junjie Cen ◽  
Yanping Liang ◽  
Yong Huang ◽  
Yihui Pan ◽  
Guannan Shu ◽  

Abstract Background There is increasing evidence that circular RNAs (circRNAs) have significant regulatory roles in cancer development and progression; however, the expression patterns and biological functions of circRNAs in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remain largely elusive. Method Bioinformatics methods were applied to screen for circRNAs differentially expressed in RCC. Analysis of online circRNAs microarray datasets and our own patient cohort indicated that circSDHC (hsa_circ_0015004) had a potential oncogenic role in RCC. Subsequently, circSDHC expression was measured in RCC tissues and cell lines by qPCR assay, and the prognostic value of circSDHC evaluated. Further, a series of functional in vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to assess the effects of circSDHC on RCC proliferation and metastasis. RNA pull-down assay, luciferase reporter and fluorescent in situ hybridization assays were used to confirm the interactions between circSDHC, miR-127-3p and its target genes. Results Clinically, high circSDHC expression was correlated with advanced TNM stage and poor survival in patients with RCC. Further, circSDHC promoted tumor cell proliferation and invasion, both in vivo and in vitro. Analysis of the mechanism underlying the effects of circSDHC in RCC demonstrated that it binds competitively to miR-127-3p and prevents its suppression of a downstream gene, CDKN3, and the E2F1 pathway, thereby leading to RCC malignant progression. Furthermore, knockdown of circSDHC caused decreased CDKN3 expression and E2F1 pathway inhibition, which could be rescued by treatment with an miR-127-3p inhibitor. Conclusion Our data indicates, for the first time, an essential role for the circSDHC/miR-127-3p/CDKN3/E2F1 axis in RCC progression. Thus, circSDHC has potential to be a new therapeutic target in patients with RCC.

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (1) ◽  
Jingpeng Wang ◽  
Shuyuan Li ◽  
Gaofeng Zhang ◽  
Huihua Han

Abstract Background Sevoflurane (Sev), a commonly used volatile anesthetic, has been reported to inhibit the process of colorectal cancer (CRC). Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are revealed to participate in the pathogenesis of CRC. This study aims to reveal the mechanism of hsa_circ_0000231 in Sev-mediated CRC progression. Methods The expression of hsa_circ_0000231 and microRNA-622 (miR-622) was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Protein level was determined by western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was investigated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), cell colony formation and DNA content quantitation assays. Cell apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate and propidium iodide double staining and caspase 3 activity assays. Cell migration and invasion were investigated by wound-healing and transwell invasion assays, respectively. The putative relationship between hsa_circ_0000231 and miR-622 was predicted by circular RNA Interactome online database, and identified by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. The impacts of hsa_circ_0000231 on Sev-mediated tumor formation in vivo were presented by in vivo assay. Results Hsa_circ_0000231 expression was upregulated, while miR-622 was downregulated in CRC tissues and cells compared with control groups. Sev treatment decreased hsa_circ_0000231 expression, but increased miR-622 expression in CRC cells. Sev treatment suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and induced cell apoptosis. Hsa_circ_0000231 overexpression restored Sev-mediated CRC progression in vitro. Additionally, hsa_circ_0000231 acted as a sponge of miR-622, and miR-622 inhibitors reversed the impacts of hsa_circ_0000231 silencing on CRC process. Furthermore, Sev treatment inhibited tumor growth by regulating hsa_circ_0000231 in vivo. Conclusion Hsa_circ_0000231 attenuated Sev-aroused repression impacts on CRC development by sponging miR-622. This findings may provide an appropriate anesthetic protocol for CRC sufferers undergoing surgery.

2018 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 371-382 ◽  
Limin Liu ◽  
Peng Zhang ◽  
Ming Bai ◽  
Lijie He ◽  
Lei Zhang ◽  

Abstract Hypoxia plays an important role in the genesis and progression of renal fibrosis. The underlying mechanisms, however, have not been sufficiently elucidated. We examined the role of p53 in hypoxia-induced renal fibrosis in cell culture (human and rat renal tubular epithelial cells) and a mouse unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model. Cell cycle of tubular cells was determined by flow cytometry, and the expression of profibrogenic factors was determined by RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter experiments were performed to explore the effect of HIF-1α on p53 expression. We showed that, in hypoxic tubular cells, p53 upregulation suppressed the expression of CDK1 and cyclins B1 and D1, leading to cell cycle (G2/M) arrest (or delay) and higher expression of TGF-β, CTGF, collagens, and fibronectin. p53 suppression by siRNA or by a specific p53 inhibitor (PIF-α) triggered opposite effects preventing the G2/M arrest and profibrotic changes. In vivo experiments in the UUO model revealed similar antifibrotic results following intraperitoneal administration of PIF-α (2.2 mg/kg). Using gain-of-function, loss-of-function, and luciferase assays, we further identified an HRE3 region on the p53 promoter as the HIF-1α-binding site. The HIF-1α–HRE3 binding resulted in a sharp transcriptional activation of p53. Collectively, we show the presence of a hypoxia-activated, p53-responsive profibrogenic pathway in the kidney. During hypoxia, p53 upregulation induced by HIF-1α suppresses cell cycle progression, leading to the accumulation of G2/M cells, and activates profibrotic TGF-β and CTGF-mediated signaling pathways, causing extracellular matrix production and renal fibrosis.

2021 ◽  
Zhewen Zheng ◽  
Xue Zhang ◽  
Jian Bai ◽  
Long Long ◽  
Di Liu ◽  

Abstract BackgroundPhosphoglucomutase 1(PGM1) is known for its involvement in cancer pathogenesis. However, its biological role in colorectal cancer (CRC) is unknown. Here, we studied the functions and mechanisms of PGM1 in CRC.Methods We verified PGM-1 as a DEG by a comprehensive strategy of the TCGA-COAD dataset mining and computational biology. Relative levels of PGM-1 in CRC tumors and adjoining peritumoral tissue were identified by qRT-PCR, WB, and IHC staining in a tissue microarray. PGM1 functions were analyzed using CCK8, EdU, colony formation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and Transwell migration and invasion assays. The influence of PGM1 was further investigated using tumor formation in vivo.ResultsPGM1 mRNA and protein were both reduced in CRC and the reduction was related to CRC pathology and overall survival. PGM1 knockdown stimulated both proliferation and colony formation, promoting cell cycle arrest and apoptosis while overexpression has opposite effects in CRC cells both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, we lined the actions of PGM1 to the PI3K/ AKT pathway. ConclusionWe verified that PGM1 suppresses CRC through the PI3K/ AKT pathway. These results suggest the potential for targeting PGM1 in CRC therapies.

2021 ◽  
Yanhui Hao ◽  
Wenchao Li ◽  
Hui Wang ◽  
Jing Zhang ◽  
Haoyu Wang ◽  

Abstract Background With the development of science and technology, microwaves are being widely used. More and more attention has been paid to the potential health hazards of microwave exposure. The regulation of miR-30a-5p (miR-30a) on autophagy is involved in the pathophysiological process of many diseases. Our previous study found that 30 mW/cm2 microwave radiation could reduce miR-30a expression and activate neuronal autophagy in rat hippocampus. However, the roles played by miR-30a in microwave-induced neuronal autophagy and related mechanisms remain largely unexplored. Results In the present study, we established neuronal damage models by exposing rat hippocampal neurons and rat adrenal pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell-derived neuron-like cells to 30 mW/cm2 microwave, which resulted in miR-30a downregulation and autophagy activation in vivo and in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis was conducted, and Beclin1, Prkaa2, Irs1, Pik3r2, Rras2, Ddit4, Gabarapl2 and autophagy-related gene 12 (Atg12) were identified as potential downstream target genes of miR-30a involved in regulating autophagy. Based on our previous findings that microwave radiation can cause a neuronal energy metabolism disorder, Prkaa2, encoding adenosine 5’-monophosphate-activated protein kinase α2 (AMPKα2, an important catalytic subunit of energy sensor AMPK), was selected for further analysis. Dual-luciferase reporter assay results showed that Prkaa2 is a downstream target gene of miR-30a. Microwave radiation increased the expression and phosphorylation (Thr172) of AMPKα both in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, the transduction of cells with miR-30a mimics suppressed AMPKα2 expression, inhibited AMPKα (Thr172) phosphorylation and reduced autophagy flux in neuron-like cells. Importantly, miR-30a mimics abolished microwave-activated autophagy and inhibited microwave-induced AMPKα (Thr172) phosphorylation. Conclusions AMPKα2 was a newly founded downstream gene of miR-30a involved in autophagy regulation, and miR-30a downregulation after microwave radiation could promote neuronal autophagy by increasing AMPKα2 expression and activating AMPK signaling.

2020 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
Koudong Zhang ◽  
Hang Hu ◽  
Juan Xu ◽  
Limin Qiu ◽  
Haitao Chen ◽  

Abstract Background Lung cancer (LC) is a malignant tumor originating in the bronchial mucosa or gland of the lung. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are proved to be key regulators of tumor progression. However, the regulatory effect of circ_0001421 on lung cancer tumorigenesis remains unclear. Methods The expression levels of circ_0001421, microRNA-4677-3p (miR-4677-3p) and cell division cycle associated 3 (CDCA3) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT), Transwell and Tumor formation assays were performed to explore the role of circ_0001421 in LC. Glucose consumption and lactate production were examined by a Glucose assay kit and a Lactic Acid assay kit. Western blot was utilized to examine the protein levels of Hexokinase 2 (HK2) and CDCA3. The interaction between miR-4677-3p and circ_0001421 or CDCA3 was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results Circ_0001421 was increased in LC tissues and cells, and knockdown of circ_0001421 repressed cell proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis in vitro. Meanwhile, circ_0001421 knockdown inhibited LC tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, circ_0001421 could bind to miR-4677-3p, and CDCA3 was a target of miR-4677-3p. Rescue assays manifested that silencing miR-4677-3p or CDCA3 overexpression reversed circ_0001421 knockdown-mediated suppression on cell proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis in LC cells. Conclusion Circ_0001421 promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis in LC by regulating the miR-4677-3p/CDCA3 axis, which providing a new mechanism for LC tumor progression.

2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Edith Jansig ◽  
Stefanie Geissler ◽  
Vera Rieckmann ◽  
Anja Kuenemund ◽  
Benjamin Hietel ◽  

Abstract Therapeutic mRNA delivery has been described for several treatment options, such as vaccination and cancer immunotherapy. However, mRNA delivery has to be accompanied by the development and testing of suitable carrier materials due to the instability of mRNAs in human body fluids. In the present study, we investigated the ability of recently developed Viromers to deliver mRNAs in a classical inflammatory setting. We tested mRNAs coding for active components of preclinical (7ND) and approved (sTNF-RII) biologics, in vitro and in vivo. 7ND is an established blocker of the CCR2 axis, whereas sTNF-RII is the active component of the approved drug Etanercept. Viromer/mRNA complexes were transfected into murine macrophages in vitro. Protein expression was analysed using Luciferase reporter expression and mainly identified in spleen, blood and bone marrow in vivo. 7ND-mRNA delivery led to efficient blockage of monocytes infiltration in thioglycolate-induced peritonitis in mice, underlining the ability of Viromers to deliver a therapeutic mRNA cargo without overt toxicity. Therefore, we propose Viromer-based mRNA delivery as a suitable option for the treatment of inflammatory disorders beyond infusion of biological molecules.

2003 ◽  
Vol 23 (24) ◽  
pp. 9375-9388 ◽  
Melanie J. McConnell ◽  
Nathalie Chevallier ◽  
Windy Berkofsky-Fessler ◽  
Jena M. Giltnane ◽  
Rupal B. Malani ◽  

ABSTRACT The transcriptional repressor PLZF was identified by its translocation with retinoic acid receptor alpha in t(11;17) acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Ectopic expression of PLZF leads to cell cycle arrest and growth suppression, while disruption of normal PLZF function is implicated in the development of APL. To clarify the function of PLZF in cell growth and survival, we used an inducible PLZF cell line in a microarray analysis to identify the target genes repressed by PLZF. One prominent gene identified was c-myc. The array analysis demonstrated that repression of c-myc by PLZF led to a reduction in c-myc-activated transcripts and an increase in c-myc-repressed transcripts. Regulation of c-myc by PLZF was shown to be both direct and reversible. An interaction between PLZF and the c-myc promoter could be detected both in vitro and in vivo. PLZF repressed the wild-type c-myc promoter in a reporter assay, dependent on the integrity of the binding site identified in vitro. PLZF binding in vivo was coincident with a decrease in RNA polymerase occupation of the c-myc promoter, indicating that repression occurred via a reduction in the initiation of transcription. Finally, expression of c-myc reversed the cell cycle arrest induced by PLZF. These data suggest that PLZF expression maintains a cell in a quiescent state by repressing c-myc expression and preventing cell cycle progression. Loss of this repression through the translocation that occurs in t(11;17) would have serious consequences for cell growth control.

2019 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
Zhuo Ye ◽  
Jiachen Duan ◽  
Lihui Wang ◽  
Yanli Ji ◽  
Baoping Qiao

Abstract Background Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common renal cell carcinoma subtype with a poor prognosis. LncRNA-LET is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that is down-regulated in ccRCC tissues. However, its role in ccRCC development and progress is unclear. Methods LncRNA-LET expression was detected in ccRCC tissues and ccRCC cells using quantitative real-time PCR. The overexpression and knockdown experiments were performed in ccRCC cells and xenograft mouse model to evaluate role of lncRNA-LET. Cell cycle, apoptosis and JC-1 assays were conducted via flow cytometer. The protein levels were measured through western blot analysis and the interaction between lncRNA-LET and miR-373-3p was identified via luciferase reporter assay. Results LncRNA-LET expression was lower in ccRCC tissues than that in the matched adjacent non-tumor tissues (n = 16). In vitro, lncRNA-LET overexpression induced cell cycle arrest, promoted apoptosis and impaired mitochondrial membrane potential, whereas its knockdown exerted opposite effects. Moreover, we noted that lncRNA-LET may act as a target for oncomiR miR-373-3p. In contrast to lncRNA-LET, miR-373-3p expression was higher in ccRCC tissues. The binding between lncRNA-LET and miR-373-3p was validated. Two downstream targets of miR-373-3p, Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP2), were positively regulated by lncRNA-LET in ccRCC cells. MiR-373-3p mimics reduced lncRNA-LET-induced up-regulation of DKK1 and TIMP2 levels, and attenuated lncRNA-LET-mediated anti-tumor effects in ccRCC cells. In vivo, lncRNA-LET suppressed the growth of ccRCC xenograft tumors. Conclusion These findings indicate that lncRNA-LET plays a tumor suppressive role in ccRCC by regulating miR-373-3p.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document