contraceptive methods
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2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
pp. 0-0
Tahany El-Sayed El-Sayed Amr ◽  
Amany Arafat Goda ◽  
Reda M.Nabil Aboushady

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262431
Sewunet Sako Shagaro ◽  
Teshale Fikadu Gebabo ◽  
Be’emnet Tekabe Mulugeta

Background Modern contraceptive method is a product or medical procedure that interferes with reproduction from acts of sexual intercourse. Globally in 2019, 44% of women of reproductive age were using a modern method of contraception but it was 29% in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the main aim of this analysis was to assess the prevalence of modern contraceptive utilization and associated factors among married women in Ethiopia. Method The current study used the 2019 Ethiopia mini demographic and health survey dataset. Both descriptive and multilevel mixed-effect logistic regression analysis were done using STATA version 14. A p-value of less than 0.05 and an adjusted odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval were used to report statistically significant factors with modern contraceptive utilization. Result The overall modern contraceptive utilization among married women in Ethiopia was 38.7% (95% CI: 37.3% to 40.0%). Among the modern contraceptive methods, injectables were the most widely utilized modern contraceptive method (22.82%) followed by implants (9.65%) and pills (2.71%). Maternal age, educational level, wealth index, number of living children, number of births in the last three years, number of under 5 children in the household, religion, and geographic region were independent predictors of modern contraceptive utilization. Conclusion In the current study only four out of ten married non-pregnant women of reproductive age utilized modern contraceptive methods. Furthermore, the study has identified both individual and community-level factors that can affect the utilization of modern contraceptive methods by married women in the country. Therefore, concerned bodies need to improve access to reproductive health services, empower women through community-based approaches, and minimize region wise discrepancy to optimize the utilization.

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 476-487
Erysta Risky Rismia ◽  
Tatik Widiharih ◽  
Rukun Santoso

The characteristics of society in choosing contraceptive methods are also the crucial factors for the government to prepare the family planning services needed at Bulakamba District, Brebes Regency, Central Java. In this case, a classification process needs to be done to assist the process of classifying the characteristics of society in the selection of contraceptive methods. Multinomial Logistic Regression classification is good in exploring data information  meanwhile Fuzzy K Nearest Neighbor (FK-NN) classification is good for handling big data and noise. These two methods used in this study because they are relevant to the data applied and will be compared their classification accuracy through APER and Press's Q calculations.The classification accuracy results obtained based on the APER calculation for Multinomial Logistic Regression is 88,25% and Fuzzy K Nearest Neighbor (FK-NN) is 88,92%.  Meanwhile, the Press's Q value of both methods are 9600,945 and 9518,014 greater than χ 2𝛼,1 which is 3,841, so that it is statistically accurate. Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that Multinomial Logistic Regression classification method has a better classification accuracy than Fuzzy K Nearest Neighbor (FK-NN) method. 

2022 ◽  
Scarano-Pereira Juan-Pablo ◽  
Martinino Alessandro ◽  
Francesca Manicone ◽  
Álvarez-García Cristina ◽  
Ortega-Donaire Lucía ◽  

Abstract Background: Living sexuality fully and without risk to one's health is an international priority. The youth age group has specific characteristics that make it a particularly vulnerable group for adverse consequences such as unwanted pregnancies or sexually transmitted infections. Health professionals are an important group to address this issue; however, to achieve a good result, sufficient knowledge is required to solve all the issues. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge of young university students studying toward a nursing or medical degree.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study of young medical and nursing students was conducted. The Sexuality and Contraceptive Knowledge Instrument scale was used to measure knowledge level. A bivariate analysis was conducted using the Mann–Whitney U test or the Kruskal–Wallis H test, depending on the number of categories of the independent variable. Finally, a multivariate analysis was conducted using a multiple linear regression model, establishing the level of knowledge as the dependent variable and all variables that obtained statistical significance in the bivariate analysis as predictors.Results: Participants had a good level of knowledge, with 77.9% answering 50% of the questions correctly. Before training, 34.15% of the participants did not pass 50% of the questions asked. This percentage decreased to 12.87% after receiving sexuality training during the university degrees. The main training gaps were found for the items on hormonal contraceptive methods. The bivariate analysis showed that female participants had significantly higher knowledge scores, as did those who had used a hormonal contraceptive method during the most recent intercourse or were aware of family planning centers. These variables maintained their significant effect at the multivariate level, obtaining two models with good explanatory power for participants of both university degrees. Conclusion: The general level of knowledge of the healthcare students was high and sufficient after receiving training during the university degree. The main training gap was found for items on hormonal contraceptive methods, which should be emphasized in future training programs.

José Ignacio Nazif-Munoz ◽  
Rose Chabot

AbstractSexual and reproductive health and rights policies (SRHRPs) and their association with reproductive and non-reproductive behavior require precise theoretical and methodological frames. By studying the case of Colombia, we move forward with a comprehensive framework that considers simultaneously multiple SRHRP conceptualizations and their impacts over time on induced pregnancy terminations (IPT). With a mixed-method approach, we first map the evolution of SRHRPs and then analyze their direct and indirect effects on IPTs, using the provision of contraceptive methods by the government, female use of contraceptive methods, and conversations with health professionals in a mediation approach. We build a unique data set from more than 2100 policy documents, and then use data on 81,760 women (20–40 years) from four waves (2000–2015) of Colombia’s Demographic and Health Surveys. We find that SRHRPs are directly associated with an 18% reduction in reported IPTs. Associations between these variables are explained by the increased use of modern contraceptive methods (6%), and the government’s provision of those contraceptive methods (13%). Studies interested in the impact of SRHRPs need to consider not only the direct effects of legal changes on abortion outcomes but also show changes over time may operate through different sub-programs embedded in these policies, such as access to contraceptive methods and family planning. This will add further nuances to how SRHRPs are both multilayered and implemented.

BMJ Open ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. e054188
Noudéhouénou Crédo Adelphe Ahissou ◽  
Lenka Benova ◽  
Thérèse Delvaux ◽  
Charlotte Gryseels ◽  
Jean-Paul Dossou ◽  

ObjectivesThe study aimed to assess the determinants of modern contraceptive method use among young women in Benin.DesignA mixed-methods design.Setting and participantsWe used the Benin 2017–2018 Demographic and Health Survey datasets for quantitative analysis. Data collection was conducted using multiple-cluster sampling method and through household survey. Qualitative part was conducted in the city of Allada, one of the Fon cultural capitals in Benin. The participants were purposively selected.OutcomesContraceptive prevalence rate, unmet need for modern method and percentage of demand satisfied by a modern method for currently married and sexually active unmarried women were measured in the quantitative part. Access barriers and utilisation of modern methods were assessed in the qualitative part.ResultsOverall, 8.5% (95% CI 7.7% to 9.5%) among young women ages 15–24 were using modern contraceptives and 13% (12.1% to 14.0%) among women ages 25 or more. Women 15–24 had a higher unmet need, and a lower demand satisfied by modern contraceptive methods compared with women ages 25 or more. 60.8% (56.9% to 64.7%) of all unmarried young women had unmet need for modern contraceptives. Young women were more likely to use male condoms which they obtain mainly from for-profit outlets, pharmacies and relatives. The factors associated with demand satisfied by a modern method were literacy, being unmarried, knowing a greater number of modern contraceptive methods and experiencing barriers in access to health services. On the other hand, the qualitative study found that barriers to using modern methods include community norms about pre-marital sexual intercourse, perceptions about young women’s fertility, spousal consent and the use of non-modern contraceptives.ConclusionContraceptive use is low among young women in Benin. The use of modern contraceptives is influenced by sociodemographic factors and social norms. Appropriate interventions might promote comprehensive sexuality education, increase community engagement, provide youth-friendly services and address gender inequalities.

2022 ◽  
Vol 62 (1) ◽  
pp. 114-121
Daniela Farah ◽  
Teresa Raquel de Moraes Andrade ◽  
Dayan Sansone ◽  
Manoel João Batista Castello Girão ◽  
Marcelo Cunio Machado Fonseca

Jaishree Bamniya ◽  
Devanshi Patel ◽  
Pooja Singh ◽  
Nisha Chakravarti

Background: India is projected to be the most populous country according to United Nations’ report; therefore, the knowledge and awareness of contraceptive methods is of utmost important for small family norms and to increase inter-pregnancy interval, so that we can achieve optimum maternal and child outcomes. This study was conducted to assess knowledge, awareness, and acceptance of contraceptive methods among reproductive-age women during Corona pandemic.Methods: A prospective observational questionnaire-based study involving 513 women belonging to the 15-49 years of age group were interviewed with consent. This was a knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) study regarding socio-demographic profile, knowledge, awareness, and acceptance of the contraceptive method.Results: Statistical analysis of data was done by using chi-square and percentage. Out of 513 participants, 63 participants were not using any method of contraception. Barrier method is the most commonly preferred method of contraception. There was significant association of education of women and husband, occupation with usage of contraception (p<0.001, p=0.016 and p<0.001). During corona pandemic acceptance of tubal ligation had taken a hit.Conclusions: During corona pandemic barrier method and oral contraceptive pills were preferred methods. In comparison with pre-COVID era data, tubal ligation was least preferred method. Acceptance of IUCD and Injectable contraception remained same. Higher education level and better financial status had correlation with increased awareness and acceptance of contraceptive methods.

Sara Planting-Bergloo ◽  
A. A. Orlander ◽  
B. Jakobson

AbstractIn this study we examine upper secondary students’ notions of contraceptive methods, as human reproduction and contraception are common content in sexuality education in Sweden and worldwide. Our data were constructed during an extensive educational sequence in natural science sexuality education and include audio recordings of 17–18-year-old students’ stories. Since the main body of the stories was about hormonal and digital contraception and contraceptive responsibility, these stories are the focal point of our analysis. Our study further aims to problematize, challenge, and develop education on contraceptive methods, and Donna Haraway’s theoretical perspectives have been particularly useful. We have in the analytical process linked Haraway’s cyborg image with her later work on tentacular thinking. Our result shows that scientific facts about human reproduction are important for the students’ ability to navigate between the advantages and disadvantages of various contraceptive methods. However, sexuality education turns out to not only be a matter of scientific facts. This study accentuates how natural science, historical, political, cultural, and market-oriented intertwinings affect students’ notions of contraception—and thereby also the construction of natural science sexuality education.

Maryam Fairag ◽  
Malak ALGhamdi ◽  
Abdulaziz Baghlaf ◽  
Bader Alallah ◽  
Turki Alharbi ◽  

Introduction: Family planning importance is increasing progressively and is regarded as an essential part in every couple’s life. Family planning has a lot of benefits for the whole family as it provides a better control over the period between each pregnancy leading to a better balance over the personal, financial, and societal life. There are multiple birth control methods, from which couples can choose from with the assistance of their physicians since each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. Furthermore, some contraceptive methods may be more suited for a certain couple or situation than another one. This review of current methods aims to shed the lights on the various contraception options along with their advantages and disadvantages to aid providers in taking care of their patients. Methodology: A thorough search was carried out on PubMed using the most suitable keywords representing the aim of the present study. A total of 120 were found and based on whether they are suited to achieve the aim of the study, 28 were selected. Discussion: There is a great variety of birth control methods, and each has its associated advantages and disadvantages. Barrier contraceptive methods, most common of which are male condoms, are extremely popular in Western countries. Combined hormonal contraception methods which are available in the form of pills, patches, and rings. Progestin only contraception either in the form of a pill, injection or an implant is the most commonly used type among breastfeeding women. Furthermore, intrauterine devices are another effective contraceptive method which may be copper-based or hormonal-based. Conclusion: Contraception is an integral part of family planning, which can be achieved through a variety of methods. Each birth control method has its own pros and cons that should be explained to the couple clearly, so they can choose the method that is most suited for them.

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