antihyperlipidemic activity
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2021 ◽  
Rasha M. Hassan ◽  
Islam H. Ali ◽  
Mohammed S. Abdel‐Maksoud ◽  
Heba M. I. Abdallah ◽  
Ahmed M. El Kerdawy ◽  

Swapnali S. Mankar ◽  
Muh. Younas ◽  
Awadhut Pimpale ◽  
Devyani Awari

Aim: In this article we compiled the whole plant of Helicteres.isora Linn showed excellent medicinal merits from ancient time belonging to the family Sterculiacea, which commonly known as murud sheng. Study Design: The Pharmacognostic study i.e. microscopic and macroscopic study with preliminary phytochemical test on different parts of plant performed in a Datta Meghe college of pharmacy,Datta meghe Institute of Medical sciences, Wardha, in collaboration with Balkh university,Mazar-e-Sharif during the period of January 2021 to Septmber 2021. Methodology: In the preliminary study focus on all pharmacognostic, by microscopic identification,by TLC, HPTLC by fingerprint application and phytochemical test of root extract, stem, leaf and fruit powder from different researchers study,  which showed the presence of carbohydrates, protein, alkaloids, cardiac glycoside, flavonoids, tannins, essential oil etc which shows number of medicinal merits Results: During the study all investigators investigate, different region shows minute change in organoleptic charecteristics as well as phytochemical constituents and pharmacological study exhibits activities like Fruit showed Antioxidant, Antidiabetic and Antihyperlipidemic activity, Bark extract showed Antihelmintic activity  , Root extract as  Anticancer. Conclusion: According to study we conclude that  Helicteres Isora Linn whole plant parts as well chemical constituents in every part is effective and used medicinally so further investigations are necessary to find out the active bio active molecules responsible to cure different disorders

2021 ◽  
Vol 924 (1) ◽  
pp. 012083
V T Widayanti ◽  
T Estiasih ◽  
E Zubaidah ◽  
M Taher

Abstract Angkak is one of the Monascus fermented products with rice as a substrate. In addition, Chinese yam, potatoes, soybean, ginseng and onions can be used as a substrate for fermentation products by Monascus sp. It was known that the fermented product by Monascus sp. produces several bioactive compounds that have antihyperlipidemic activity. These bioactive compounds are monacolin-K and pigment compounds (monascin and ankaflavin). Each of these compounds has different cholesterol inhibitory activity. The production of these bioactive compounds is strongly influenced by the nutritional composition of the fermentation media. The addition of the right carbon and nitrogen sources can accelerate the production of bioactive compounds by Monascus sp.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
Dyan Nugraha ◽  
Noor Wildiati Magfirah ◽  
Novia Henjani ◽  

Statins are first line therapy of antihyperlipidemia. It reduced LDL levels more than 50%. However, a serious side effects such as rhabdomyolisis which can lead to kidney failure. On other side, people often consumed boiled water of Temu Mangga’s Rhizome and/or Ketepeng Cina’s Leeaves as antihyperlipidemic. Both of them has a potential as adjuvant therapy. Purpose: To compare antihyperlipidemic activity of Temu Mangga’s Rhizome and Ketepeng Cina’s Leaves as alternative treatment. Method : Test animals were induced with High Fat Diet Food (HFDF) for the first 15 days, and with Temu Mangga’s Rhizome and Ketepeng Cina’s Leaves for the next 15 days. Study group: Simvastatin (positive control), Na CMC 0.5% (negative control), 450 mg/Kg BW; 900 mg/Kg BW; 1.800 mg/Kg BW of Temu Mangga’s Rhizome and 225 mg/Kg BW; 450 mg/Kg BW; and 900 mg/Kg BW Ketepeng Cina’s Leaves. Results: Temu Mangga 360 mg/200 gram BW was not significantly different from positive control in reducing total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and increasing HDL. Ketepeng Cina’s Leaves 180 mg/200 gram BW had the best effect, but it was not comparable to the positive control. Conclusion: 1.800 mg/Kg BW Temu Mangga’s Rhizome showed better antiyperlipidemic activity than 900 mg/Kg BW Ketepeng Cina’s Leaves.

Plants ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (7) ◽  
pp. 1417
Alethia Muñiz-Ramirez ◽  
Abraham Heriberto Garcia-Campoy ◽  
Rosa Martha Pérez Gutiérrez ◽  
Efrén Venancio Garcia Báez ◽  
José María Mota Flores

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious chronic degenerative disease characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. It is associated with an absolute or relative deficiency in the production and/or action of insulin. Some of the complications associated with DM are heart disease, retinopathy, kidney disease, and neuropathy; therefore, new natural alternatives are being sought to control the disease. In this work, we evaluate the antidiabetic effect of Spondias purpurea seed methanol extract (CSM) in vitro and in a glucose-induced diabetic zebrafish model. CSM is capable of lowering blood glucose and cholesterol levels, as well as forming advanced glycation end-products, while not presenting toxic effects at the concentrations evaluated. These data show that CSM has a promising antidiabetic effect and may be useful in reducing some of the pathologies associated with diabetes mellitus.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (No 1) ◽  
Pidaran Murugan

Hyperlipidemia is one of the major risk factors of cardiovascular complication in diabetes. A study was undertaken to evaluate the antihyperlipidemic activity of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC). Oral administration of THC (80mg/ kg bodyweight) to streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rats for 45 days, significantly reduced the elevated serum very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) – cholesterol levels and significantly increased the serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol. THC showed a better effect when compared with curcumin. Results of the present study indicate that THC showed antihyperlipidemic effect in addition to its antidiabetic effect in type 2 diabetic rats

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Poonam Raut ◽  
Shashikant Dhawale ◽  
Deepak Kulkarni ◽  
Sanjay Pekamwar ◽  
Santosh Shelke ◽  

Abstract Background Luffa cylindrica (L.) is a commonly used vegetable in different parts of Asia. Its fruits are generally used as a vegetable, but pharmacological activities of the leaves were unrevealed. The study evaluated the antihyperlipidemic activity and in vitro antioxidant potential of methanolic extract of Luffa cylindrica (L.) leaves (MELCL). The antihyperlipidemic potential was investigated in Triton X-100-induced hyperlipidemic rats. Animals were pre-treated with Triton X-100 (400 mg/kg). The Triton X-100-treated animals were then treated with MELCL at the doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg using 5% CMC, as a vehicle, per oral (p.o) for 7 days. Antioxidant activity was studied by examining the DPPH and hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging potential of the extract. Results The plasma sample of rats was analyzed, and it was found that MELCL shows significant (p < 0.05) antihyperlipidemic activity at 200 mg/kg of MELCL. Serum analysis showed a marked reduction in the level of multiple biochemicals like total cholesterol (TC) (85.48 ± 3.230 mg/dl), triglycerides (TG) (74.62 ± 8.764 mg/dl), low-density lipoproteins (LDL) (31.97 ± 3.475 mg/dl), very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) (14.92 ± 1.635 mg/dl), and an increase in the level of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) (40.58 ± 1.625 mg/dl). MELCL also showed significant scavenging of DPPH radical (46.66 ± 0.002%) at concentration and hydrogen peroxide radical (47.55 ± 0.001%) at 100 μg/ml. Conclusion Quantitative results of the study showed that MELCL has considerable antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant potential and could be the option for the treatment of atherosclerosis.

Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (2) ◽  
pp. 487
Hamza Mechchate ◽  
Imane Es-safi ◽  
Amal Amaghnouje ◽  
Smahane Boukhira ◽  
Amal A. Alotaibi ◽  

Coriandrum sativum L. seeds are traditionally used to treat diabetes and its complications (inflammation and formation of reactive oxygen species) around the world. The present study investigates the antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects of the polyphenol fraction of Coriandrum sativum seeds (PCS). Diabetic mice were orally administered with PCS (25 and 50 mg/kg b.w.) for 28 days. Oral glucose tolerance (OGTT) was also evaluated along with the anti-inflammatory effect, assessed by measuring paw edema development induced with carrageenan in Wistar rat and the antioxidant activity assessed using two tests (β-carotene discoloration and DPPH). Treatment of diabetic mice with PCS for four weeks managed their high fasting blood glucose levels, improved their overall health, also revealed an excellent antihyperlipidemic activity. The OGTT result showed a potent antihyperglycemic activity, and following the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, the PCS exhibited a perfect activity. LC-MS/MS result revealed the presence of 9 polyphenols. This modest work indicates that the PCS have an important antidiabetic, antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effect that can be well established treatment of diabetes and its complications.

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