Storage Temperature
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2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (6) ◽  
Renar João Bender ◽  
Jeffrey Karl Brecht ◽  
Elizabeth Amory Baldwin

ABSTRACT: Mango flavor is dependent on cultivar characteristics and postharvest handling procedures. Mangoes harvested with the ripening metabolism initiated develop better flavor than mangoes harvested at the mature-green stage. Different cultivars were harvested at both ripeness stages and evaluated to determine the effect of fruit ripeness, storage temperature and atmosphere on the volatiles present in aroma profiles. Mangoes of the cultivars Haden, Keitt and Tommy Atkins at distinct ripeness stages were stored in controlled atmospheres (CA) with 2, 5 or 21 kPa O2 plus 0, 10 or 25 kPa CO2 at 5, 8, 12 or 15 °C. Terpene concentrations of mangoes stored in air were higher than the concentrations in mangoes stored in CA. The sesquiterpene α-copaene did not present recognizable peaks in almost all elusion sequences. The same result was observed with the monoterpene β-pinene in cv. Haden and cv. Keitt mangoes while in ‘Tommy Atkins’ fruit β-pinene concentrations were below 1.06 µL.L-1. Ethanol and acetaldehyde concentrations were significantly higher in mangoes from 2 kPa O2 storage than those from air storage or the other CA treatments. Terpene synthesis in air or CA storage in all cultivars varied significantly, preventing generalizations as to what storage conditions favor or limit aroma components elution.

Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (22) ◽  
pp. 6784
Kulpavee Jitapunkul ◽  
Pisanu Toochinda ◽  
Luckhana Lawtrakul

Stable encapsulation of medically active compounds can lead to longer storage life and facilitate the slow-release mechanism. In this work, the dynamic and molecular interactions between plumbagin molecule with β-cyclodextrin (BCD) and its two derivatives, which are dimethyl-β-cyclodextrin (MBCD), and 2-O-monohydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPBCD) were investigated. Molecular dynamics simulations (MD) with GLYCAM-06 and AMBER force fields were used to simulate the inclusion complex systems under storage temperature (4 °C) in an aqueous solution. The simulation results suggested that HPBCD is the best encapsulation agent to produce stable host–guest binding with plumbagin. Moreover, the observation of the plumbagin dynamic inside the binding cavity revealed that it tends to orient the methyl group toward the wider rim of HPBCD. Therefore, HPBCD is a decent candidate for the preservation of plumbagin with a promising longer storage life and presents the opportunity to facilitate the slow-release mechanism.

2021 ◽  
pp. 46-49
Николай Борисович Кондратьев ◽  
Лариса Валентиновна Зайцева ◽  
Оксана Сергеевна Руденко ◽  
Егор Валерьевич Казанцев ◽  
Ирина Александровна Белова

Целью исследования являлось изучение влияния свойств орехового сырья на направление и скорость процессов миграции жиров в глазированных конфетах с пралиновыми корпусами. Исследование процессов миграции жиров между корпусом и глазурью в процессе хранения необходимо для прогнозирования сохранности и предотвращения органо-лептической порчи в результате осветления или умягчения глазури, а также «поседения» поверхности изделий. Предложен подход прогнозирования скорости процессов миграции жиров при хранении конфет с корпусами, изготовленными на основе орехового сырья, с использованием удельной скорости миграции жиров. Исследованы процессы миграции жиров в модельных образцах конфет с пралиновыми корпусами на основе арахиса, фундука, кешью, миндаля, покрытых глазурью с использованием заменителя масла какао лауринового типа при температуре хранения 18 °С. Показано, что удельная скорость миграции олеиновой кислоты на поверхность модельных образцов глазированных конфет с корпусами на основе арахиса превышает скорость миграции в конфетах с корпусами на основе кешью приблизительно в 20 раз. Полученные закономерности позволяют установить дополнительные требования к качеству используемого жирового сырья для уменьшения скорости миграции жиров. The aim of the work - the investigation of the influence of nut raw material properties on the direction and speed of fat migration processes in glazed sweets with praline cases. The study of fat migration processes between the body and the glaze during storage is necessary to predict the safety and prevent organoleptic spoilage as a result of lightening or softening of the glaze, as well as «graying» of the surface of the products. An approach to predicting the rate of fat migration processes during the storage of sweets with cases made on the basis of nut raw materials using the specific rate of fat migration is proposed. The processes of fat migration in model samples of sweets with praline cases based on peanuts, hazelnuts, cashews, almonds, glazed with glaze, with the use of a lauric-type cocoa butter substitute were investigated at a storage temperature of 18 °C. It is shown that the specific rate of migration of oleic acid to the surface of model samples of glazed sweets with peanut-based cases exceeds the migration rate in sweets with cashew-based cases by approximately 20 times. The obtained regularities allow us to establish additional requirements for the quality of the fat raw materials used to reduce the rate of fat migration.

Jayanth Sunderraj Hampapura ◽  
Varadaraj Mandyam Chakravarathy

The present investigation assesses the influence of cultural attributes and heat and cold treatments on the behaviour of native toxigenic L. monocytogenes CFR 1302 and non-toxigenic L. innocua CFR 1304 in selected medium. The growth responses of L. monocytogenes and L. innocua under the influencing factors of storage temperature (10-40°C), pH level (5.5-7.5), and storage period (6-48 h) in brain heart infusion and nutrient broths revealed closeness between observed and predicted populations. Response surface plots were generated for the growth behavior of the two test cultures as a function of pH level. The toxigenic L. monocytogenes CFR 1302 could reach a higher viable population. The effect of heat treatment on Listeria spp. in selected five heating menstra showed the lowest D-value of 3.7 min at 60°C for L. innocua CFR 1304 in Milli-Q water to the highest of 8.4 min at 56°C for L. monocytogenes CFR 1302 in skim milk. The average z-value across the heating menstra for L. monocytogenes was 27.3°C as against that of 22°C for L. innocua. In the case of cold treatment, storage of 4 and 8°C resulted in appreciable increase in counts of L. monocytogenes CFR 1302 from the initial inoculum introduced in selected media. At -20°C, there was a slight decrease in the viable population. The research data helps to predict the viable populations of L. monocytogenes as a part of risk assessment in the food chain. This is of significance in providing safe and healthy food to human population.

2021 ◽  
pp. 108201322110496
Fatih Tarlak ◽  
Fernando Pérez-Rodríguez

The main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of storage temperature on aerobically stored chicken meat spoilage using the two-step and one-step modelling approaches involving different primary models namely the modified Gompertz, logistic, Baranyi and Huang models. For this purpose, growth data points of Pseudomonas spp. were collected from published studies conducted in aerobically stored chicken meat product. Temperature-dependent kinetic parameters (maximum specific growth rate ‘µ max’ and lag phase duration ‘ λ’) were described as a function of storage temperature through the Ratkowsky model based on the different primary models. Then, the fitting capability of both modelling approaches was compared taking into account root mean square error, adjusted coefficient of determination (adjusted-R2) and corrected Akaike information criterion. The one-step modelling approach showed considerably improved fitting capability regardless of the used primary model. Finally, models developed from the one-step modelling approach were validated for the maximum growth rate data extracted from independent published literature using the statistical indexes Bias (Bf) and Accuracy (Af) factors. The best prediction capability was obtained for the Baranyi model with Bf and Af being very close to 1. The shelf-life of chicken meat as a function of storage temperature was predicted using both modelling approaches for the Baranyi model.

Foods ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (11) ◽  
pp. 2658
Tao Wang ◽  
Nana She ◽  
Mengnan Wang ◽  
Bo Zhang ◽  
Jiaxing Qin ◽  

The effects of storage temperature on the physicochemical properties and qualities of red brown rice were investigated in this study. The samples were vacuum-packed in nylon/polyethylene pouches and stored at 15 °C, 25 °C and 35 °C for 12 weeks. The moisture content decreased as storage time was prolonged. Rice stored at 15 °C and 25 °C had a lower falling range of water content compared to the samples stored at 35 °C. Free fatty acid values increased fastest when samples were stored at a high temperature, and the rise can be effectively delayed at low temperatures. The pH of residual cooking water and adhesiveness decreased, while the heating water absorption rate and hardness increased during storage for red and brown rice. Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance results indicate that water molecules migrated, the binding force of H protons became stronger and the bonds between molecules became closer with increased storage duration. Temperature had an obvious correlation with starch granules and protein structure, characterized by a scanning electron microscope and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Low temperatures significantly retarded those changes. The results indicate that storage temperature is a vital factor affecting the physicochemical properties and qualities of red brown rice and provided reference and theoretical basis for the actual storage of red brown rice.

Antibiotics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (11) ◽  
pp. 1319
Anne-Marie Luther ◽  
Thu Quynh Nguyen ◽  
Jutta Verspohl ◽  
Dagmar Waberski

Antibiotic use in semen extenders for livestock may contribute to the development and spreading of multi-drug resistance. Antimicrobial control in semen doses for artificial insemination of pigs is indispensable due to the relatively high storage temperature (17 °C). The objectives of this study were first, to examine whether the antimicrobial capacity differs between antibiotic-free extenders and second, to determine whether an antimicrobial active extender provides the possibility to reduce antibiotics. Antibiotic-free semen extenders Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS) and Androstar Premium were inoculated at 103 to 104 CFU/mL with four pure bacterial strains isolated from boar ejaculates or a mixture thereof, and then stored for 144 h at 17 °C. Bacterial counts after aerobic culture decreased in BTS up to one log level and decreased in Androstar Premium by 2 to 3.5 log levels (p < 0.05). In semen samples from nine boars stored in the inoculated Androstar Premium extender containing half of the standard concentration of gentamicin, bacteria counts were below 101 CFU/mL. Likewise, half of the standard dose of apramycin and ampicillin was fully antimicrobially active and sperm quality was maintained. In conclusion, semen extenders with intrinsic antimicrobial activity allow a reduction in antibiotic use in pig insemination.

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