total plate count
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2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (6) ◽  
Feren Feren ◽  
Sri Wahyuni ◽  
RH Fitri Faradilla

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the interaction effect of storage time and concentration of plantain peel extract and lemongrass on organoleptic characteristics (color, aroma, texture, and elasticity) and total microbes in chicken meatballs. This study used a 2-Factorial Completely Randomized Design method. The first factor was storage time with three levels, namely 0 days (T0), 2 days (T1), and 4 days (T2. Meanwhile, the second factor was the concentration of plantain peel and lemongrass extract with three levels, namely 0% (C0), 30% plantain peel extract + 20% lemongrass extract (C1), 20% banana peel extract + 30% lemongrass extract (C2), and 25% banana peel extract + 25% lemongrass extract (C3). Observation variables were organoleptic tests which included color, aroma, texture, elasticity, and shelf life after treatment based on the results of the total plate count (TPC) calculation. The results show that the 2-day storage period with the addition of 25% plantain peel extract and 25% lemongrass extract (T1C3) was the best treatment for organoleptic characteristics (color, aroma, texture, and elasticity). Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the administration of plantain peel extract and lemongrass was able to maintain the quality of chicken meatballs for two different days compared to the control. Treatment with a storage period of 2 days with 25% plantain peel extract and 25% lemongrass extract (T1C3) was the best treatment that was most favored by the panelists and had the least number of microbial colonies.Keywords: Meatballs, preservatives, banana peel extract and lemongrass, storage time.ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh interaksi lama penyimpanan dan konsentrasi ekstrak kulit pisang raja dan serai terhadap uji organoleptik (warna, aroma, tekstur dan kekenyalan) dan total mikroba pada bakso ayam. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial 2 Faktor. Faktor Pertama adalah lama penyimpanan yang terdiri dari tiga taraf yaitu 0 hari (T0), 2 hari (T1) dan 4 hari (T2), faktor kedua yaitu perlakuan ekstrak kulit pisang raja yang terdiri atas tiga taraf yaitu konsentrasi 0% (C0), konsentrasi ekstrak kulit pisang raja 30% + konsentrasi ekstrak serai 20% (C1), konsentrasi ekstrak kulit pisang raja 20% + konsentrasi ekstrak serai 30% (C2), konsentrasi ekstrak kulit pisang raja 25% + konsentrasi serai 25% (C3). Variabel pengamatan yaitu uji organoleptik yang meliputi warna, aroma, tekstur, kekenyalan dan daya simpan setelah perlakuan berdasarkan hasil perhitungan jumlah total plate count (TPC). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan lama penyimpanan 2 hari dengan penambahan ekstrak kulit pisang raja 25% dab serai 25% (T1C3) merupakan perlakuan terbaik untuk uji organoleptik (warna, aroma, tekstur dan kekenyalan). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak kulit pisang raja dan serai mampu mempertahankan kualitas bakso ayam selama dua hari yang berbeda dengan kontrol. Perlakuan dengan lama penyimpanan 2 hari dengan pemberianekstrak kulit pisang raja 25% dan serai 25% (T1C3) merupakan perlakuan terbaik yang paling disukai oleh panelis dan memiliki jumlah koloni mikroba paling sedikit.Kata kunci: Bakso, pengawet, ekstrak kulit pisang dan serai, lama penyimpanan

Ludfia Windyasmara ◽  
Ahimsa Kandi Sariri

Abstract This study aims to determine the effect of the microbiological quality of broiler chicken meat that is marinated using pineapple extracts with different storage times at refrigerator temperature (180C). The stages of this research consisted of 2 stages, namely the first stage of making pineapple extract from fresh pineapples and the second stage was the marination process in which the broiler chicken meat samples were marinated using pineapple extract with a concentration of 30%. The experimental design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with one treatment factor (0 days, 3 days, 6 days, 9 days and 12 days) with each treatment repeated 4 times, in order to obtain 5 x experimental units. 4 = 20 experimental units. The microbiological analysis observed was the inhibition zone analysis and Total Plate Count (TPC). Giving marination with pineapple extract to the storage time of chicken meat has a significant effect on the inhibition zone. The highest zone of inhibition was 3.23 mm (for 6 days) while the lowest zone of inhibition was 2.21 mm (for 0 days). Provision of pineapple extract marination on the storage time of broiler chicken has a significant effect on the TPC. The highest TPC was 2.29 (for 12 days) while the lowest TPC was 0.30 (for 0 days). Keywords: Broiler chicken; Marination; Microbiological quality; Pineapple extract.   Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kualitas mikrobiologi daging ayam broiler yang dimarinasi menggunakan ekstrak buah nenas dengan lama penyimpanan yang berbeda pada suhu refrigerator (180C). Tahapan penelitian ini terdiri dari 2 tahapan yaitu tahap pertama pembuatan ekstrak buah nenas yang berasal dari buah nenas segar dan tahap kedua adalah proses marinasi dimana sampel daging ayam broiler dimarinasi dengan menggunakan ekstrak buah nenas dengan konsentrasi 30%. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan satu faktor perlakuan (0 hari, 3 hari, 6 hari, 9 hari dan 12 hari) dengan masing-masing perlakuan diulang sebanyak 4 kali, sehingga diperoleh unit percobaan 5 x 4 = 20 unit percobaan. Analisis mikrobiologi yang diamati adalah analisis zona hambat dan Total Plate Count (TPC). Pemberian marinasi dengan ektrak buah nenas terhadap lama penyimpanan daging ayam berpengaruh nyata terhadap zona hambat. Zona hambat tertinggi 3,23 mm (selama 6 hari) sedangkan zona hambat terendah 2,21 mm (selama 0 hari). Pemberian marinasi ekstrak buah nenas terhadap lama penyimpanan daging ayam broiler berpengaruh nyata terhadap TPC. TPC tertinggi 2,29 (selama 12 hari) sedangkan TPC terendah 0,30 (selama 0 hari). Kata Kunci: Daging broiler; Ekstrak nanas; Kualitas mikrobiologi; Marinasi.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 308-314
E. Prayitno ◽  
R. Hartanto ◽  
D.W Harjanti

This study aims to examine the effect of the storage time of milk at a temperature of -18? on the chemical, physical and microbiological content due to different storage times. The goat's milk studied was the milk of the Sannen Crossbreed of the Sapera goat. Twenty samples were taken from the milking results on the same day. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with five treatments and four replications. Samples were grouped according to treatment, namely 0d (control) and 10d, 20d, 30d, 40d; stored for 10, 20, 30 and 40 days, respectively. The milk storage process is carried out using a freezer at a temperature of -18?. The physicochemical and microbiological parameters observed were protein, fat, lactose, solid-non-fat (SNF), total solid (TS), specific gravity, pH, total plate count (TPC), and coliform. Evaluation of milk quality is based on the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) and Thai Agricultural Standard (TAS). The results showed that storage time did not significantly affect the components of fat, protein, lactose, total plate count, and coliform (p> 0.05). In milk stored for 40 days, there were differences in the values of SNF, TS, specific gravity, and pH compared to control (p<0.05). In terms of chemical, physical and microbiological quality, Sapera goat's milk stored at -18? for 40 days still complies with SNI and TAS. The process of storing and freezing milk can be an alternative for preservation to ensure the physical and chemical quality of Sapera goat's milk.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 65
Lailatul Maghfiroh ◽  
A. T. Soelih Estoepangestie ◽  
Tri Nurhajati ◽  
Nenny Harijani ◽  
Mustofa Helmi Effendi ◽  

Food and nutritional quality of society is one of mine focuses of the government. Milk have complete nutrients but also can be the source food borne disease. The Veterinary Public Health itself has the responsibility to provide guarantees of food safety from animal resources which is called ASUH (safe, healthy, wholesome and halal) to be consumed by society. This study aimed to know the Total Plate Count of commercial pasteurized milk sold by street vendors in Mulyorejo Sub-district Surabaya. The study was conducted from January until February 2018 at the Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Thirty samples of commercial pasteurized milk were bought from three street vendors then examined using Pour Plate Method of Total Plate Count. Total Plate Count result showed that the number of bacteria in commercial pasteurized milk sold by street vendors in Mulyorejo Sub-district Surabaya was 1.0 x 104 CFU/ml, that met the National Standard of Indonesia (SNI) 01-3951-1995.

2021 ◽  
Liene Jansone ◽  
Solvita Kampuse ◽  
Zanda Kruma ◽  
Ivo Lidums

Fermented products have gained worldwide popularity for their nutritional and health aspects. Many studies have been done on this topic, including fermented cabbage (sauerkraut). Yet little or no studies are done on evaluation of fermented cabbage juice which is considered as by-product of sauerkraut production, still rich in bioactive compounds. In order to reduce food waste, sustainable solutions are being searched for to preserve valuable fermented cabbage juice. The aim of this study was to evaluate chemical and physical composition of concentrated fermented cabbage juice and their changes after storage. The fermented cabbage juice was concentrated on falling film evaporator from 9.2 till 34.3 °Brix. Physio-chemical (moisture, pH, total soluble solids, total phenol content, antiradical activity by DPPH and ABTS+, ascorbic acid, total sugar profile, nitrates and minerals) and microbiological (lactic acid bacteria, total plate count) analyses were carried out. Concentrated fermented cabbage juice is a source of minerals and phenol compounds as well as salt substitute in food applications. After 6 months of storage there is significant degradation of ascorbic acid but total phenol content is not affected. The evaporation process did not inhibit microbiological activity; as a result, there is a decrease in lactic acid bacteria but increase in total plate count.

Bambang Dwi Argo ◽  
Cici Damayanti ◽  
Anik Wulandari ◽  
Umi Mianadhiroh

This research aims to determine the effect of temperature and duration of thermal pasteurization process in Cavendish banana juice. Cavendish banana is an abundant cultivated banana that has not been used properly, which is a climacteric fruit that has increased ethylene production after harvesting. Cavendish bananas have great potential as fruit juice. Pasteurization was carried out at temperatures of 55, 60, 65, 70 and 75 ℃ for 5, 10, and 15 minutes. Pasteurization with higher temperature and time can increase the total dissolved sugar and viscosity as well as decrease the pH value and PPO enzyme activity. The reducing sugar content of Cavendish banana juice was determined using the DNSA method with the greatest value at 55 ℃ for 5 minutes, which is 9.53%. Meanwhile, the content of phenol and flavonoid was determined using the Krishnan and Sinija method. The highest value of phenol and flavonoid content at 60 ℃ for 5 minutes, was 0.1728 mg GAE/g and 0.1583 mg QE/g sample. Antioxidant activity was determined using the DPPH method and the greatest percentage of inhibition at 60 ℃ for 5 minutes, which is 61.60%. Vitamin C levels were identified by the UV-Vis spectrophotometry method with the greatest value at 55 ℃ for 5 minutes, which is 1.1409 mg /100 g. The Total Plate Count (TPC) of Cavendish banana juice decreased after pasteurization with the smallest total number of bacteria at 75 ℃ for 15 minutes, with a value of 3.2×101 CFU/ml. Pasteurization process at 75 ℃ for 15 minutes can reduce the activity of PPO enzyme as much as 97%. In the organoleptic test, preferred level of Cavendish banana juice to all attributes of the average hedonic scale with the category of the likes.

Vanessa James ◽  
Hiral Panchal

Aim and Objective: The objective of the present study is to determine microbial contamination in fresh and packaged commercial fruit juices (including a combination of Aloe vera with fruit juices) available in the Ahmedabad city of Gujarat, India. Materials and Methods: Seventeen samples were collected from various parts of the city which includes 9 commercial fruit juice samples and 8 street vended fresh fruit juice samples. Samples were examined for Total plate count, Yeast and mould count, coliform count, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella, Enterobacteriaceae, Listeria monocytogens and Vibrio Cholerae. Results: Commercial fruit juices do not exceed the FSSAI standards for fruit juices and are free of harmful pathogens making themsafe for human consumption. Street vended fresh fruit juice samples exceedthe FSSAI limit for Total Plate count, Yeast and mould count and Coliform count. Street vended Fresh fruit juices demonstratethepresence of Ecoli, Salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus in 75% (6/8) samples. Enterobacteriaceae were identified in street vended fruit juices which exceeds the FSSAI standard limit. Conclusion: The study demonstrates that commercial fruit juices were safe for human consumption but fresh juices showed significant microbial growth and harmful pathogens which must be controlled to ensure consumer’s safety and health. However regular monitoring of commercial and fresh fruit juices is recommended to avoid food borne illness resulting from pathogens encountered in the study.

2021 ◽  
Vol 924 (1) ◽  
pp. 012090
S Suryanti ◽  
T D Suryaningrun ◽  
D Ikasari

Abstract The purpose of this research is to identify the characteristics of shredded catfish (Clarias sp) processed with and without cooking oil and determine the shelf life by using the Arrhenius method. The shredded catfish was made by filleting the fish and soaking in a 2% vinegar solution for 10 minutes, and boiling the fillets for 15 minutes in a 2% salt solution mixed with 2% bay leaves and 2% lemongrass with the ratio of fillet: solution (1:2 (w/v)). The cooked fillets were then pressed, shredded into small pieces, and added with spices (2% red onion, 3% garlic, 15% granulated sugar, 1% coriander, 1% galangal, and 0.5% flavoring powder) and 20% coconut milk, then cooked until it dried. The shredded catfish was observed for its proximate values, while the shelf life was determined using the acceleration method (Arrhenius) at three different storage temperatures and day of observation, i.e. at 25°C was for 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 days; at 35°C was for 0, 7, 14, 21, 28 days and at 45°C was for 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 days. The parameters of observation for shredded catfish’s shelf life were peroxide value, Aw, total plate count (TPC), and sensory test (hedonic). The result of proximate value showed that the protein content of shredded catfish with oil was lower than without oil, while moisture content was higher for treatment using oil. The shelf life of shredded catfish with cooking oil was shorter than without cooking oil, estimated for 83 days at 25°C, 55 days at 35°C, 47 days at 45°C, compared to 155 days at 25°C, 103 days at 35°C, and 62 days at 45°C, respectively. This was supported by the panelist’s preferences for shredded catfish without oil at the end of the observation. These results indicate that the use of cooking oil during the cooking process of shredded catfish greatly affects the product’s shelf life.

2021 ◽  
Vol 934 (1) ◽  
pp. 012021
N Nursyirwani ◽  
D Yoswaty ◽  
D A Oktavia

Abstract Bacillus toyonensis has been isolated in Dumai mangrove ecosystem of Riau Province. One of factors affecting the growth of the bacteria is growth substrate. Tofu wastewater is rich in nutrition which can be used as substrate for bacterial growth. This research aimed to observe the growth of B. toyonensis in different concentration of tofu wastewater. The bacteria was grown in tofu wastewater at concentrations 8%, 10% and 12% was supplemented with 0.1 g K2HPO4, 0.15 g KH2PO4, 0.15 g NaCl and 0.5 g vitamin B12 in 100 mL distilled water. The bacterial growth was observed by using spectrophotometer at λ 610 nm and by analysis the total plate counts on plate count agar (PCA) at 0, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hour cultivation. Spectrophotometric observation showed that the highest bacterial growth of all tofu wastewater treatments indicated by the addition of 12% tofu wastewater, although the absorbance value was lower than culture in tryptic soy broth (TSB) as control. Exponential growth occurred between 0-24 hour incubation, and the highest growth indicated in substrate contained 12% tofu wastewater. Similarly, total plate count (TPC) analysis indicated that the highest bacterial growth of all treatment occurred at 24 hours incubation, and the highest count was also indicated by treatment of 12% tofu wastewater (2.42±0.06×108 CFU/mL). In conclusion, tofu wastewater can be an alternative substrate for the bacterial growth.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 100
Burhanudin Shodiq ◽  
Engkus Ainul Yakin ◽  
Ludfia Windyasmara

Chicken meat is one of the foodstuffs that have high nutritional value because it contains carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals and other substances that are beneficial to the body. Chicken meat is very high risk in terms of bacterial contamination, this study aims to determine the treatment of soaking native chicken meat in soursop leaf infusion on chemical and microbiological quality. This method uses a completely randomized design (CRD). The data obtained were analyzed statistically using Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA). If there is a significant significant difference between treatments, the test is continued with Duncan Multiple Range (DMRT). Parameters observed in this study include phenol test, total plate count test, and bacterial inhibition zone test. The results showed the chemical and microbiological quality of free-range chicken meat by soaking soursop leaf infusion for one hour and different storage times, namely the difference was not significant (P<0.1) in the phenol test, the difference was very significant (P<0.01) in the total test. plate count, and non-significant (P>0.1) in the bacterial inhibition zone test. The results showed a very significant difference in the total plate count test due to contamination during research or storage.

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