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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 800-806
Jing Cao ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  
Haiyan Zhou ◽  
Duojiao Fan ◽  
Hengzhou Li ◽  

Our study explores whether BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can regulate Wnt signal to inhibit the malignant biological behavior of glioma cells. Thirty healthy mice were selected to construct a glioma mouse model and assigned randomly into the control group, miR-141 NC group, and miR-141 mimic group followed by analysis of cell proliferation, apoptosis, protein expression and mRNA expression by MTT method, flow cytometry, Western blot and RT-PCR methods. Compared with the other two groups, miR-141 mimic group showed reduced number of cell proliferation at 24 h and 48 h, decreased cell migration and invasion ability, and the increased cell apoptosis rate (P < 0.05). In miR-141 mimic group, the protein expression of miR-141 was the highest, while the protein expression of β-catenin, survivin and c-myc was the lowest (P < 0.05). In conclusion, BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can inhibit the malignant biological behavior of GC cells possibly by inhibiting the activation of Wnt signaling pathway.

Fitriyanti Jumaetri Sami ◽  
Nunuk Hariani Soekamto ◽  
Tatsufumi Okino ◽  
Firdaus Firdaus ◽  
Jalifah latip

Isolation and characterization of quercetin flavonoid compound from Dutungan Island, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia has been successfully done from ethyl acetate extract. Extraction method used maceration, isolation used chromatography, anticancer activity with MTT method and antioxidant test used DPPH radical. Structure was discussed with the FT-IR, NMR spectrophotometer and compared with the literature. Total flavonoids from ethyl acetate extract were 4.8 mgEQ/g, IC50 value of antioxidant activity was 4.23 μg/ml using the DPPH method (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), and anticancer activity of H460 cells IC50 value was 10.95 μg/ml. The quercetin compound is potential as an anticancer and was first report in the T. decurrens Bory species.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (36) ◽  
pp. 170-171
Camila Siqueira ◽  
Rafaela Mendonça ◽  
Venicio Veiga ◽  
Mariah Marcondes ◽  
Jose Nelson Couceiro ◽  

Biotherapics are homeopathic remedies prepared from organic products that are chemically undefined and can be used for treatment of diseases like influenza. There are several classes of biotherapics and, among these, there are some called "living biotherapics" or "Roberto Costa’s Biotherapics". This study aimed to compare the cellular and biochemical effects of biotherapics prepared from intact influenza virus diluted in water and the one obtained from the same viral sample inactivated by ethanol 70% (v / v), both in the potencies of 12x and 30x. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses were performed on both preparations to assess the integrity of viral particles, which showed that ethanol 70% (v/v) induced a complete denaturation of viral particles. In contrast, the integrity of virus particles was preserved when water was used as the biotherapic solvent. Cellular and biochemical alterations induced by the preparations on MDCK cells were analyzed and compared with those induced by respective controls (water 30x-treated and untreated cells). Cellular viability analyzed by MTT method showed statistically significant differences (p

2021 ◽  
Vol 68 (4) ◽  
pp. 983-989
Cheng Liu

Two new and similar cobalt(III) complexes, [CoL2] · NO3 (1) and [CoL2] · Cl (2), where L is 5-bromo-2-((2-(phenylamino) ethylimino)methyl)phenolate, have been synthesized and characterized by IR and UV-Vis spectra. Structures of the complexes were confirmed by single crystal X-ray determination. The Co atoms in the complexes are in octahedral coordination, with the donor atoms come from the two Schiff base ligands, viz. phenolate oxygen, and imino and amino nitrogen. The anions of the cobalt salts crystallized as counteranions in the complexes. The complexes were assayed for antibacterial activities by MTT method.

Marwati Marwati ◽  
Andi Anggriani ◽  
Asril Burhan ◽  
Akbar Awaluddin ◽  
Syamsu Nur ◽  

Karamunting (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa L.), a plant used as a traditional medicine, is widely distributed throughout Indonesia. Karamuting has the potential as an antioxidant and anticancer agents because of its phenolic and flavonoid components. This study aimed to determine total phenolic level, antioxidant activity and cytotoxic of karamunting leaves extract. The simplisia of karamunting leaves were extracted by maceration method using 96% ethanol, tested for its antioxidant activity using DPPH and its citotoxic by MTT method (3- (4,5-dimethyltiazol-2-il) -2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) on WiDr cells and Vero cells. The results of this study showed that the yield of karamunting extract were 15.635% with a total phenolic level of 0.76%, antioxidant activity (IC50 values) of 15,330 μg / mL and cytotoxicity (IC50 values) of 205.7069 μg / mL for WiDr cells and 44.87703 μg / mL for Vero cells. Ethanol extract of karamunting leaves possessed a very strong antioxidant activity while it showed a weak cytotoxic effect on WiDr cells and toxic effect on Vero cells.Keywords: Antioxidant, Anticancer, Karamunting

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 2449-2453
Shaobin Liu ◽  
Zichen Liu ◽  
Changjuan Meng ◽  
Cuili Zhang ◽  
Wei Yu

Whether the miR-140-5p affects the biological activity of Tca8113 cells and MMP-9 in OSCC cell line was explored. Tca8113 cells were divided into Tc group (normal Tca8113 cells), Tm group (Tca8113 cell transfection+miR-140-5p mimic), and Nc group (Tca8113 cell transfection+miR-140-5p-negative control) followed by analysis of MMP-9 expression by western blot, cell migration by Transwell assay, cell viability by MTT method, and apoptosis by flow cytometry. Compared with TC group and NC group, mir-140-5p in TM group was significantly higher (P <0.05), however, the MMP-9 level of TM group was significantly lower (P <0.05).Western blot analysis showed that there was no significant difference (P <0.05) in the comparison of MMP-9 protein expression between TC group and NC group, and MMP-9 expression in the TM group was decreased significantly (P <0.05). MTT assay showed that the cell viability of TM group was increased slowly and lower than that of group (P <0.05). In conclusion, mir-140-5p can induce apoptosis of OSCC cell line Tca8113, which may be achieved by reducing the expression of MMP-9.

Mahnaz Jafari ◽  
Zahra Lorigooini ◽  
Soleiman Kheiri ◽  
Kourosh Manochehri Naeini

Background: We examined anti-Toxoplasma effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Terminalia chebula Retz (T. chebula) in cell culture and murine model. Methods: The study was conducted in Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2017. Half maximal effective (concentration (EC50) of T. chebula extract and pyrimethamine was determined in infected Hela cells by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method. In the animal model, BALB/c mice were injected with tachyzoites (104) of T. RH strain intraperitoneally. 24h after the injection, the test groups were orally treated with 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg of T. chebula extract for 7 days. The survival rate of the mice was determined and blood samples were collected to determine the amount of serum Malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant capacity. Then peritoneal fluid of the mice was collected to count the number of tachyzoites and after necropsy, the pathologic changes, including the weight of liver, spleen and kidneys were investigated. The analysis of data was accomplished using SPSS. Results: EC50 values were 94.7μg/mL and 290.50μg/mL for T. chebula and pyrimethamine respectively. In the animal model, the extract of T. chebula in concentration of 100 mg/kg showed the same anti-Toxoplasma effect as pyrimethamine. This concentration of the extract decreased number of intraperitoneal tachyzoites and increased the survival rate of the mice. This extract reduced the levels of serum MDA and tissue inflammation and increased serum antioxidant capacity. Conclusion: Regarding the positive effect of extract, after more clinical trials in the animal model and standardization of the extract, it can be used as an alternative or complementary therapy for toxoplasmosis.

Kumbakonam Balachandran Ilango ◽  
Senguttuvan Gowthaman ◽  
Kumbakonam Ilango Seramaan ◽  
Kumarappan Chidambaram ◽  
Mohammad F Bayan ◽  

Mucilage from Coccinia grandis was extracted, isolated by maceration technique and precipitated, accordingly. The mucilage was evaluated for its physicochemical, binding, and disintegrant properties in tablets using paracetamol as a model drug. The crucial physicochemical properties such as flow properties, solubility, swelling index, loss on drying, viscosity, pH, microbial load, cytotoxicity were evaluated and the compatibility was analysed using sophisticated instrumental methods (TGA, DTA, DSC, and FTIR). The binding properties of the mucilage were used at three different concentrations and compared with starch and PVP as standard binders. The disintegrant properties of mucilage were used at two different concentrations and compared with standard disintegrants MCCP, SSG, and CCS. The wet granulation technique was used for the preparation of granules and was evaluated for the flow properties. The tablets were punched and evaluated for their hardness, friability, assay, disintegration time, in vitro dissolution profiles. In vitro cytotoxicity study of the mucilage was performed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cell line using cytotoxic assay by MTT method. The outcome of the study indicated that the mucilage had good performance when compared with starch and PVP. Further, the mucilage acts as a good disintegrant than MCCP, SSG and CCS to paracetamol tablets. Moreover, the in vitro cytotoxicity evaluation results demonstrated that the mucilage is non-cytotoxic to human cells and is safe.

Bin Wang ◽  
Qiaoqiao Xu ◽  
Chenjian Zhou ◽  
Yu Lin

Objective: Liposomes co-loaded with ursolic acid and ginsenoside Rg3 (UA+Rg3-LIP) were prepared to study their effects on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Methods: Liposomes were prepared by reverse evaporation, and then UA+Rg3-LIP were prepared by the pH gradient method, and followed by liposome characterization. Next, the effects of UA+Rg3-LIP on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of HepG2 cells were investigated by MTT method and flow cytometry at the cell level. Results: The entrapment efficiency of UA in UA+Rg3-LIP was 78.52% and that of Rg3 was 71.68%, as assayed by low-temperature ultracentrifugation. The in vitro release rates of UA+Rg3-LIP and UA+Rg3 detected by the dialysis membrane method were 1–10 h. The release rate of UA+Rg3 was close to 100%; that of UA+Rg3-LIP was decreased after 10 h and approached 100% after 24 h. It was further confirmed by cell experiments that UA+Rg3-LIP could significantly reduce cells' viability while at the same time increase their apoptosis rate and raise the proportion of cells in the G0/G1 phase. Conclusion: Liposomes co-loaded with ursolic acid and ginsenoside Rg3 could affect cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle, thus slowing down the in vitro drug release ability of HCC.

2021 ◽  
Vol 913 (1) ◽  
pp. 012084
B Prihardina ◽  
S Fatmawati

Abstract Begonia medicinalis or known as benalu batu in Indonesia is a herbal plant that is locally used for traditional medicines. The secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, alkaloids, steroids, and terpenoids have been reported to be found in these plant extracts. The content of flavonoids can lead to anti-cancer abilities while heat-sensitive flavonoid compounds can be extracted by the Ultrasound-assisted Extraction (UAE) method. In this study, the anticancer potential of B. medicinalis extracts from the leaves (leaves extract/LE) and stem (stem extract/SE) in three cell lines (Hela, MDA-MB, HT-29) have been performed. Extraction of the leaves and stems was carried out using water as a solvent and the ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) method followed by measuring the total flavonoid content (TFC) of each extract. The anticancer potential was obtained from cytotoxic measurements by the MTT method on 3 types of cancer cells incubated with the extract for 24 hours. The value of total flavonoid content (TFC) in the LE was higher than that of SE extracts. Both extracts have the potential as a remedy for the treatment of cancer. Keywords: Begonia medicinalis, Ultrasound-assisted Extraction (UAE), anticancer

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