wnt signaling pathway
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 800-806
Author(s):  
Jing Cao ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  
Haiyan Zhou ◽  
Duojiao Fan ◽  
Hengzhou Li ◽  
...  

Our study explores whether BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can regulate Wnt signal to inhibit the malignant biological behavior of glioma cells. Thirty healthy mice were selected to construct a glioma mouse model and assigned randomly into the control group, miR-141 NC group, and miR-141 mimic group followed by analysis of cell proliferation, apoptosis, protein expression and mRNA expression by MTT method, flow cytometry, Western blot and RT-PCR methods. Compared with the other two groups, miR-141 mimic group showed reduced number of cell proliferation at 24 h and 48 h, decreased cell migration and invasion ability, and the increased cell apoptosis rate (P < 0.05). In miR-141 mimic group, the protein expression of miR-141 was the highest, while the protein expression of β-catenin, survivin and c-myc was the lowest (P < 0.05). In conclusion, BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can inhibit the malignant biological behavior of GC cells possibly by inhibiting the activation of Wnt signaling pathway.


Genes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 143
Author(s):  
Mariann M. Gabrawy ◽  
Nick Khosravian ◽  
George S. Morcos ◽  
Tatiana V. Morozova ◽  
Meagan Jezek ◽  
...  

Despite impressive results in restoring physical performance in rodent models, treatment with renin–angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors, such as Lisinopril, have highly mixed results in humans, likely, in part, due to genetic variation in human populations. To date, the genetic determinants of responses to drugs, such as RAS inhibitors, remain unknown. Given the complexity of the relationship between physical traits and genetic background, genomic studies which predict genotype- and age-specific responses to drug treatments in humans or vertebrate animals are difficult. Here, using 126 genetically distinct lines of Drosophila melanogaster, we tested the effects of Lisinopril on age-specific climbing speed and endurance. Our data show that functional response and sensitivity to Lisinopril treatment ranges from significant protection against physical decline to increased weakness depending on genotype and age. Furthermore, genome-wide analyses led to identification of evolutionarily conserved genes in the WNT signaling pathway as being significantly associated with variations in physical performance traits and sensitivity to Lisinopril treatment. Genetic knockdown of genes in the WNT signaling pathway, Axin, frizzled, nemo, and wingless, diminished or abolished the effects of Lisinopril treatment on climbing speed traits. Our results implicate these genes as contributors to the genotype- and age-specific effects of Lisinopril treatment and because they have orthologs in humans, they are potential therapeutic targets for improvement of resiliency. Our approach should be widely applicable for identifying genomic variants that predict age- and sex-dependent responses to any type of pharmaceutical treatment.


Life ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 114
Author(s):  
Ahmed Al Saqr ◽  
El-Sayed Khafagy ◽  
Mohammed F. Aldawsari ◽  
Khaled Almansour ◽  
Amr S. Abu Lila

Furanodienone (FDN), a major bioactive component of sesquiterpenes produced from Rhizoma curcumae, has been repeatedly acknowledged for its intrinsic anticancer efficacy against different types of cancer. In this study, we aimed to investigate the cytotoxic potential of furanodienone against human lung cancer (NSCLC A549) cells in vitro, as well as its underlying molecular mechanisms in the induction of apoptosis. Herein, we found that FDN significantly inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, treatment with FDN potentially triggered apoptosis in A549 cells via not only disrupting the nuclear morphology, but by activating capsase-9 and caspase-3 with concomitant modulation of the pro- and antiapoptotic gene expression as well. Furthermore, FDN revealed its competence in inducing cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase in A549 cells, which was associated with decreased expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), along with increased expression of CDK inhibitor p21Cip1. Intriguingly, FDN treatment efficiently downregulated the Wnt signaling pathway, which was correlated with increased apoptosis, as well as cell cycle arrest, in A549 cells. Collectively, FDN might represent a promising adjuvant therapy for the management of lung cancer.


Biomedicines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 143
Author(s):  
Chun-Chun Chang ◽  
Sheng-Feng Pan ◽  
Min-Huang Wu ◽  
Chun-Tse Cheng ◽  
Yan-Rui Su ◽  
...  

The abnormal Wnt signaling pathway leads to a high expression of β-catenin, which causes several types of cancer, particularly colorectal cancer (CRC). The inhibition of tankyrase (TNKS) activity can reduce cancer cell growth, invasion, and resistance to treatment by blocking the Wnt signaling pathway. A pharmacophore search and pharmacophore docking were performed to identify potential TNKS inhibitors in the training databases. The weighted MM/PBSA binding free energy of the docking model was calculated to rank the databases. The reranked results indicated that 26.98% of TNKS inhibitors that were present in the top 5% of compounds in the database and near an ideal value ranked 28.57%. The National Cancer Institute database was selected for formal virtual screening, and 11 potential TNKS inhibitors were identified. An enzyme-based experiment was performed to demonstrate that of the 11 potential TNKS inhibitors, NSC295092 and NSC319963 had the most potential. Finally, Wnt pathway analysis was performed through a cell-based assay, which indicated that NSC319963 is the most likely TNKS inhibitor (pIC50 = 5.59). The antiproliferation assay demonstrated that NSC319963 can decrease colorectal cancer cell growth; therefore, the proposed method successfully identified a novel TNKS inhibitor that can alleviate CRC.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Elizabeth S Van Itallie ◽  
Christine M Field ◽  
Timothy J Mitchison ◽  
Marc W Kirschner

Wnt11 family proteins are ligands that activate a type of Dishevelled-mediated, non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Loss of function causes defects in gastrulation and/or anterior-posterior axis extension in all vertebrates. Non-mammalian vertebrate genomes encode two Wnt11 family proteins whose distinct functions have been unclear. We knocked down zygotic Wnt11b and Wnt11, separately and together, in Xenopus laevis. Single morphants exhibited very similar phenotypes of delayed blastopore closure, but they had different phenotypes at the tailbud stage. In response to their very similar gastrulation phenotypes, we chose to characterize dual morphants. Using dark field illuminated time-lapse imaging and kymograph analysis, we identified a failure of dorsal blastopore lip maturation that correlated with slower blastopore closure and failure to internalize the endoderm at the dorsal blastopore lip. We connected these externally visible phenotypes to cellular events in the internal tissues – including the archenteron – by imaging intact embryos stained for anillin and microtubules. The cleavage furrow protein anillin provided an exceptional cytological marker for blastopore lip and archenteron morphogenesis and the consequent disruption through loss of Wnt11 signaling. These cytological changes suggest a novel role for the regulation of contractility and stiffness of the epithelial cells that result in dramatic shape changes and are important in gastrulation.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kacey VanderVorst ◽  
Courtney Dreyer ◽  
Jason Hatakeyama ◽  
George RR Bell ◽  
Anastasia L Berg ◽  
...  

As evidence supporting essential roles for collective cell migration in carcinoma metastasis continues to accumulate, a better understanding of the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms will be critical to translating these findings to the treatment of advanced cancers. Here we report that Wnt/PCP, a non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway, mediates breast cancer collective migration and metastasis. We observe that mammary gland-specific knockout of Vangl2, a tetraspanin-like scaffolding protein required for Wnt5a-induced signaling and motility in cultured breast cancer cell lines, results in a striking decrease in metastatic efficiency but not primary tumor growth in the MMTV-NDL transgenic mouse model of HER2-positive breast cancer. We also observe that expression levels of core Wnt/PCP components Wnt5a, Vangl1 and Vangl2 are selectively elevated in K14-positive leader cells relative to follower cells within a collectively migrating cohort, and that Vangl2 expression selectively promotes RhoA activation in leading edge cells. Moreover, Vangl expression drives collective migration in three-dimensional ex vivo tumor organoids, and Vangl protein specifically accumulates within pro-migratory filamentous actin-rich protrusions of leader cells. Together, our observations point to a model whereby Wnt/PCP upregulation facilitates breast tumor collective cell motility by selectively augmenting the formation pro-migratory protrusions within leader cells.


2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Liya Li ◽  
Wangxiao He ◽  
Weiming You ◽  
Jin Yan ◽  
Wenjia Liu

Abstract Background Clinical translation of therapeutic nuclear acid, particularly those targeting tumor progression, has been hampered by the intrinsic weaknesses of nuclear acid therapeutic including poor systemic stability, rapid clearance, low membrane permeability and lack of targeting ability. Small nuclear acid engineered into carrier-free nanodrugs with structural stability and disease targeting may be viable to overcome pharmaceutical obstacles of nuclear acid. Methods A general method through a mild and simple chemistry was established to convert therapeutic miRNA into an infinite Auric-sulfhydryl coordination supramolecular miRNA termed IacsRNA with near-spherical nanostructure, high colloid as well as anti-hydrolysis stability and low macrophage uptakes. Results IacsRNA presented the increased half-life period in circulation and accumulation at tumor sites in comparison to normal miRNA. Moreover, Iacs-miR-30c showed no toxicity of viscera and sanguis system in the 5-time injection dosage of the treatment. More importantly, Iacs-miR-30c potently suppressed the Wnt signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo, and effectively sensitized both potency of 5-Fu in PDX model of colon cancer and Anti-PD1 in B16F10 homograft model of melanoma. Conclusion Collectively, this work amply confirmed the design of IacsRNA as a general and viable strategy of nano-pharmaceutic to concert flimsy therapeutic miRNA into potential drugs. Considering from a broader perspective, the miRNA-initiated infinite coordination self-assembly strategy has distinct advantages in resurrecting nuclear acid therapeutics, probably bringing new inspiration to RNA-derived therapeutics of a great variety of human diseases including cancer. Graphical Abstract


Author(s):  
Haiying Wang ◽  
Ran Zhang ◽  
Xinjie Wu ◽  
Yafen Chen ◽  
Wei Ji ◽  
...  

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a serious kidney-related complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM, T2DM) and the second major cause of end-stage kidney disease. DN can lead to hypertension, edema, and proteinuria. In some cases, DN can even progress to kidney failure, a life-threatening condition. The precise etiology and pathogenesis of DN remain unknown, although multiple factors are believed to be involved. The main pathological manifestations of DN include mesangial expansion, thickening of the glomerular basement membrane, and podocyte injury. Eventually, these pathological manifestations will lead to glomerulosclerosis, thus affecting renal function. There is an urgent need to develop new strategies for the prevention and treatment of DN. Existing evidence shows that the Wnt signaling cascade plays a key role in regulating the development of DN. Previous studies focused on the role of the Wnt canonical signaling pathway in DN. Subsequently, accumulated evidence on the mechanism of the Wnt non-canonical signaling indicated that Wnt/Ca2+ and Wnt/PCP also have essential roles in the progression of DN. In this review, we summarize the specific mechanisms of Wnt signaling in the occurrence and development of DN in podocyte injury, mesangial cell injury, and renal fibrosis. Also, to elucidate the significance of the Wnt canonical pathway in the process of DN, we uncovered evidence supporting that both Wnt/PCP and Wnt/Ca2+ signaling are critical for DN development.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yun Zhu ◽  
Peng Li ◽  
Xingang Dan ◽  
Xingang Kang ◽  
Yun Ma ◽  
...  

Abstract The mechanism of physiological regulation of bovine skeletal muscle development is a complex process, and FHL2 has been studied in association with β-catenin activity and has previously been reported to play a role in skeletal muscle.However the mechanism of FHL2 action in regulating skeletal muscle development in bovine skeletal myosatellite is unclear. Here, we report that FHL2 can both promote the proliferation and differentiation of bovine myosatellite cells through the wnt signaling pathway and bovine skeletal muscle satellite cells through cellular autophagy. The results of western blotting, rt-qPCT, cell transfection assay showed that FHL2 gene expression was enhanced during the proliferation of skeletal muscle satellite cells, and FHL2 knockdown inhibited the proliferation and differentiation of bovine satellite cells and promoted the atrophy of myotubes. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation assays yielded that FHL2 knockdown decreased β-catenin activity in BMSCs and activated β-catenin-mediated wnt signaling pathway in combination with DVL-2, and that FHL2 knockdown induced autophagy in bovine satellite cells. Therefore, the FHL2 gene is a key gene in the regulation of bovine satellite cells.


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