mutant p53
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2022 ◽  
pp. molcanres.MCR-21-0149-A.2021
Shengliang Zhang ◽  
Lanlan Zhou ◽  
Wafik S. El-Deiry

Xiaolei Gao ◽  
Xuan Zheng ◽  
Yixin Zhang ◽  
Liying Dong ◽  
Liangjie Sun ◽  

Background: p53 mutations are highly frequent in various human cancers and are reported to contribute to tumor malignance and chemoresistance. In this study, we explored the mechanism by which mutant p53 promotes carcinogenesis and chemoresistance and provided novel insights into cancer therapy.Materials and methods: A total of 409 patients with colorectal carcinoma from TCGA database were subdivided into two groups according to the p53 status, namely, mutant p53 and wild-type p53, following with GSEA analysis. The differences of the clinicopathologic index were also analyzed. Two HCT116 cell lines containing hot spots at codons R273H and R248W of p53 were constructed based on HCT116 with knockout p53, respectively. Cell viability, mobility, clonogenesis, and stemness were detected by CCK8, transwell migration and invasion, colonogenic, and sphere formation assays. Resistance to 5-FU was examined by live-dead staining and flow cytometry. qPCR, Western blot, and luciferase reporter assay were performed to identify that deficient or mutant p53 promoted chemoresistance of the colorectal carcinoma cell line HCT116 through the TCF21/CD44 signaling pathway, with the following rescue assays by overexpression of TCF21 and knockdown of CD44.Results: Patients with recurrence harbor a higher frequency of mutant p53 than those without recurrence (p < 0.05). The mutant p53 group developed a larger tumor than the wild-type one. GSEA analysis showed that oncogenic signatures were enriched in the mutant p53 group. Extracellular assays showed that cancer cells with deficient or mutant p53 (R273H and R248W, respectively) promoted colon cancer cell growth, migration, invasion, and stemness. The mutant cancer cells were also observed to be significantly resistant to 5-FU. Xenografts also confirmed that HCT116 cells harboring deficient or mutant p53 promoted cancer growth and 5-FU tolerance. Luciferase reporter assay showed that deficient or mutant p53 R237H and R248W endowed cancer cells with chemoresistance by activating CD44 via repressing the nuclear transcription factor TCF21 expression. Overexpression of TCF21 or knockdown of CD44 could rescue the sensitivity to 5-FU in deficient and mutant p53 HCT116 cell lines.Conclusion: Our results, for the first time, reveal a novel deficient or mutant p53/TCF21/CD44 signaling pathway which promotes chemoresistance in colorectal carcinoma. The axis could be an effective therapeutic strategy against deficient- or mutant p53-driven chemoresistance.

Shengliang Zhang ◽  
Lindsey Carlsen ◽  
Liz Hernandez Borrero ◽  
Attila A. Seyhan ◽  
Xiaobing Tian ◽  

TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene that encodes a sequence-specific DNA-binding transcription factor activated by stressful stimuli and upregulates target genes involved in growth suppression, cell death, DNA repair, metabolism, among others. P53 is the most frequently mutated gene in tumors with mutations not only leading to loss-of-function (LOF), but also gain-of-function (GOF) which promotes tumor progression, and metastasis. The tumor-specific status of mutant p53 protein has suggested it is a promising target for cancer therapy. We summarize the current progress of targeting wild-type and mutant p53 for cancer therapy through biotherapeutic and biopharmaceutical methods for 1) boosting p53 activity in cancer, 2) p53-dependent and p53-independent strategies for targeting p53 pathway functional restoration in p53-mutated cancer, 3) targeting p53 in immunotherapy, and 4) combination therapies targeting p53, p53 checkpoints, or mutant p53 for cancer therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yannick von Grabowiecki ◽  
Vinaya Phatak ◽  
Lydia Aschauer ◽  
Patricia A. J. Muller

Rab11-FIP1 is a Rab effector protein that is involved in endosomal recycling and trafficking of various molecules throughout the endocytic compartments of the cell. The consequence of this can be increased secretion or increased membrane expression of those molecules. In general, expression of Rab11-FIP1 coincides with more tumourigenic and metastatic cell behaviour. Rab11-FIP1 can work in concert with oncogenes such as mutant p53, but has also been speculated to be an oncogene in its own right. In this perspective, we will discuss and speculate upon our observations that mutant p53 promotes Rab11-FIP1 function to not only promote invasive behaviour, but also chemoresistance by regulating a multitude of different proteins.

Oncogene ◽  
2021 ◽  
Boris Klimovich ◽  
Nastasja Merle ◽  
Michelle Neumann ◽  
Sabrina Elmshäuser ◽  
Andrea Nist ◽  

AbstractThe tumor suppressive transcription factor p53 is frequently inactivated in cancer cells by missense mutations that cluster in the DNA binding domain. 30% hit mutational hotspot residues, resulting in a complete loss of transcriptional activity and mutant p53-driven chemotherapy resistance. Of the remaining 70% of non-hotspot mutants, many are partial loss-of-function (partial-LOF) mutants with residual transcriptional activity. The therapeutic consequences of a partial-LOF have remained largely elusive. Using a p53 mutation engineered to reduce DNA binding, we demonstrate that partial-LOF is sufficient to enhance oncogene-driven tumorigenesis in mouse models of lung and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and acute myeloid leukemia. Interestingly, mouse and human tumors with partial-LOF mutations showed mutant p53 protein accumulation similar as known for hotspot mutants. Different from the chemotherapy resistance caused by p53-loss, the partial-LOF mutant sensitized to an apoptotic chemotherapy response and led to a survival benefit. Mechanistically, the pro-apoptotic transcriptional activity of mouse and human partial-LOF mutants was rescued at high mutant protein levels, suggesting that accumulation of partial-LOF mutants enables the observed apoptotic chemotherapy response. p53 non-hotspot mutants with partial-LOF, therefore, represent tumorigenic p53 mutations that need to be distinguished from other mutations because of their beneficial impact on survival in a therapy context.

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (24) ◽  
pp. 6169
Robyn A. Umans ◽  
Joelle Martin ◽  
Megan E. Harrigan ◽  
Dipan C. Patel ◽  
Lata Chaunsali ◽  

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a deadly brain tumor with a large unmet therapeutic need. Here, we tested the hypothesis that wild-type p53 is a negative transcriptional regulator of SLC7A11, the gene encoding the System xc- (SXC) catalytic subunit, xCT, in GBM. We demonstrate that xCT expression is inversely correlated with p53 expression in patient tissue. Using representative patient derived (PDX) tumor xenolines with wild-type, null, and mutant p53 we show that p53 expression negatively correlates with xCT expression. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation studies, we present a molecular interaction whereby p53 binds to the SLC7A11 promoter, suppressing gene expression in PDX GBM cells. Accordingly, genetic knockdown of p53 increases SLC7A11 transcript levels; conversely, over-expressing p53 in p53-null GBM cells downregulates xCT expression and glutamate release. Proof of principal studies in mice with flank gliomas demonstrate that daily treatment with the mutant p53 reactivator, PRIMA-1Met, results in reduced tumor growth associated with reduced xCT expression. These findings suggest that p53 is a molecular switch for GBM glutamate biology, with potential therapeutic utility.

Tzitzijanik Madrigal ◽  
Jesús Hernández-Monge ◽  
Luis A Herrera ◽  
Claudia Haydée González-De la Rosa ◽  
Guadalupe Domínguez-Gómez ◽  

The p53 roles have been largely described; among them, cell proliferation and apoptosis control are some of the best studied and understood. Interestingly, the mutations on the six hotspot sites within the region that encodes the DNA-binding domain of p53 give rise to other very different variants. The particular behavior of these variants led to consider p53 mutants as separate oncogene entities; that is, they do not retain wild type functions but acquire new ones, namely Gain-of-function p53 mutants. Furthermore, recent studies have revealed how p53 mutants regulate gene expression and exert oncogenic effects by unbalancing specific microRNAs (miRNAs) levels that provoke epithelial-mesenchymal transition, chemoresistance, and cell survival, among others. In this review, we discuss recent evidence of the crosstalk between miRNAs and mutants of p53, as well as the consequent cellular processes dysregulated.

Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 2067
Eduardo García-Garrido ◽  
Marco Cordani ◽  
Álvaro Somoza

Mutant p53 proteins result from missense mutations in the TP53 gene, the most mutated in human cancer, and have been described to contribute to cancer initiation and progression. Therapeutic strategies for targeting mutant p53 proteins in cancer cells are limited and have proved unsuitable for clinical application due to problems related to drug delivery and toxicity to healthy tissues. Therefore, the discovery of efficient and safe therapeutic strategies that specifically target mutant p53 remains challenging. In this study, we generated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) chemically modified with low molecular branched polyethylenimine (bPEI) for the efficient delivery of gapmers targeting p53 mutant protein. The AuNPs formulation consists of a combination of polymeric mixed layer of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and PEI, and layer-by-layer assembly of bPEI through a sensitive linker. These nanoparticles can bind oligonucleotides through electrostatic interactions and release them in the presence of a reducing agent as glutathione. The nanostructures generated here provide a non-toxic and powerful system for the delivery of gapmers in cancer cells, which significantly downregulated mutant p53 proteins and altered molecular markers related to cell growth and apoptosis, thus overcoming chemoresistance to gemcitabine.

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