p53 protein
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2022 ◽  
Vol 29 ◽  
Sebastian M. Klein ◽  
Maria Bozko ◽  
Astrid Toennießen ◽  
Nisar P. Malek ◽  
Przemyslaw Bozko

Background: Ovarian cancer is one of the most aggressive types of gynecologic cancers. Many patients have a relapse within two years after diagnosis and subsequent therapy. Among different genetic changes generally believed to be important for the development of cancer, TP53 is the most common mutation in the case of ovarian tumors. Objective: Our work aims to compare the outcomes of different comparisons based on the overall survival of ovarian cancer patients, determination of TP53 status, and amount of p53 protein in tumor tissues. Methods: We analyzed and compared a collective of 436 ovarian patient’s data. Extracted data include TP53 mutation status, p53 protein level, and information on the overall survival. Values for p53 protein level in dependence of TP53 mutation status were compared using the Independent-Samples t-Test. Survival analyses were displayed by Kaplan-Meier plots, using the log-rank test to check for statistical significance. Results: We have not found any statistically significant correlations between determination of TP53 status, amount of p53 protein in tumor tissues, and overall survival of ovarian cancer patients. Conclusion: In ovarian tumors both determination of TP53 status as well as p53 protein amount has only limited diagnostic importance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Tycho de Bakker ◽  
Fabrice Journe ◽  
Géraldine Descamps ◽  
Sven Saussez ◽  
Tatiana Dragan ◽  

TP53 mutation is one of the most frequent genetic alterations in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and results in an accumulation of p53 protein in tumor cells. This makes p53 an attractive target to improve HNSCC therapy by restoring the tumor suppressor activity of this protein. Therapeutic strategies targeting p53 in HNSCC can be divided into three categories related to three subtypes encompassing WT p53, mutated p53 and HPV-positive HNSCC. First, compounds targeting degradation or direct inhibition of WT p53, such as PM2, RITA, nutlin-3 and CH1iB, achieve p53 reactivation by affecting p53 inhibitors such as MDM2 and MDMX/4 or by preventing the breakdown of p53 by inhibiting the proteasomal complex. Second, compounds that directly affect mutated p53 by binding it and restoring the WT conformation and transcriptional activity (PRIMA-1, APR-246, COTI-2, CP-31398). Third, treatments that specifically affect HPV+ cancer cells by targeting the viral enzymes E6/E7 which are responsible for the breakdown of p53 such as Ad-E6/E7-As and bortezomib. In this review, we describe and discuss p53 regulation and its targeting in combination with existing therapies for HNSCC through a new classification of such cancers based on p53 mutation status and HPV infection.

Shengliang Zhang ◽  
Lindsey Carlsen ◽  
Liz Hernandez Borrero ◽  
Attila A. Seyhan ◽  
Xiaobing Tian ◽  

TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene that encodes a sequence-specific DNA-binding transcription factor activated by stressful stimuli and upregulates target genes involved in growth suppression, cell death, DNA repair, metabolism, among others. P53 is the most frequently mutated gene in tumors with mutations not only leading to loss-of-function (LOF), but also gain-of-function (GOF) which promotes tumor progression, and metastasis. The tumor-specific status of mutant p53 protein has suggested it is a promising target for cancer therapy. We summarize the current progress of targeting wild-type and mutant p53 for cancer therapy through biotherapeutic and biopharmaceutical methods for 1) boosting p53 activity in cancer, 2) p53-dependent and p53-independent strategies for targeting p53 pathway functional restoration in p53-mutated cancer, 3) targeting p53 in immunotherapy, and 4) combination therapies targeting p53, p53 checkpoints, or mutant p53 for cancer therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (4) ◽  
pp. e46
Sonali Rath ◽  
Manaswini Jagadeb ◽  
Ruchi Bhuyan

Moringa oleifera is nowadays raising as the most preferred medicinal plant, as every part of the moringa plant has potential bioactive compounds which can be used as herbal medicines. Some bioactive compounds of M. oleifera possess potential anti-cancer properties which interact with the apoptosis protein p53 in cancer cell lines of oral squamous cell carcinoma. This research work focuses on the interaction among the selected bioactive compounds derived from M. oleifera with targeted apoptosis protein p53 from the apoptosis pathway to check whether the bioactive compound will induce apoptosis after the mutation in p53. To check the toxicity and drug-likeness of the selected bioactive compound derived from M. oleifera based on Lipinski’s Rule of Five. Detailed analysis of the 3D structure of apoptosis protein p53. To analyze protein’s active site by CASTp 3.0 server. Molecular docking and binding affinity were analyzed between protein p53 with selected bioactive compounds in order to find the most potential inhibitor against the target. This study shows the docking between the potential bioactive compounds with targeted apoptosis protein p53. Quercetin was the most potential bioactive compound whereas kaempferol shows poor affinity towards the targeted p53 protein in the apoptosis pathway. Thus, the objective of this research can provide an insight prediction towards M. oleifera derived bioactive compounds and target apoptosis protein p53 in the structural analysis for compound isolation and in-vivo experiments on the cancer cell line.

Cells ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 93
Svetlana V. Demyanenko ◽  
Maria A. Pitinova ◽  
Valentina A. Dzreyan ◽  
Yuliya N. Kalyuzhnaya ◽  
Moez A. Eid ◽  

The search for effective neuroprotective agents for the treatment of neurotrauma has always been of great interest to researchers around the world. Extracellular heat shock protein 70 (eHsp70) is considered a promising agent to study, as it has been demonstrated to exert a significant neuroprotective activity against various neurodegenerative diseases. We showed that eHsp70 can penetrate neurons and glial cells when added to the incubation medium, and can accumulate in the nuclei of neurons and satellite glial cells after axotomy. eHsp70 reduces apoptosis and necrosis of the glial cells, but not the neurons. At the same time, co-localization of eHsp70 with p53 protein, one of the key regulators of apoptosis, was noted. eHsp70 reduces the level of the p53 protein apoptosis promoter both in glial cells and in the nuclei and cytoplasm of neurons, which indicates its neuroprotective effect. The ability of eHsp70 to reverse the proapoptotic effect of the p53 activator WR1065 may indicate its ability to regulate p53 activity or its proteosome-dependent degradation.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (12) ◽  
pp. e0261984
Md Shaki Mostaid ◽  
Sadia Biswas Mumu ◽  
Md Aminul Haque ◽  
Shahana Sharmin ◽  
Mohd Raeed Jamiruddin ◽  

Differential expression of p53 has been reported in cervical cancer, primarily in tumor tissue biopsies. In this study, we examined the association of TP53 codon 47 and codon 72 polymorphisms and serum level expression of p53 in cervical cancer patients (n = 129) and healthy controls (n = 122). We found elevated levels of serum p53 protein levels in cervical cancer patients (p = 0.0442) compared to healthy controls. Moreover, we found higher levels of serum p53 in patients with grade-III tumor (p = 0.001) compared to healthy controls. Examination of SNPs showed TP53 Arg/Pro heterozygosity (adjusted OR = 2.126, 95% CI = 1.181–3.827, p = 0.012), Pro/Pro mutant homozygosity (adjusted OR = 3.564, 95% CI = 1.647–7.713, p = 0.001), along with the combined genotype (Arg/Pro+Pro/Pro) (adjusted OR 2.542, 95% CI = 1.517–4.260, p<0.001) significantly increases the risk of cervical cancer. Expression quantitative trait analysis revealed no significant association with protein expression. Our results represent for the first time the upregulation of serum p53 in cervical cancer in Bangladeshi women and supports the association of TP53 codon 72 polymorphisms with cervical cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (11) ◽  
pp. 1-7
Chiragkumar J. Gohil ◽  
Malleshappa N. Noolvi ◽  
Chhaganbhai N. Patel ◽  
Dhrubo Jyoti Sen

Activation of the oncogenes and inhibition of the apoptotic function of the p53 protein is a gateway for the cancer genesis. Interaction of the MDM2 protein with p53 protein is responsible for the inhibition of the p53 function. Inhibiting the p53-MDM2 interaction by drug will lead to the p53 release in the cancer cells. And can restart the apoptosis in the cancer cell. Computational methods successfully used for the design and development of the new, potent MDM2 inhibitors. Researchers and pharma companies used rational approach like target-based drug design or ligand-based drug design to develop the novel MDM2 inhibitors. The number of MDM2 inhibitors, has been designed by the computer-aided drug design and in-silico studies. In clinical studies, MDM2 inhibitors are led by RG7112. RG7112 completed its phase-1 trials in 2016, and recently it is under phase-2 trials. Along with RG7112, the number of potent MDM2 inhibitors entered the clinical trials successfully. It indicates the successful development of this class (MDM2 inhibitors). MDM2 inhibitors were found very effective in various studies for the treatment of various kinds of cancers. They have good selectivity for the tumor cells over the normal cells. It induced the dose dependent cell cycle arrest only; in the normal cells. In studies, MDM2 inhibitors successfully detached the p53 protein from the MDM2 protein. And restart the cell-killing function of the p53 protein in the cancer cells. Hence, MDM2 inhibitors can selectively kill the cancer cells over the normal cells.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (12) ◽  
pp. 1813-1819
Yan-Kun Yue ◽  
Shan Liu ◽  
Wu Liu ◽  

AIM: To investigate whether upregulation of apoptosis-stimulating p53 protein 2 (ASPP2) expression could alleviate the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) in a rat model. METHODS: ASPP2-lentivirus or scrambled-lentivirus were transfected into ARPE-19 cells, followed with measurements of cell cytotoxicity by cell counting kit-8 assay. ASPP2 upregulation was confirmed by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry. Then ARPE-19 cells pretreated with ASPP2-lentivirus were intravitreally injected to Brown Norway rats to induce PVR models. PVR development and retinal function were evaluated by retinal photography and electroretinography, respectively. Finally, epithelial-mesenchymal transition as well as autophagy were investigated in rats’ retinas via Western blotting. RESULTS: Protein expression of ASPP2 was significantly upregulated by ASPP2-lentivirus transfection in ARPE-19 cells. The development and progression of PVR were impeded significantly in rats with intravitreal injection of ARPE-19 cells pretreated with ASPP2-lentivirus. Accordingly, retinal functions were less affected and PVR grades were much lower in rats with ASPP2-lentivirus compared to scrambled-lentivirus treatment. Moreover, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and autophagy markers were decreased in the retinas of rats treated with ASPP2-lentivirus. CONCLUSION: ASPP2-lentivirus transfected to ARPE-19 cells mitigates the progression of PVR in rat models, which might be partly through reduced autophagy and attenuated epithelial-mesenchymal transition. ASPP2 might stand as a new approach for PVR treatment in the future.

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