family support
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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Dwi Indah Iswanti ◽  
Moses Glorino Rumambo Pandin

Background: The burden of family in caring a schizophrenia impacts on psychological shock and emotional burden; lack of disease knowledge and care skills; poor patient medication adherence; the difficulty of getting along with patients; conflict in the family or at work; financial burden; and need adequate social support. Aim: This study discussed how family support takes care of people with schizophrenia with a psychoeducational approach in mental health service settings. Method: A non-systematic literature review was carried out using the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) framework utilizing Scopus, CINAHL, and ProQuest databases in the last 5 years, searching with keywords: Family Support AND Schizophrenia OR Family Psychoeducation. Results: Families with schizophrenia experience the most potent stressors on the burden of care borne, in addition to stigma and the frequency of relapse of sufferers. Community care providers can involve the family in various ways, such as providing psychoeducation, supporting the family's physical, emotional and social needs, and behavioral family assessment or family therapy. Conclusion: Mental health services must develop and imply family psychoeducation training.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 124-129
Author(s):  
Rahmat Haji Saeni ◽  
Erdiawati Arief

Background: Nutrition in the first five years of life is very important because at this time physical and brain development is most rapid. Nutrition at this time will affect future developments (Data, Information and Health, 2016). Anthropometric monitoring is also needed, as an initial screening of nutritional problems, including stunting and wasting, to facilitate interventions to be carried out to prevent long-term effects and the next stage in the toddler development cycle (Ramos, Dumith and César, 2015). The research method used in this study was case control, while the research was conducted from April to September 2020. Purpose: This study aims to determine the relationship between biopsychosocial and stunting in children under five years in the stunting locus area, West Tapalang District. Method: This study uses a case control research design with the number of respondents each as many as 57 people. The sampling method used is total sampling Results: There is a statistical relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and the incidence of stunting. The p value is 0.01 with an OR value of 0.38. Meanwhile, maternal height has a p value of 0.84 (OR 1.08), family support has a p value of 0.49 (OR 0.49), exposure to cigarette smoke has a p value of 0.09 (OR 0.31) and socioeconomic has no statistical relationship. Conclusion: There is a relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and the incidence of stunting. Meanwhile, maternal height, family support, and exposure to cigarette smoke did not show a statistical relationship with the incidence of stunting Key words: Stunting, Toddler, psychosocial.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Eva Marvia ◽  
I Gusti Ayu Mirah Adhi ◽  
Saupi Yaumil Mahfuz ◽  
Sukardin Sukardin

Adolescence is a transition period recognized from physical, emotional, and psychological changes happening between 10-19 years of age. Teenagers’ health problems certainly need comprehensive and integrated treatment given through IEC, counseling, peer counseling, clinical/medical services, and referrals, including the Integrated Service Post program as a form of community participation in health services. Therefore, the integrated-service-post program should be able to expand its service range; not only for toddlers, pregnant and breast-feeding women, but also other strategic targets such as teenagers and the elderly. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between family support and adolescent compliance in joining the family posyandu around the working area of the Public Health Center of Aikmel.This research was a descriptive correlation study using an observational approach. The population of this study was 399 teenagers and the samples were 134 drawn using systematic cluster sampling. A questionnaire was used to measure family support and observation sheets were used to find out adolescent compliance in joining the program. The data were then analyzed using the chi-square test.The results showed that the highest participation was shown by teenagers between 12-16 years of aged (70.1%) and the lowest participation was performed by adolescents aged 17-25 years (29.0%). Additionally, based on gender, girls participated more than boys (the participation of girls was 53%). Moreover, the result showed that the higher the education, the higher the family support. Finally, the levels of compliance were 53.7% (compliant) and 56.3% (non-compliant). The statistical test showed that ρ value = 0.009 (ρ < 0.05).Therefore, it can be concluded that there was a significant correlation between family support and adolescent compliance in joining the Integrated Service Post program for families around the working area of the Public Health Center of Aikmel. Hopefully, paramedics/cadres can provide counseling about the importance of family support to increase teenagers’ compliance in joining the program.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 01-05
Author(s):  
Nadir A Aliyev ◽  
Zafar N Aliyev

Objectives: This study was carried out with the objectives of investigating the relationship between Family relationship and loneliness in adolescents. Accepted children will score less on loneliness. Neglected children will score high on loneliness. Concentrated children score less on loneliness as compare to accepted children. Method: Sample consisted of 150 adolescent selected by purposive sampling technique. The scales employed for data collection were Family Relationship Inventory by Sherry and Sinha and UCLA loneliness (III) Scale by Russell. Hypothesized that accepted children will score less on loneliness as compare to concentrated and neglected. Results: 150 subjects were taken & after scoring those high on accepted, concentrated and neglected were selected to form three groups. Conclusion: Findings indicate that the fundamental cause of loneliness is disconnection. Family support and close relationships with their adult children play a central role in adjusting to a new life and in preventing and/or lessening


2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 227-237
Author(s):  
Moza Suzana

ABSTRACT: FACTORS RELATED TO EXCLUSIVE BREASTING BEHAVIOR IN INFANTS AGED 6-24 MONTHS IN THE WORK AREA OF SANGGARAN AGUNG PUSKESMAS, KEINCI REGENCY, JAMBI PROVINCE Introduction: The problem of exclusive breastfeeding in infants is caused by a lack of mother's knowledge, mother's attitude towards exclusive breastfeeding, busy working mothers, and low maternal education. In Indonesia, the exclusive breastfeeding coverage target is 80%, according to the 2013 Riskesdas report, the milk adequacy rate of 30.2% is still below the target.Objective: To determine the factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding behavior in infants aged 6-24 months in the Sanggaran Agung Community Health Center Work Area in 2020.Methods: This type of research is quantitative with a cross-sectional design. This research was conducted on August 2-10, 2020, with the population being all mothers with children under five in the Sanggaran Agung Health Center Work Area as many as 65 people, and samples were taken using the Total Population technique. Data was collected through a questionnaire sheet. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate with Chy Square test.Results: The results showed the frequency distribution of exclusive breastfeeding behavior (not giving exclusive breastfeeding 46.2%, exclusive breastfeeding 53.8%), knowledge factor (not good 41.5%, good 58.5%), place of delivery (non-health facilities) 30.8%, health facilities 69.2%), birth attendants (non-health workers 27.7%, health workers 72.3%), support from health workers (less supportive 44.6%, supported 55, 4%) and family support (less supportive 35.4%, supportive 64.6%).Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between knowledge of mothers, birthing places, birth attendants, support for health workers and family support with exclusive breastfeeding behavior for infants aged 6-24 months in the Sanggaran Agung Public Health Center, Kerinci Regency, Jambi Province in 2020. Support from health centers and related stakeholders to increase mother's knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding and provide support to mothers to be able to give exclusive breastfeeding to their babies. Keywords: Knowledge, place of delivery, birth attendant, support for health workers, family support, exclusive breastfeeding behavior  INTISARI: FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF PADA BAYI USIA 6-24 BULAN DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SANGGARAN AGUNG KABUPATEN  KERINCI PROVINSI JAMBI Pendahuluan: Permasalah ASI eklusif pada bayi adalah karena pengetahuan ibu yang kurang, sikap ibu terhadap pemberian ASI eklusif, ibu sibuk kerja, pendidikan ibu yang rendah. Di Indonesia target cakupan ASI ekslusif adalah 80%, menurut laporan Riskesdas 2013, angka kecukupan ASI sebanyak 30,2% masih dibawah target.Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku pemberian ASI Eksklusif pada bayi Usia 6-24 Bulan Di  Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sanggaran Agung Tahun 2020.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan desain Cross Sectional, Penelitian ini telah dilaksanakan pada tanggal 2-10 Agustus 2020, dengan populasi adalah semua ibu yang memiliki baduta di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sanggaran Agung sebanyak 65 orang dan sampel diambil dengan teknik Total Populasi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui lembar kuesioner. Data dianalisa secara univariat dan bivariat dengan Uji Chy Square.Hasil: Hasil penelitian didapatkan distribusi frekuensi Perilaku pemberian ASI Ekslusif (Tidak ASI Ekslusif 46,2%, ASI Ekslusif 53,8%), faktor pengetahuan (kurang baik 41,5%, Baik 58,5%), tempat persalinan (Non fasilitas kesehatan 30,8%, Fasilitas kesehatan 69,2%), penolong persalinan (non tenaga kesehatan 27,7%, tenaga kesehatan 72,3%), dukungan petugas kesehatan (kurang mendukung 44,6%, mendukung 55,4%) dan dukungan keluarga (kurang mendukung 35,4%, mendukung 64,6%).Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan hasil penelitian maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa Ada hubungan pengetahuan ibu, tempat persalinan, penolong persalinan, dukungan tenaga kesehatan dan dukungan keluarga dengan perilaku pemberian ASI eksklusif pada bayi usia 6-24 bulan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sanggaran Agung Tahun  Kabupaten Kerinci Provinsi Jambi 2020. Dukungan dari pihak puskesmas dan stakeholder terkait untuk dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan ibu tentang ASI Ekslusif serta memberikan dukungan bagi ibu untuk dapat memberikan ASI Ekslusif untuk bayinya. Kata Kunci :   Pengetahuan, tempat persalinan, penolong persalinan, dukungan tenaga kesehatan, dukungan keluarga, Perilaku Pemberian ASI Ekslusif


2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 156-172
Author(s):  
Naryati Naryati ◽  
Nur Nabila Putri Priyono

ABSTRACT: FACTORS AFFECTING BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL IN HYPERTENSION PATIENTS IN RW 03 KELURAHAN JAGAKARSA SOUTH JAKARTA Introduction: Blood pressure control is controlling blood pressure with systolic <140 mmHg and diastolic <90 mmHg. Controlling blood pressure in people with hypertension can be done by losing weight, exercising, adjusting a low-salt diet, improving unhealthy lifestyles, and pharmacological therapy. Blood pressure control is influenced by several factors, such as attitudes, knowledge, family support, and medication adherence.Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence blood pressure control in hypertension sufferers in RW 03 Jagakarsa Village, South Jakarta.Methods: The research design used was descriptive-analytic with a cross sectional approach. The number of samples involved were 42 respondents using the Z formula. The results of the study used Chi-Square statistical test analysis.Results: The results of this study obtained factors related to controlling blood pressure in patients with hypertension, namely attitude (p-value = 0.047), knowledge (p-value = 0.040), family support (p-value = 0.025), and medication. compliance (p-value = 0.040).Conclusion: Suggestions from this study are health services, especially in the community, to find out the factors that influence blood pressure control in hypertension sufferers, one of which can be overcome by developing health education programs for the community, both at the puskesmas and at the posyandu. Thus, blood pressure control can be carried out optimally for a better life. Keywords: Hypertension, Blood Pressure Control, Attitude, Knowledge  INTISARI: FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENGONTROLAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PENDERITA HIPERTENDI DI RW 03 KELURAHAN JAGAKARSA JAKARTA SELATAN Pendahuluan: Pengontrolan tekanan darah merupakan tekanan darah yang terkontrol dengan sistole <140 mmHg dan diastole <90 mmHg. pengontrolan tekanan darah pada penderita hipertensi dapat dilakukan dengan cara penurunan berat badan, olahraga, pengaturan diet rendah garam, memperbaiki gaya hidup yang kurang sehat, dan terapi farmakologis. Pengontrolan tekanan darah dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, seperti sikap, pengetahuan, dukungan keluarga dan kepatuhan pengobatan.Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk Mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pengontrolan tekanan darah pada penderita hipertensi di RW 03 Kelurahan Jagakarsa Jakarta Selatan.Metode: Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif-analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Jumlah sampel yang dilibatkan sebanyak 42 responden dengan menggunakan rumus Z. Hasil penelitian menggunakan analisis uji statistic Chi-Square.Hasil: Hasil dari penelitian ini diperoleh faktor yang berhubungan dengan pengontrolan tekanan darah pada penderita hipertensi yaitu sikap (p-value = 0,047), pengetahuan (p-value = 0,040), dukungan keluarga (p-value = 0,025), dan kepatuhan pengobatan (p-value = 0,040).Kesimpulan: Saran dari penelitian ini adalah pelayanan kesehatan khususnya di masyarakat untuk mengetahui bahwa faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pengontrolan tekanan darah pada penderita hipertensi dapat diatasi salah satunya dengan mengembangkan program penyuluhan kesehatan bagi masyarakat baik di internal puskesmas maupun dilakukan di posyandu. Sehingga, pengontrolan tekanan darah dapat dilakukan secara optimal untuk menjalankan hidup yang lebih baik. Kata Kunci : Hipertensi, Pengontrolan Tekanan Darah, Sikap, Pengetahuan


Author(s):  
Kátia Lilian Sedrez Celich ◽  
Rosa Cândida Carvalho Pereira de Melo ◽  
Mara Ambrosina de Oliveira Vargas ◽  
Francielly Zilli ◽  
Liliana Vanessa Lúcio Henriques ◽  
...  

Abstract Objective: To understand the challenges experienced by Portuguese workers in humanitude care for institutionalized elderly people during the pandemic. Method: This is a qualitative study, supported by reflections on the Humanitude Care Methodology, carried out with workers from different areas in a nursing home for elderly people in Portugal. Data collection took place between September and October 2020, from individual and online interviews. The categorization proposed by Bardin was adopted as the analysis technique. Results: Three categories emerged: (1) self-protection and of the other with the subcategories fear of being contaminated and fear of contaminating the elderly; (2) maintenance of affective relationships, broken down into the subcategories absence of family members in the nursing home and personal protective equipment as a barrier to communication and approximation; and (3) confinement of the elderly who attended the Day Center, with the subcategories lack of family support/loneliness and change in the elderly’s routine. Conclusion: The main challenges experienced by Portuguese workers are related to the necessary changes in the performance of care practices due to the use of personal protection that was not used before, limitations in affective relationships, and restrictions in interaction spaces.


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