AbstractAgent-based models (ABMs) are increasingly used in the management sciences. Though useful, ABMs are often critiqued: it is hard to discern why they produce the results they do and whether other assumptions would yield similar results. To help researchers address such critiques, we propose a systematic approach to conducting sensitivity analyses of ABMs. Our approach deals with a feature that can complicate sensitivity analyses: most ABMs include important non-parametric elements, while most sensitivity analysis methods are designed for parametric elements only. The approach moves from charting out the elements of an ABM through identifying the goal of the sensitivity analysis to specifying a method for the analysis. We focus on four common goals of sensitivity analysis: determining whether results are robust, which elements have the greatest impact on outcomes, how elements interact to shape outcomes, and which direction outcomes move when elements change. For the first three goals, we suggest a combination of randomized finite change indices calculation through a factorial design. For direction of change, we propose a modification of individual conditional expectation (ICE) plots to account for the stochastic nature of the ABM response. We illustrate our approach using the Garbage Can Model, a classic ABM that examines how organizations make decisions.
If the politics of aspirational construction appeal to the enchantment of infrastructure, reconstruction usually takes as given an environment of post-conflict, natural disaster, or the degradation of systems of preservation or resource management. If construction and conservation are taken as markers of continuity and political stability what does the urge to build again say about those who exert these ideas in advancement of a set of common goals? Shaped through multi-sited ethnography in Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates, this essay explores the mediation of mood and its material speculations. Concepts borrowed from both the preservation of the moving image and digital forms of heritage restoration provide ways of rethinking the place of reconstruction and coming to a new understanding of its sensual and atmospheric terrain.
Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) is described as collaboration with neighbouring countries sharing land or sea borders to cooperate to reduce poverty and inequality among people, and improve living standards for sustainable development of the regions. European Union key objective has been CBC model where bordering countries in balanced partnership, have equal say in program decision-making process for sustainable development to meet common goals. The three factors essential for CBC clearly defined goals, promotion of political transparency, and promotion of connectivity and communication are correlated with the four levels of CBC implementation and public-private-partnerships. This chapter examines the challenge and significance of cross border cooperative relationship between India and Pakistan to disarm and have peace, for achieving 17 sustainable development goals in bordering conflict regions between the two countries for socio-economic progress and prosperity of the millions of people living in South Asia.
The chapter aims to reflect on the management of intercultural organizational relations. It explains the transition of homogenous organizations into the culturally heterogeneous organization and compares multiculturalism with cross-culturalism in its ability to harmonize the principles of cultural diversity with universal ethical principles. It explores the process of creation of a third culture to foster understanding and acceptance among diverse teams. It attempts to establish the impact of intercultural interactions/relations on the effectiveness of a diverse team of individuals interacting in concert to achieve common goals. The work also underpins some analysis of the creation, development, and management of organizational intercultural capital. Finally, the emergence of the model of strategic management of an intercultural organization focused on learning and training for proper operationalization and implementation is proposed, and some challenges that could antagonize the teams are looked into and proposals are formulated.
(1) Background: The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the problem of combining work and private life. The pandemic conditions have turned out to be particularly difficult for parents who, due to changes in the organization of the education system, have been forced to reconcile their professional duties with the raising of childcare. Thanks to the recommendations for cooperation between schools and parents proposed in this study, it will be possible to reduce the risk and uncertainty of achieving common goals of the education system. (2) Methods: In the preparation of nationwide research, a questionnaire was provided to a sample of 10,331 respondents, including 7800 professional parents, in a trial form before a transition to the study of children. (3) Results: The analysis of the data showed that educational institutions should shape their activities based on cooperation with the family environment of children. (4) Conclusions: Educational institutions can help working parents in times of increased uncertainty. Parents reported that in caring for children, it would be helpful to operate educational institutions in stationary mode. Moreover, they expect increases in extracurricular and extra-curricular activities.
This study aims to explain the common goals of zakat and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from the perspective of maqasid al-Sharia. Zakat programs developed by the National Board of Amil Zakat (BAZNAS), especially in the economic, social and humanity, health, and education fields are in line with the SDGs programs launched by the United Nations, especially the programs number 1-4 namely no poverty, zero hunger, good health and well-being, and quality education. By using the maqasid al-Sharia approach, the SDGs programs that are included in the level of urgent needs (daruriyyah) and in accordance with the purpose of zakat, take precedence in its implementation such as the Mustahik Economic Empowerment Institute established by BAZNAS to improve the quality of life of mustahik. (Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tujuan umum zakat dan SDGs dari perspektif maqasid al-Sharia. Program-program Zakat yang dikembangkan oleh Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (BAZNAS) khususnya dalam bidang ekonomi, sosial kemanusiaan, kesehatan, dan pendidikan sejalan dengan program-program tujuan pembangunan berkelanjutan (SDGs) yang dicanangkan oleh PBB, khusunya program no poverty, zero hunger, good health and weel-being, and quality education. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan maqasid al-Sharia, maka program-program SDGs yang masuk dalam tingkat kebutuhan yang mendesak (daruriyyah) dan sesuai dengan tujuan zakat, diutamakan dalam pengimplementasiannya seperti Lembaga Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Mustahik yang didirikan BAZNAS dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup mustahik.)
Distance learning demands extra work and adjustment of teachers in doing a task to educate their students. This condition causes a conflict such as interfering with wholeness that leads to family resilience conflict. In Islamic teaching, family resilience can be achieved by living the principles of zawaj (pair), mitsaqan-ghaliza (solid bond), musyaran (good association), and musyawarah (mutual agreement) in relationship between family members. The study aimed to find out the effect of work-life and social media balances on teachers' families' resilience and was measured by Islamic family resilience values. The participants were 161 teachers aged 21-36 years in Cikarang area of Bekasi Regency who used social media. Data was taken through Google-form with three scales, namely Islamic Family Resilience which was developed by Islamic family resilience aspect of BP4 called IMRS®, the scale of work balance was from Fisher, Bulger, & Smith (2009), and the scale of social media balance was from Kumar & Priyadarshini (2018). Data was taken by a nonprobability sampling with purposive sampling technique. The data were analyzed with multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the variables of work-life and social media balances had a significant effect on family resilience. The study also showed that three dimensions had a significant effect, namely (2) the mixing of person to work, (3) enrichment of personal life from work, and (6) the use of social media for personal. This study implied that the importance of understanding family members related to the fulfillment of common goals and must be communicated.
The active development of the volunteer movement in modern Russia encourages a comparison of the practices of organizing the volunteer movement in different countries, in order to study positive experiences and partial borrowing, as well as to analyze the phenomenon of volunteerism in a broader scientific context - as one of the mechanisms for the development of civil society. The article presents a sociological analysis of volunteer activity in seven developed foreign countries in such categories as historical features of formation, typical areas of volunteer activity, common goals, values and motives of volunteers, state support for volunteer programs and projects, as well as identical features of the organization of volunteer activity in these countries. This analysis is a selection of the best foreign practices of working with volunteers and allows you to outline the prospects for the development of the volunteer movement in other countries, including in Russia. The article helps to systematize the features of the development of volunteer activity in the world community and call it an effective mechanism for educating citizenship and increasing social activity. The international practice of involving citizens in volunteerism has clearly demonstrated the significant contribution of the third sector to the global economy, building a strong and solid society that is ready to respond quickly to current challenges and help solve global problems.
The main aim of the article is to analyze the needs for intersectoral cooperation in the region. Namely, the article tackles the problem of cooperation between local governments, business structures and the public sector (public organizations). Separately, each sector is usually active in its own area, but cooperation can make them into an effective tool in regional development. In the Transcarpathian region and in Ukraine in general, this type of partnership is new. Consiquently, it is still difficult to realize intersectoral partnership in the region, since imperfect legislation, fear of the unfamiliar and simple lack of information about its effectiveness create numerous barriers for its implementation. Today, the lack of budget fund-ing in communities leads to the need for such cooperation as intersectoral partnership, as it can mobilize more resources, facilitate experience exchange, thereby expanding workers' knowledge beyond the spheres of their organizations, and so on. One of the important factors of our research was an assessment of a social survey of intersectoral partnership entities (a total of 60 respondents from the government, private and public sectors), which was aimed at identifying the main reasons and benefits that motivate such cooperation, as well as identifying the resources that participants are willing to invest to achieve common goals. It was quite important to discover what is the most important factors of such cooperations for partners. Intersectoral partnerships are usually organized to address social issues, so determining its value for each individual partner is quite difficult. The article concludes with an overview of the benefits of intersectoral partnerships and communities problems which it can solve, namely the involvement of business and community organizations can help local governments to overcome the budget crisis by investing in external financial resources for development projects; combining the experience of each of the partners to find solutions to certain problems; higher degree of transparency in decisionmak-ing by public administration bodies; the opportunity to strengthen innovation processes and acquire skills outside the orga-nizational base of individual institutions.Keywords: intersectoral cooperation, partnership, local governments, public organizations, business structures. Основною метою статті є аналізування потреб у міжсекторному співробітництві в регіоні. Тобто йдеться про співпрацю органів місцевого самоврядування, бізнесструктур та громадського сектору (громадських організацій). Окремо кожний із секторів зазвичай активний у власній сфері діяльності, але, співпрацюючи в партнерстві, вони виступають досить дієвим інструментом у регіональному розвитку. Сьогодні нестача бюджетного фінансування у громадах призводить до необхідності розгляду такої співпраці, як міжсекторне партнерство, оскільки завдяки йому можна мобілізувати більший обсяг ресурсів, здійснювати обмін досвідом, тим самим розширювати свої знання за межі своїх організацій тощо. Важливим у дослідженні було те, що ми включили оцінку соціального опитування суб’єктів міжсекторного партнерства в Закарпатській області, яке було спрямоване на з'ясування основних причин і вигід, що спонукають до такої співпраці, а також виявлення ресурсів, які готові вкладати суб’єкти для досягнення поставлених спільних цілей. Досить суттєвим було дізнатися, що найбільш важливим убачають у такій співпраці партнери. Ключові слова: міжсекторне співробітництво, партнерство, органи місцевого самоврядування, громадські організації, бізнесові структури.
A political party is a political organization that adheres to and is based on a certain ideology or can also be interpreted as an organization that accommodates the interests and voices of the people who want their interests to be heard by the authorities. Political marketing and political strategy are the most important part of selling and getting a positive response from the community so that people support certain parties or certain candidates. The research method with a qualitative approach, this strategy or method of winning has been thought out and also planned long before the election day arrives, but this strategy is also inseparable from the cooperation and contribution of the political parties it carries in achieving common goals. there are several ways and strategies carried out by the PDI-P party in the 2019-2024 period and it became one of the extraordinary events so that the PDI-P party won with the most votes. The strategy carried out by the PDI-P party in Central Aceh Regency is the collaboration between legislative candidates and the community. Cooperation carried out by the PDI-P party legislative candidates is one very good way to do it, so that work plans through the voice of the community can be carried out easily because of this collaboration. The next strategy is to improve good communication with the community, increase socialization, and have a competition event held by the PDI-P party to the community. With the competition event held by the PDI-P party legislative candidates to the community, so that people know more about the nature, character, behavior and know more about who the legislative candidates are. As well as improving the system and the way the PDI-P party's legislative candidates campaign openly and privately