strong correlations
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 11
Gakuto Aoyama ◽  
Longfei Zhao ◽  
Shun Zhao ◽  
Xiao Xue ◽  
Yunxin Zhong ◽  

Accurate morphological information on aortic valve cusps is critical in treatment planning. Image segmentation is necessary to acquire this information, but manual segmentation is tedious and time consuming. In this paper, we propose a fully automatic aortic valve cusps segmentation method from CT images by combining two deep neural networks, spatial configuration-Net for detecting anatomical landmarks and U-Net for segmentation of aortic valve components. A total of 258 CT volumes of end systolic and end diastolic phases, which include cases with and without severe calcifications, were collected and manually annotated for each aortic valve component. The collected CT volumes were split 6:2:2 for the training, validation and test steps, and our method was evaluated by five-fold cross validation. The segmentation was successful for all CT volumes with 69.26 s as mean processing time. For the segmentation results of the aortic root, the right-coronary cusp, the left-coronary cusp and the non-coronary cusp, mean Dice Coefficient were 0.95, 0.70, 0.69, and 0.67, respectively. There were strong correlations between measurement values automatically calculated based on the annotations and those based on the segmentation results. The results suggest that our method can be used to automatically obtain measurement values for aortic valve morphology.

Vaccines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 119
Andrea Maugeri ◽  
Martina Barchitta ◽  
Antonella Agodi

Google Trends data are an efficient source for analysing internet search behaviour and providing valuable insights into community dynamics and health-related problems. In this article, we aimed to evaluate if Google Trends data could help monitor the COVID-19 vaccination trend over time and if the introduction of COVID-19 vaccines modified the interest of pregnant women in vaccination. Data related to Google internet searches and the number of vaccine doses administered in Italy were used. We found moderate to strong correlations between search volumes of vaccine-related terms and the number of vaccines administered. In particular, a model based on Google Trends with a 3-week lag showed the best performance in fitting the number of COVID-19 vaccinations over time. We also observed that the introduction of COVID-19 vaccines affected the search interest for the argument “vaccination in pregnancy” both quantitatively and qualitatively. There was a significant increase in the search interest after the launch of the COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Italy. Qualitative analysis suggested that this increase was probably due to concerns about COVID-19 vaccines. Thus, our study suggests the benefits of using Google Trends data to predict the number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered, and to monitor feelings about vaccination.

Miguel Lecina ◽  
Carlos Castellar ◽  
Francisco Pradas ◽  
Isaac López-Laval

A series of case studies aimed to evaluate muscular fatigue in running a 768-km ultra-trail race in 11 days. Four non-professional athletes (four males) were enrolled. Muscle damage blood biomarkers (creatine kinase (CK), lactodeshydrogenase (LDH), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and lower limb strength were evaluated by using Bosco jumps test; squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ) and Abalakov jump (ABA) were assessed before (pre), after the race (post) and for two and nine days during the recovery period (rec2 and rec9), respectively. Results showed: pre-post SJ = −28%, CMJ = −36% and ABA = −21%. Values returned to basal during rec9: SJ = −1%, CMJ = −2% or even exceeded pre-values ABA = +3%. On the contrary, muscle damage blood biomarkers values increased at post; CK = +888%, LDH = +172%, AST = +167% and ALT = +159% and the values returned gradually to baseline at rec9 except for AST = +226% and ALT = +103% which remained higher. Nonparametric bivariate Spearman’s test showed strong correlations (Rs ≥ 0.8) between some jumps and muscle damage biomarkers at post (SJ-LDH Rs = 0.80, SJ-AST Rs = 0.8, ABA-LD H Rs = 0.80 and ABA-AST Rs = 0.80), at rec2 (SJ-CK Rs = 0.80 and SJ-ALT Rs = 0.80) and even during rec9 (ABA-CK). Similarly, some parameters such as accumulated elevation and training volume showed a strong correlation with LDH values after finishing the ultra-trail race. The alteration induced by completing an ultra-trail event in the muscle affects lower limb strength and may in some circumstances result in serious medical conditions including post- exertional rhabdomyolysis.

Atoms ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 7
Stephan Fritzsche

Open f-shell elements still constitute a great challenge for atomic theory owing to their (very) rich fine-structure and strong correlations among the valence-shell electrons. For these medium and heavy elements, many atomic properties are sensitive to the correlated motion of electrons and, hence, require large-scale computations in order to deal consistently with all relativistic, correlation and rearrangement contributions to the electron density. Often, different concepts and notations need to be combined for just classifying the low-lying level structure of these elements. With Jac, the Jena Atomic Calculator, we here provide a toolbox that helps to explore and deal with such elements with open d- and f-shell structures. Based on Dirac’s equation, Jac is suitable for almost all atoms and ions across the periodic table. As an example, we demonstrate how reasonably accurate computations can be performed for the low-lying level structure, transition probabilities and lifetimes for Th2+ ions with a 5f6d ground configuration. Other, and more complex, shell structures are supported as well, though often for a trade-off between the size and accuracy of the computations. Owing to its simple use, however, Jac supports both quick estimates and detailed case studies on open d- or f-shell elements.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 695
Angelos Dimas ◽  
Anastasia Politi ◽  
George Papaioannou ◽  
Thomas M. Barber ◽  
Martin O. Weickert ◽  

Increased maternal food intake is considered a normal pregnancy adjustment. However, the overavailability of nutrients may lead to dysregulated fetal development and increased adiposity, with long-lasting effects on offspring in later life. Several gut-hormone molecules regulate maternal appetite, with both their orexigenic and anorectic effects being in a state of sensitive equilibrium. The aim of this manuscript is to systematically review literature on the effects of maternal gut-hormone molecules on fetal growth and metabolism, birth weight and the later metabolic health of offspring. Maternal serum ghrelin, leptin, IGF-1 and GLP-1 appear to influence fetal growth; however, a lack of consistent and strong correlations of maternal appetite axis hormones with birth weight and the concomitant correlation with fetal and birth waist circumference may suggest that these molecules primarily mediate fetal energy deposition mechanisms, preparing the fetus for survival after birth. Dysregulated intrauterine environments seem to have detrimental, sex-dependent effects on fetal energy stores, affecting not only fetal growth, fat mass deposition and birth weight, but also future metabolic and endocrine wellbeing of offspring.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 156-178
د. شمس الدين اسماعيل محمد نور عثمان

The study aimed to know the role of strategic management in achieving competitive advantage in Al Baraka Bank, as the study problem was represented in the main question, is there a role for strategic management in achieving competitive advantage in Al Baraka Bank, the study relied on the descriptive analytical approach and the study was applied to a sample consisting of (180) questionnaires. Analyzed by the Statistical Analysis Program (SPSS) through a set of statistical methods, the study found a set of strong correlations between strategic management and achieving competitive advantage, and there is a positive statistically significant relationship between the message in achieving competitive advantage in Al Baraka Bank, the study found a number of results, including The bank under study analyzes the internal and external environment in a scientific manner and on an ongoing basis, implements the strategy laid down in accordance with accurate interim plans and with the participation of all parties from the senior management and employees. It should include attention to achieving competitive advantage, when evaluating the strategy should be e There are clear criteria, including criteria for measuring competitive advantage, from proposals for future research.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Ying Alice Xu ◽  
Letitia R. Naigles ◽  
Yi Esther Su

This study explores the emergence and productivity of word order usage in Mandarin-speaking typically-developing (TD) children and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and examines how this emergence relates to frequency of use in caregiver input. Forty-two caregiver-child dyads participated in video-recorded 30-min semi-structured play sessions. Eleven children with ASD were matched with 10 20-month-old TD children and another 11 children with ASD were matched with 10 26-month-old TD children, on expressive language. We report four major findings: (1) Preschool Mandarin-speaking children with ASD produced word order structures with pervasive ellipsis at similar rates to language-matched TD children, but also displayed differences from TD children in their usage of SVt and VtO frames; (2) Grammatical productivity was observed in both TD children and children with ASD; moreover, children with ASD with higher expressive language produced less stereotyped language; (3) Both TD children and children with ASD heard a range of word orders in their caregivers’ input, with TD children’s input greater in amount and complexity; however, caregivers of both groups also showed no age/language-related changes in word order usage; (4) Few word-order-specific correlations emerged between caregivers and their children; however, strong correlations were observed for mean length of utterances (MLU) for both groups: Caregivers who produced longer/more complex utterances had children who did the same. Taken together, it seems that despite their pragmatic deficits, the early grammatical knowledge of word order in Mandarin-exposed children with ASD is well preserved and in general follows the typical developmental pattern. Moreover, caregiver input is broadly rather than finely tuned to the linguistic development of TD children and children with ASD, and plays a more important role in children’s general syntactic development than in specific word order acquisition. Thus, early word order usage in preschool Mandarin-speaking TD children and children with ASD may be influenced by both caregiver input and child abilities.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 413
Małgorzata Adamczyk-Habrajska ◽  
Beata Wodecka-Duś ◽  
Tomasz Goryczka ◽  
Diana Szalbot ◽  
Mateusz Bara ◽  

Lanthanum-modified BaTiO3 electroceramic materials have superior dielectric and piezoelectric properties. Ba0.996La0.004Ti0.999O3 (BLT4) seems to be a serious candidate for ultracondensator applications. This manuscript describes the results of hafnium and europium modification of BLT 4 ceramics. The pure and doped ceramic materials were synthesized by the conventional mixed oxide method. The microstructure of obtained samples was examined by scanning electron microscope. The investigations reveal strong correlations between the presence of admixture and the grain size, which was especially visible in the case of the hafnium dopant. The frequency and temperature dielectric characteristics measurements revealed a decrease in electric permittivity. Moreover, the impedance spectroscopy investigations showed severe changes in grains and grain-boundary resistivity, which was connected with changes in electric conductivity.

2022 ◽  
Vol 65 (1) ◽  
Jung-Tae Kim ◽  
Ill-Min Chung ◽  
Mi-Jung Kim ◽  
Jin-Seok Lee ◽  
Beom-Young Son ◽  

AbstractPurple waxy corn is a good source of antioxidant compounds such as anthocyanins and polyphenols. Promotion of its use requires an appropriate assay to determine antioxidant activity. The aim of this study is to verify compatibility of the antioxidant activity assays by comparing five different assays in daily kernel samples of the fresh purple waxy corn during grain filling. The levels of antioxidants measured by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, ferric reducing antioxidant power, and chemiluminescence showed significant positive correlations with the levels measured by the other assays (r = 0.761–0.893; p < 0.01) and with anthocyanin content (r = 0.798–0.924; p < 0.01). Reducing capacity of 2,2ʹ-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) and total phenolic content also showed significant correlations (r = 0.764; p < 0.01). However, during late grain filling, the levels of antioxidants measured by all methods showed strong correlations with each other (r > 0.699; p < 0.05). The inconsistencies among the measurements are largely dependent on the developmental stage of the corn kernel. The combination of at least two assays is required to ensure reliable antioxidant activity estimates, especially for early grain-filling stages. These results will inform efforts to promote fresh purple corn as a source of antioxidants.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 555
Xing Wang ◽  
Hannah Kaiser ◽  
Amanda Kvist-Hansen ◽  
Benjamin D. McCauley ◽  
Lone Skov ◽  

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory condition associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Systemic anti-psoriatic treatments mainly include methotrexate and biological therapies targeting TNF, IL-12/23 and IL-17A. We profiled plasma proteins from patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis to explore potential biomarkers of effective systemic treatment and their relationship to CVD. We found that systemically well-treated patients (PASI < 3.0, n = 36) had lower circulating levels of IL-17 pathway proteins compared to untreated patients (PASI > 10, n = 23). Notably, IL-17C and PI3 were decreased with all four examined systemic treatment types. Furthermore, in patients without CVD, we observed strong correlations among IL-17C/PI3/PASI (r ≥ 0.82, p ≤ 1.5 × 10−12) pairs or between IL-17A/PASI (r = 0.72, p = 9.3 × 10−8). In patients with CVD, the IL-17A/PASI correlation was abolished (r = 0.2, p = 0.24) and the other correlations were decreased, e.g., IL-17C/PI3 (r = 0.61, p = 4.5 × 10−5). Patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis and CVD had lower levels of IL-17A compared to those without CVD (normalized protein expression [NPX] 2.02 vs. 2.55, p = 0.013), and lower IL-17A levels (NPX < 2.3) were associated with higher incidence of CVD (OR = 24.5, p = 0.0028, 95% CI 2.1–1425.1). As a result, in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis, we propose circulating IL-17C and PI3 as potential biomarkers of effective systemic anti-psoriatic treatment, and IL-17A as potential marker of CVD.

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