emulsifying capacity
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Ammara Ainee ◽  
Sarfraz Hussain ◽  
Muhammad Nadeem ◽  
Asaad R. Al-Hilphy ◽  
Azhari Siddeeg

Galactomannan from fenugreek and guar seeds were extracted, purified, and used in edible coatings, optimized via response surface methodology. The results showed that the emulsifying capacity and stability of fenugreek galactomannan (FG) and guar galactomannan (GG) increased with increase in the concentration of galactomannan up to 0.5–1%. The average optimized values of FG and GG in edible coatings were predicted to be 1.71% and 2.11% for weight loss, 0.72% and 2.14% for firmness, 1.02% and 1.44% for TSS, 0.83% and 1.36% for pH, 1.03% and 1.44% for acidity, respectively. Significant decrease in weight loss and maximum retention of firmness was observed in coated guava. The TSS increased up to a certain storage period in all treatments and decreased as the storage period progressed, whereas pH exhibited an increasing trend while a significant decrease in acidity was observed. The findings revealed that the shelf life of guava could considerably be improved by incorporating 1.24% galactomannan from GG and 1.01% from FG in the edible coating.

Foods ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 186
Pascale Subra-Paternault ◽  
Maria del Pilar Garcia-Mendoza ◽  
Raphaëlle Savoire ◽  
Christelle Harscoat-Schiavo

The objective was to evaluate the performance of four hydro-alcoholic solvents to simultaneously extract oil and more polar molecules as phenolics, among others, to produce complex extracts that eventually could self-emulsify after solvent removal. Walnut press-cake was selected as the sourcing material. Extractions were performed as a semi-continuous operation up to a solvent-to-solid ratio of 28, with a fractional collection of the effluent. Among the solvents, labelled by their alcohol content EtOH 58, EtOH 86, iPro 60 and iPro 90 for ethanol (EtOH) and isopropanol (iPro), iPro 90 allowed to reach an oil extraction efficiency of 97% while the recovery for the other solvents was in the range of 30–40%. For both alcohols, the increase of the solvent hydration negatively influenced the oil extraction but positively increased the recovery of phenolics that reached 17.6 mg GAE/gcake when EtOH 58 was used. Several fractions contained enough surface-active material and oil to self-assemble as emulsions. IPro 90 and EtOH 86 showed better performances in the sense that most extracts were able to emulsify, though extraction kinetics pointed out differences. The most hydrated solvents behaved equally, with extraction yields in the same range and a similar but limited emulsifying capacity of only few fractions.

Foods ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 44
Nan Pan ◽  
Wei Wan ◽  
Xin Du ◽  
Baohua Kong ◽  
Qian Liu ◽  

Herein, we discuss changes in the emulsifying properties of myofibrillar protein (MP) because of protein denaturation and aggregation from quick-frozen pork patties with multiple fat levels and freeze–thaw (F–T) cycles. Protein denaturation and aggregation were confirmed by the significantly increased surface hydrophobicity, turbidity, and particle size, as well as the significantly decreased solubility and absolute zeta potential, of MPs with increases in fat levels and F–T cycles (p < 0.05). After multiple F–T cycles, the emulsifying activity and emulsion stability indices of all samples were significantly reduced (p < 0.05). The emulsion droplets of MP increased in size, and their distributions were dense and irregular. The results demonstrated that protein denaturation and aggregation due to multiple F–T cycles and fat levels changed the distribution of surface chemical groups and particle sizes of protein, thus affecting the emulsifying properties.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (11 (114)) ◽  
pp. 90-98
Ihor Strashynskyi ◽  
Victoria Grechko ◽  
Oksana Fursik ◽  
Vasyl Pasichnyi ◽  
Andrii Marynin

Potential areas of using chia seeds meal as part of mincemeat semi-finished products were substantiated. The modern stage of development of the food industry involves the expansion of the range of natural functional ingredients that improve the organoleptic characteristics of finished products and provide consumers with "healthy" food. This causes the use of new ingredients in the meat processing industry for producing and devising products. The relationship between the indicators of emulsifying capacity, emulsion resistance, and the degree of hydration of chia meal was determined experimentally. It was found that the ability of chia meal to absorb and retain water and fat molecules in the emulsion composition decreased proportionally to a decrease in its concentration in the composition of hydrated samples. The existence of non-polar side chains of amino acids that get bound to fat molecules contributes to an increase in the indicators of emulsifying capacity and emulsion stability during heat treatment (70±2 °C) and after pre-freezing on average by 7–8.7 % and by 16–18.8 %, respectively. Analysis of effective viscosity of the dispersed system of chia seeds meal indicates that in the area of a higher concentration, the viscous-elastic and solid-like behavior of the suspension depends on dynamic changes in the volume of the phase of particles. Heating the experimental samples to a temperature of 70±2 °C in the center leads to a maximum increase in viscosity of the formed dispersions. When studying the effect of the processes of freezing on the properties of the studied systems, the cryoprotective properties for the proposed additives were detected. The obtained data indicate the thermal stabilization of the proposed additive, the ability to form a microgel structure in the finished product, and retain moisture during heat treatment of semi-finished products.

2021 ◽  
pp. 107456
Remco Kornet ◽  
Jack Yang ◽  
Paul Venema ◽  
Erik van der Linden ◽  
Leonard Sagis

Eliza Guadalupe Arcos-Estrada ◽  
Mayra Díaz-Ramírez ◽  
Judith Jiménez-Guzmán ◽  
Erika Berenice León-Espinosa ◽  
Mariano García-Garibay ◽  

Objective: Analyze the effect of grasshopper (Sphenarium purpurascens Charpentier) paste addition on the rheological behavior of Mole Poblano (MP) and its relation with the technological properties of the grasshopper paste. Design/methodology/approach: The addition of grasshopper paste was done at different proportions as follows: T0= 0% of grasshopper paste (GP) and 100% of mole Poblano (MP); T10=10% GP and 90% MP; T15=15% GP and 85% MP, T20=20% GP and 80% MP, T25=25% GP and 75 % MP, T30=30% GP and 70% MP. Water retention and emulsifying capacity of grasshopper paste were evaluated. Density, kinematic and apparent viscosity, and rheological behavior were analyzed at 25ºC; rheological parameters (consistency index (k) and flow behavior index (n)) were calculated by performing a regression analysis to adjust the graphs to a power-law model. Findings/conclusion: Grasshopper paste had higher emulsifying capability than water retention capability.  Apparent viscosity of all formulations decreased as shear rate increased, so all mixtures of GP and MP demonstrated No-Newtonian behavior and pseudoplastic performance. Index consistency increased as GP content increased, these results are related with protein content because GP had a good emulsifying capability. Limitations on study/implications: More studies about the characterization of the proteins of GP and their interaction with other components are required.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Mehnaza Manzoor ◽  
Jagmohan Singh ◽  
Adil Gani

AbstractIn this research, two common apple seed cultivars Viz: ‘Golden Delicious’ (GD) and ‘Red Delicious’ (RD) of Northern Himalayan region were characterized for physical, techno-functional, microstructure, thermal, and rheological properties. Seeds showed a significant difference in width, arithmetic, and geometric mean diameters, volume, and surface area. Proximate analysis results revealed that seed flours have high oil content (> 20%) and are potentially rich sources of protein (> 40%). Color analysis of flours indicated their satisfactory whiter color with higher brightness values (L* ˃ 75), resulting from the reduced particle size which allows greater light penetration and relatively lower a* (< 1.5) and b* (< 11) values. Techno-functional attributes including water/oil absorption capacity, emulsifying capacity, and emulsion stability were significantly higher in RD than GD flour. There was also a significant difference in the average particle size of seed flours. Flour micrographs indicated the presence of oval/spherical-shaped starch granules embedded in dense protein matrix while, Differential Scanning calorimeter (DSC) revealed exothermic transition enthalpies for seed flours. Additionally, seed flours depicted high elastic modulus (G′), suggesting their suitability for modifying food texture. It was concluded that apple seeds exhibit significant potential for use in formulating protein-enriched foods while contributing to reducing industrial wastage.

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (4) ◽  
pp. 15-23
T. V. Alexeeva ◽  
E. S. Popov ◽  
L. A. Albycheva ◽  
Yu. O. Kalgina

The article presents the results of studies on the effect of a bio-correcting food supplement on functional and technological properties of model liver-based pate systems. The supplement included components that are domestic resource-saving sources with predictable biopotential and consumer properties. The food-fortifying supplement was added to the model pate systems in the amount of 10–30%. The aim of the research is to study the effect of bio-correcting supplement on functional and technological properties of liver pate products. Technology of preparing model minced meat systems, along with traditional operations, included the stage of introducing a bio-correcting supplement into the cutter. It has been found that dry supplement components must be hydrated when used in the composition of pate recipes. The process of hydration of the enriching supplement was carried out with drinking water in the ratio of 1:2, and was stirred to a homogeneous state, then kept at the temperature of 19 ± 5°C for 10–15 minutes. That corresponded to the state of saturation of the system biopolymers with moisture and achievement of a pasty consistency, similar to that of pate masses. In the course of the research it was found that the model compositions had higher indicators of functional and technological properties compared with the control ones. The enriching additive in the composition of liver pate increased up to 30% compared with the samples prepared according to the traditional recipe: the moisture-binding capacity by 11–20%, the water-holding capacity by 20–25%, and the emulsifying capacity by 9–14%. The results obtained indicate the possibility of a targeted influence of the additive components on the functional and technological properties of liver pate. When a bio-correcting additive is included in liver pates, the pates get enriched with high-grade protein, vitamins, minerals and essential substances; organoleptic properties of finished products improve; calorie content of products reduces; functional, technological, structural and mechanical properties improve; the risk of broth-fat edema and moisture release from food products reduces; thermal losses decrease and the yield of finished products increases; a new product line of pates with high biopotential and consumer properties is obtained.

2021 ◽  
pp. 108201322110496
Maria Jannell Feliz A Magnaye ◽  
Lotis E Mopera ◽  
Floirendo P Flores

Rice bran protein is an emerging protein source from rice milling that possesses health benefits and emulsifying capacity suitable for hypoallergenic encapsulation applications, especially for lipophilic compounds such as β-carotene. The purpose of this study is to develop and characterize β-carotene encapsulates with maltodextrin and rice bran protein. Rice bran protein was prepared using conventional alkali extraction. β-carotene was added to the composite wall materials (50:50 of 4%, 8%, 12%, and 16% solids content) and spray-dried. Encapsulation efficiency (85–98%) and radical scavenging activity (11–43%) varied proportionally with rice bran protein. Across increasing maltodextrin and rice bran protein content of the feed, carbohydrate content of the microcapsules varied proportionally (50–66%) but protein content was uniform (10–13%). Scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy data suggested successful encapsulation. Release profiles showed decreasing trend with increasing rice bran protein content; co-digestion with rice mitigated negative impacts of rice bran protein. Microcapsules with nutritive potential and health-promoting properties were developed as potential carotenoid delivery systems.

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