communication process
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2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Maria Briana

Purpose This paper explores an important yet overlooked concept in place branding literature, unplanned messages. Focusing on unplanned messages, this study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the concept of spontaneous order in place branding and how to manage the unplanned communication process so as to ensure a high reputational status for a place. Design/methodology/approach This paper builds on past research on place brand communication and proposes a conceptual framework for unplanned messages. Findings Classification schemes for places and place brands are proposed, contributing to place brand management in three aspects: reviewing of decisions and strategies undertaken, assessing current situation and planning way forward when it comes to priorities for place management and development. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first paper that introduces the emergent image and presents a classification scheme for places that contributes to a strategic management program of unplanned messages in place branding.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
pp. 96
Lydia O'Sullivan ◽  
Tomás P. Carroll ◽  
Niamh Clarke ◽  
Sarah Cooper ◽  
Ann Cullen ◽  

Biobanks are repositories of human biological samples and data. They are an important component of clinical research in many disease areas and often represent the first step toward innovative treatments. For biobanks to operate, researchers need human participants to give their samples and associated health data. In Ireland, research participants must provide their freely given informed consent for their samples and data to be taken and used for research purposes. Biobank staff are responsible for communicating the relevant information to participants prior to obtaining their consent, and this communication process is supported by the Participant Information Leaflets and Informed Consent Form (PI/ICFs). PILs/ICFs should be concise, intelligible, and contain relevant information. While not a substitute for layperson and research staff discussions, PILs and ICFs ensure that a layperson has enough information to make an informed choice to participate or not. However, PILs/ICFs are often lengthy, contain technical language and can be complicated and onerous for a layperson to read. The introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation and the related Irish Health Research Regulation presented additional challenges to the Irish biobank community. In May 2019, the National Biobanking Working Group (NBWG) was established in Ireland. It consists of members from diverse research backgrounds located in universities, hospitals and research centres across Ireland and a public/patient partner. The NBWG aimed to develop a suite of resources for health research biobanks via robust and meaningful patient engagement, which are accessible, General Data Protection Regulation/Health Research Regulation-compliant and could be used nationally, including a PIL/ICF template. This open letter describes the process whereby this national biobank PIL/ICF template was produced. The development of this template included review by the Patient Voice in Cancer Research, led by Professor Amanda McCann at University College Dublin and the Health Research Data Protection Network.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. p19
Dilorom R. Ismoilova

English has increasingly become international language for business and commerce, science and technology, international relations and diplomacy. Due to this fact, the purpose of learning a foreign language is communication. Through communication, people send and receive messages and negotiate meaning. Communication has different forms and takes place in different situations. People communicate to satisfy their needs. Heterogeneous interaction is carried out by a native speaker and a non-native one in the purpose of exchanging of ideas, information between two or more individuals. There is usually, at least one speaker or sender, a message which transmitted, and an individual or individuals for whom this message is intended. Communication breakdowns may happen to anybody communicating in a language other than their dominating language. This problem, surely, can be solved but how? The primary aim of this article is to investigate the heterogeneous communication process in the terms of possible breakdown which happens to all people while communicating, so that they are unable to get their messages across express what they mean and what they understand. The author highlights crucial strategies toward solving these disruptions.

Kayla A. Simanek ◽  
Isabelle R. Taylor ◽  
Erica K. Richael ◽  
Erica Lasek-Nesselquist ◽  
Bonnie L. Bassler ◽  

Bacteria use a cell-cell communication process called quorum sensing (QS) to orchestrate collective behaviors. QS relies on the group-wide detection of molecules called autoinducers (AI).

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 13-27
Akmala Hadita ◽  

This study aims to develop a communication model based on local wisdom originating from Sundanese culture, namely Silih Simbeuh, which is carried out by bureaucrats to socialize their policies to the public. The method used is qualitative, with a survey approach – descriptive. Data were collected through interviews, observation, and documentation studies. 29 research informants were determined purposively. Data analysis was carried out through the stages of reduction, display, analysis, and concluding. The objects of research are three governors who actively use social media, namely Anis Baswedan (DKI Jakarta), Ridwan Kamil (West Java), and Ganjar Pranowo (Central Java). The results show that the use of social media can be an effective and efficient communication tool in disseminating policies, through increasing public participation. This is shown in the form of following social media accounts, comments, reposts, and other interactions. The results of other studies show that the communication model using social media based on the Silih Simbeuh concept has proven to be effective in minimizing potential conflicts between policymakers and citizens and between citizens. The research location is narrow, the respondents are limited, and the methods used do not allow for generalizations. Further research is needed with more comprehensive coverage of respondents and methods Silih Simbeuh's local wisdom values can minimize conflicts in the communication process between policymakers and the community

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 54-56
Muna Ali Shakir ◽  
Younis Turki Mahmood ◽  
Dhia Hadi Hussain

There is no doubt that the semiconductor contributed very significantly to changing our world in the long run, which made it very necessary to write this article and shed light on the semiconductor between past and  present. Whereas, this article is not intended to teach you semiconductor chemistry and its applications, but it also aims to refresh your memory with everything related to semiconductors from the moment of sunrise to the present day.As known, people need to communicate with each other in order to meet their daily and professional needs. In the past, the communication process was very difficult and sometimes costly until the emergence of what is known as semiconductors, which in turn opened new purview in the world of communications through its entry into the communication devices industry and computers industry and its ability to processing The data, in turn, facilitated and summarized a very long journey on humans in the field of industry. Today, we are on the beginning of a new sun rise of semiconductor, especially after the emergence of the so-called nanotechnology, where semiconductors have been observed a very large role in the development of this technology, not only but have become Part of the integral ones.

2022 ◽  
pp. 26-42
G. Ramadhas ◽  
A.S. Suman Sankar ◽  
N.V. Sugathan

The present chapter evaluates the growth of literature of Toxicology in Homoeopathy. The Scopus database is used as source for the study. Data pertaining to toxicology in homoeopathy for the period 1963 to 2017 is retrieved and analyzed. The study reveals that toxicology literature grows rapidly in the later stages than in the earlier period. The United States of America is the leading contributors at the global level and India is in second position. Among the contributors, E.J. Calabrese, Professor of Toxicology, University of Massachusetts is the most prolific author for Toxicology in Homoeopathy literature. University of Kalyani and University of Massachusetts are the leading institutions, majority of the records are published in the journal ‘Homoeopathy', which is published from the USA and major contributions are in the subject domain ‘medicine' (65.4 per cent). Most frequently repeated keywords in toxicology of homoeopathy literature are: homoeopathy, humans, non-human, unclassified drug and animals.

2022 ◽  
pp. 307-321
Deniz Özer ◽  
Ümmü Özlem Çerçi

Public relations is a communication process managed strategically and in a planned way. It includes all internal and external communication activities of institutions, including communicating with the target audience, providing information, creating an institutional image. Institutions face uncertainties, unexpected situations, and dangers in times of crisis; they make an effort to seize every opportunity to cope with these. Under changing conditions outside of the normal order, institutions have to act strategically. Institutions that do not care about these strategic studies will have less chance of success. Gaining and maintaining the trust of the internal and external stakeholders of the institution is much more important in times of crisis. The aim of the study is to reveal how crisis communication is handled in the digital environment, also called new media, in the COVID-19 pandemic that affects the whole world. In the study, communication activities of the Ministry of Health of the Turkish Republic will be investigated.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 006-009
Robins D. John

Communication is an essential component for social interaction and personal growth. Communication is simply sharing information from one person to another. Four pillars of effective communication are Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. The article focuses on the basics of communication. It tries to delve deep into the various aspects of the communication process. Developing the LSRW skills would help one to enrich the overall quality of their lives. This article assists the readers to get acquaintance with the skills which are the key for building a better communication.

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