manufacturing method
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Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 140
Wei Jiang ◽  
Wenxiang Zhao ◽  
Tianfeng Zhou ◽  
Liang Wang ◽  
Tianyang Qiu

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation is one of the most effective treatments for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, there are still many complications after stent implantation. As a medical device with a complex structure and small size, the manufacture and post-processing technology greatly impact the mechanical and medical performances of stents. In this paper, the development history, material, manufacturing method, and post-processing technology of vascular stents are introduced. In particular, this paper focuses on the existing manufacturing technology and post-processing technology of vascular stents and the impact of these technologies on stent performance is described and discussed. Moreover, the future development of vascular stent manufacturing technology will be prospected and proposed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 877
Ellen Fernandez ◽  
Mariya Edeleva ◽  
Rudinei Fiorio ◽  
Ludwig Cardon ◽  
Dagmar R. D’hooge

To reduce plastic waste generation from failed product batches during industrial injection molding, the sustainable production of representative prototypes is essential. Interesting is the more recent hybrid injection molding (HM) technique, in which a polymeric mold core and cavity are produced via additive manufacturing (AM) and are both placed in an overall metal housing for the final polymeric part production. HM requires less material waste and energy compared to conventional subtractive injection molding, at least if its process parameters are properly tuned. In the present work, several options of AM insert production are compared with full metal/steel mold inserts, selecting isotactic polypropylene as the injected polymer. These options are defined by both the AM method and the material considered and are evaluated with respect to the insert mechanical and conductive properties, also considering Moldex3D simulations. These simulations are conducted with inputted measured temperature-dependent AM material properties to identify in silico indicators for wear and to perform cooling cycle time minimization. It is shown that PolyJetted Digital acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) polymer and Multi jet fusioned (MJF) polyamide 11 (PA11) are the most promising. The former option has the best durability for thinner injection molded parts, and the latter option the best cooling cycle times at any thickness, highlighting the need to further develop AM options.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 8
Arish Dasan ◽  
Jozef Kraxner ◽  
Luca Grigolato ◽  
Gianpaolo Savio ◽  
Hamada Elsayed ◽  

The present study illustrates the manufacturing method of hierarchically porous 3D scaffolds based on åkermanite as a promising bioceramic for stereolithography. The macroporosity was designed by implementing 3D models corresponding to different lattice structures (cubic, diamond, Kelvin, and Kagome). To obtain micro-scale porosity, flame synthesized glass microbeads with 10 wt% of silicone resins were utilized to fabricate green scaffolds, later converted into targeted bioceramic phase by firing at 1100 °C in air. No chemical reaction between the glass microspheres, crystallizing into åkermanite, and silica deriving from silicone oxidation was observed upon heat treatment. Silica acted as a binder between the adjacent microspheres, enhancing the creation of microporosity, as documented by XRD, and SEM coupled with EDX analysis. The formation of ‘spongy’ struts was confirmed by infiltration with Rhodamine B solution. The compressive strength of the sintered porous scaffolds was up to 0.7 MPa with the porosity of 68–84%.

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 291
Sedigheh Farzaneh ◽  
Mohammadali Shirinbayan

It is clear that viruses, especially COVID-19, can cause infection and injure the human body. These viruses can transfer in different ways, such as in air transfer, which face masks can prevent and reduce. Face masks can protect humans through their filtration function. They include different types and mechanisms of filtration whose performance depends on the texture of the fabric, the latter of which is strongly related to the manufacturing method. Thus, scientists should enrich the information on mask production and quality control by applying a wide variety of tests, such as leakage, dynamic respiratory resistance (DBR), etc. In addition, the primary manufacturing methods (meltblown, spunlaid, drylaid, wetlaid and airlaid) and new additive manufacturing (AM) methods (such as FDM) should be considered. These methods are covered in this study.

Vivek Vishnu ◽  
Vineet Kumar Dwivedi ◽  

The thesis proposes a method for introducing lean manufacturing using string diagram in an operating CNG high pressure storage tank manufacturing job shop at Jayfe Cylinder Ltd. Haryana. By applying lean manufacturing using process layout diagram to produce part families with similar manufacturing processes and stable demand, plants expect to reduce costs and lead-times and improve quality and delivery performance. The thesis outlines a method for assessing, designing, and implementing lean manufacturing using process layout diagram, and illustrates this process with an example. A manufacturing cell that produces high pressure steel tank container for commercial & automobile customers is implemented at cylinder tank Machining Centers. The conclusion of the thesis highlights the key lessons learned from this process.

Bernadett Spisák ◽  
Zoltán Bézi ◽  
Szabolcs Szávai

Welding is accompanied by the presence of weld residual stresses, which in case of dissimilar metal welds even with post weld heat treatment cannot be removed completely therefore they should be considered when assessing possible welding defects. The measurement of residual stress in metal weld is a very complex procedure and also in the investigated case could not be carried out as it is the part of a working plant. However, by modelling these processes, the residual stresses and deformation of the components caused by this manufacturing method can be determined. It is important to calculate these values as accurately as possible to determine the maximum load capacity of the structure. The structure under examination was the dissimilar metal weld of a VVER-440 steam generator. 2D simulations were performed, where temperature and phase-dependent material properties were implemented. Different loading scenarios were considered in the numerical analysis. The results can be useful to determine the real loading conditions of a given component and can be used to predict stress corrosion crack initiation locations, as well as to evaluate the lifetime and failure mode prediction of welded joints.

Herinjaka Haga Ratsimbazafy ◽  
Aurélie Laborel-Préneron ◽  
Camille Magniont ◽  
Philippe Evon

The valorization of available agricultural by-products is important for the development of bio-aggregate based concretes as eco-friendly solutions for building materials. However, their diversity requires to assess their potential of use in vegetal concretes. This study aims to propose simple and relevant multi-physical characterization methods for plant aggregates. Basic and complementary characterizations were carried out on hemp shiv as a reference plant aggregate, and nine by-products available in the South-West part of France, i.e., oleaginous flax shiv, sunflower pith and bark, coriander straw, wheat straw, wheat chaff, corn shuck, miscanthus stem and vine shoot. The basic characterizations performed were those recommended by the TC-RILEM 236 BBM, i.e., particle size distribution, bulk density, water absorption and thermal conductivity. Complementary characterizations have also been proposed, taking into account the possible environment of the binder and the vegetal concrete manufacturing method. The additional tests developed or adapted from previous research assess the following properties: the content of water-soluble compounds at pH 7 and 12, the dry density of plant aggregates compacted in wet state, the real water absorption after compaction and the compression behavior of these compacted aggregates. This complete characterization highlights the distinct behavior of the different agroresources and allows to correlate these characteristics to the use properties of hardened composites.

2022 ◽  
Ou Zhang ◽  
Hongjun Hu ◽  
Huiling Zhang ◽  
Hui Zhao ◽  
Ding-fei Zhang ◽  

Abstract To research the influences of process parameters on a special extrusion-shearmanufacture method for magnesium alloy rods, deform-3d software with finite elementsimulations has been used to analyze the material flows of deformed magnesium alloysAZ31B during the extrusion-shear (ES) process, as well as the grain sizes anddistribution of extrusion loads, stresses and strains, and blank temperatures. Temperaturefields, stress fields, strain fields and temperature fields varying with different blankpreheating temperatures, extrusion speed and extrusion ratios were simulated. Influences ofdifferent extrusion conditions and different die structures on microstructures of rods prepared by ES process has been researched. Extrusion forces decrease with the increasing extrusion temperatures, decreasing extrusion ratios, increasing die channel angles and decreasing friction coefficients. The flow velocities of metal in the ES die increase with development of ES process. Increasing the channel angles and reducing the friction factors would increase the outflow velocities of metal, but it has little effect on the uniformity of metal flow. The increase in friction and extrusion speed would increase the temperatures of the ES die. The ES process can prepare finer and more uniform microstructures than those prepared by direct extrusion under the same conditions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 168781402110704
Jianhua Sun ◽  
Hai Gu ◽  
Jie Zhang ◽  
Yuanyuan Xu ◽  
Guoqing Wu ◽  

SLA (stereolithography), as a rapid and accurate additive manufacturing method, can be used to mold the microchannel. The stair effect is inevitable when the part is printed layer by layer, which has an important influence on the printing performance. In the current work, the power-law flow in the microchannel with nano-scale stairs manufactured by SLA is simulated and investigated. To improve the stability caused by the non-Newtonian behavior, a modified lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is proposed and validated. Then, a series of simulations are conducted and analyzed, the results show that both the stair effect and power-law index are important factors. The stairs on the surface force the streamlines to be curved and increase the outlet velocity. In addition, different power-law indexes result in completely different flows. The small power-law index leads to a much larger velocity than other cases, while the large power-law index makes the outlet velocity unstable at the middle position.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 301
Kamila Sałasińska ◽  
Peteris Cabulis ◽  
Mikelis Kirpluks ◽  
Andrejs Kovalovs ◽  
Paweł Kozikowski ◽  

The production of hybrid layered composites allows comprehensive modification of their properties and adaptation to the final expectations. Different methods, such as hand lay-up, vacuum bagging, and resin infusion were applied to manufacture the hybrid composites. In turn, fabrics used for manufacturing composites were made of glass (G), aramid (A), carbon (C), basalt (B), and flax (F) fibers. Flexural, puncture impact behavior, and cone calorimetry tests were applied to establish the effect of the manufacturing method and the fabrics layout on the mechanical and fire behavior of epoxy-based laminates. The lowest flammability and smoke emission were noted for composites made by vacuum bagging (approximately 40% lower values of total smoke release compared with composites made by the hand lay-up method). It was demonstrated that multi-layer hybrid composites made by vacuum bagging might enhance the fire safety levels and simultaneously maintain high mechanical properties designed for, e.g., the railway and automotive industries.

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