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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 113-116
Ansari Ebrahim

Education is the backbone of a progressive society as it is clear from the statement of Thomas Jefferson “educate the masses” as he believed that in order to make changes in a society, the whole masses should be educated. The term ‘education’ is a popular and common term used by everybody but understood by very few in its right perspective. In educational text books it is defined as a purposive, conscious or unconscious, psychological, sociological, scientific and philosophical process that brings about development of the individual to fullest extent and also the maximum development of society in such a way that both enjoy happiness and prosperity. Despite the existence of infrastructural facilities, economic status and availability of various educational courses, the attitude towards higher education and learning is not found to be positive among the Indian expat students. The ultimate objective of this study is to find out the factors that influence the attitude of the students towards higher education and recommend sufficient measures to improve it.

2021 ◽  
Yassine MOUMEN ◽  
Mariam BENHADOU ◽  
Abdellah HADDOUT

During the course of the industrial 4.0 era, companies have been exponentially developed and have digitized almost the whole business system to stick to their performance targets and to keep or to even enlarge their market share. Maintenance function has obviously followed the trend as it’s considered one of the most important processes in every enterprise as it impacts a group of the most critical performance indicators such as: cost, reliability, availability, safety and productivity. E-maintenance emerged in early 2000 and now is a common term in maintenance literature representing the digitalized side of maintenance whereby assets are monitored and controlled over the internet. According to literature, e-maintenance has a remarkable impact on maintenance KPIs and aims at ambitious objectives like zero-downtime.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-59
Sarah Nicholls

Sustainability has become a common term in the lexicon of most tourism scholars and many industry professionals. Yet active infusion of sustainability thinking and initiatives in practice remains less consistent. This exploratory study investigates awareness and understanding of, and engagement with, sustainability concepts and practices by those involved in – or having the ability to influence – tourism planning. A survey of tourism office directors and planners reveals limited and divergent understanding of the basic underlying characteristics of sustainability amongst these two critical stakeholders groups, both of which are core to the planning, development, marketing and management of tourism. Findings suggest the need for continued effort to translate the huge volume of sustainability-focused tourism research into terms and formats more digestible by industry professionals, as well as opportunities for local entities to take the lead in bringing diverse stakeholders together to drive a greater emphasis on sustainability within their communities.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Burhan bin Che Daud

Usurpation is a common term used by Western historians to describe the illegitimate change of political supremacy inthe context of medieval Muslim states. The taking over of any state without authority is considered an illegal occupationof a legitimate state and its leader is considered illegitimate or usurper. This paper attempts to shed some lights on thenotion of political legitimacy and authority in Islamic tradition and its application in the context of medieval Syria,particularly during the Zengid dynasty. This period experienced the coming of the second crusade to the East with therevitalization of the spirit of jihad was on its way among the Syrian Muslims. This paper argues that the Zengid dynastywas trying to uphold the institution of the caliphate through recognizing the spiritual leadership of the ‘Abbasid caliphof Baghdad as well as acquiring political legitimacy to administer their subject on behalf of the caliph and the Seljuqsultan. Through adherence to the Sunni tradition of political legitimacy, Zengi (d. 541/1146) and Nur al-Din (d.569/1174) succeeded in promoting Sunnism by means of Muslim unity and jihad enterprise. As a result, after theannexation of Egypt from the Fatimid caliphate in 565/1171, Muslims in Syria and Egypt were unified under the bannerof Sunnism with Nur al-Din as their new legitimate ruler

2021 ◽  
Keegan McBride ◽  
Maximilian Kupi ◽  
Joanna J. Bryson

Agility has become a common term when it comes to today's discourse on digitalization and government transformation. There is a widely held view that governmental bureaucracy with its laws, regulations, institutions, and `red tape' is unable to keep up with a rapidly changing and digitizing society. It is now often claimed that the solution is for governments to become agile. Along these lines, the resulting discourse on `agile government' posits that government is not agile now, but it could be, and if it were agile then government would be more e?ective, adaptive, and, thus, normatively better. We argue that while agility can represent a useful paradigm in some contexts, it is often applied inappropriately in the governmental context due to a lack of understanding about what `agile' is, and what it is not.

L. Maliarchuk

This article studies the essence of the basic remuneration in comparison with the enforcement fee, the specifics of their collection during the formation of enforcement proceeding laws during the independence of Ukraine and their evolution into "enforcement sanction" − a common term for these two concepts introduced by the new draft law "On Enforcement of Decisions". It has been determined in the article that the basic remuneration of the private executers is collected in the manner prescribed for the collection of the enforcement fee. Therefore, the enforcement fee and the basic remuneration of the private executers are defined mostly as identical concepts. However, it is sometimes unacceptable to apply the enforcement fee rules to the basic remuneration, in particular, in the event of exemption from payment of the enforcement fee, when lien is put on property to secure claims, or when the enforcement fee is refunded due to revocation of the court order, which is confirmed at the level of judicial practice.It is summarized that the enforcement fee and the basic remuneration are, first of all, fees for decisions enforcement, and, at the same time, they serve as punishment for the debtor's failure to execute the decision voluntarily (before the enforcement document is delivered) and encourage the defender to execute the decision voluntarily without the involvement of law enforcement agencies. The article positively points out the dualistic legal nature of these funds and the preservation of this nature in the new draft law in the context of the enforcement sanction and specifies which regulation features of this nature should be improved. For instance, in the article it is considered to be appropriate to reduce the enforcement sanction, if the debtor executes the court order himself within a short period from the beginning of the order enforcement or if the enforcement document is returned or the order enforcement is terminated without actual execution. Кeywords: means of enforcement proceedings, the amount of recovery, actual execution, return of the enforcement document, termination of enforcement proceedings.

2020 ◽  
Dattatreya Mukherjee

Cancer vaccine is a very common term for many people after FDA approved theTriple Negative Breast Cancer based vaccine of Cleveland Clinic, USA. So what is aCancer Vaccine and do it prevent cancer. Lets discuss these in this article.First Cancer Vaccine is not a preventive vaccine, its a therapeutic vaccine. What doesit means? It means it will increase the immunity against the tumor cells i.e its a partof immuno-targeted therapy. Now how does it works?Basic mechanism is the process to increase the amount of T cells against TumorAssociated Antigen (TAA). Mostly DNA/RNA/DC/CART are used to activate MHCI and II and thus increase CD4 helper and CD8 cytotoxic T cells Or use somemodified peptide or virus (Oncolytic Vaccine) to get the same mechanism.

Engineering is crucial for economic development in developed and developing countries. With various changes taking place globally over the years, it has had influence on all aspect of human endeavor and we are now at a time of pervasive breakout of technologies known as the fourth industrial revolution. This study therefore conceptualizes excellence VS relevance in engineering education in the era of the fourth industrial revolution by first demystifying what the fourth industrial revolution is and then conceptualizing excellence and relevance in engineering education. Findings from the study revealed that Findings from the study revealed that the world is at a stage of massive changes and this requires solutions to these numerous changes. It was also found out that excellence and relevance are not new as it is a common term used across various spheres of human life especially within the university where excellence in research and learning is emphasized. The study recommended that STEM education should be encouraged across board so as to develop the skills necessary in the fourth industrial age and also effort should be made at intensifying action on adopting some of the technologies that are emerging in the fourth industrial revolution especially in the developing countries.

2020 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-12
Joanna Bourke

Sadism is a concept that is applied to rape–torture and rape–murder as well as the pleasures of consensual sadomasochism. From the 1890s, forensic psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing was responsible for popularising the term. This article explores Krafft-Ebing’s understanding of the “degenerative” sadist and looks at how popular and psychiatric ideas changed over the past century. Why did it quickly become a common term in society? Why was sadism regarded as a “perversion” of “normal” male sexuality? In forensic terms, one interesting thing about the invention of sadism is why it needed to be coined in the first place. What was it about the sexual that necessitated a different category?

Andrea Budac ◽  
Céline Gareau-Brennan ◽  
David Mucz ◽  
Michael McNally ◽  
Dinesh Rathi

The Government of Canada identifies numeracy as a foundational skill for work, learning, and life. Libraries have historically been champions of literacy; however, the role of libraries in developing numeracy skills is understudied. Specifically, there is a critical gap in studying numeracy programs offered by public libraries. This exploratory study examines the state of numeracy programming at five major urban public libraries in Canada (Calgary Public Library, Edmonton Public Library, Bibliothèques de Montréal, Ottawa Public Library, and Toronto Public Library) to understand the types and varieties of numeracy programs that they offer. The frequency of programs, the intended age range, and the program content are the main foci of this paper. The researchers examined 1166 program listings by scraping programming information from the five libraries’ websites. The data was collected for the second week of December 2015 and relied on programming descriptions from libraries' websites. Results showed that a total of 65 programs (5.6% of total programs) covered numeracy related skills. Overall, the options to learn about numeracy concepts were very limited at all of the libraries in the sample. Calgary offered the highest number of children-focused numeracy programs, while Toronto offered the greatest number of adult-focused numeracy programs. “Math/mathematics” was the most common term used to describe numeracy-related programs. This exploratory study underscores the need for greater investigation of numeracy programming in public libraries.

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