Maximum Development
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2021 ◽  
Vol 908 (1) ◽  
pp. 012012
A A Ananin ◽  
I A Aiurzanaeva

Abstract Inter-annual variations in the total number of birds in floodplains of rivers are mainly associated with their flooding. The minimum population density during the nesting period was in a year with high and prolonged spring floods. The restoration and maximum development of shrubs took place with a significant simultaneous increase in the abundance of birds in subsequent years. Drying and simplification of vegetation cover were noted in all floodplain bird habitats during low-water periods. This process was accompanied by a decline in the number of birds. We identified four groups of bird species according to the criterion of the relationship “abundance – level and duration of the flood”. In the first group of bird species, abundance increased during high floods (3 species). In the second group, the abundance decreased sharply during high and prolonged floods (7 species). In the third group, the level and duration of the spring flood did not affect the abundance (9 species). In the fourth group, a very weak tendency of the negative flood level impact on the abundance of birds was noted (6 species).

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 113-116
Ansari Ebrahim

Education is the backbone of a progressive society as it is clear from the statement of Thomas Jefferson “educate the masses” as he believed that in order to make changes in a society, the whole masses should be educated. The term ‘education’ is a popular and common term used by everybody but understood by very few in its right perspective. In educational text books it is defined as a purposive, conscious or unconscious, psychological, sociological, scientific and philosophical process that brings about development of the individual to fullest extent and also the maximum development of society in such a way that both enjoy happiness and prosperity. Despite the existence of infrastructural facilities, economic status and availability of various educational courses, the attitude towards higher education and learning is not found to be positive among the Indian expat students. The ultimate objective of this study is to find out the factors that influence the attitude of the students towards higher education and recommend sufficient measures to improve it.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 17-29
Ramadhan Razali ◽  
Angga Syahputra ◽  
Almira Keumala Ulfah

This study aims to analyze the strategy and development of the halal industry in the province of Aceh. This research is qualitative research, using a literature review approach from various previous studies. This study uses secondary data obtained from journals, documentation, books, and reports from related parties such as the literally Central Agency on Statistics, LPPOM MPU, LPPOM MUI, Aceh Culture and Tourism Office, and related parties.The results of the study found that Aceh Province is one of the provinces that implement sharia in all sectors. The application of Islam is not only in banking but is also applied to tourism, food, and other halal industries, however, the optimization of the halal industry cannot be felt optimally. The development of a halal industry strategy needs support from the local government. One strategy that must be done is to issue a halal certificate easily but professionally. In addition, to maximize the halal industry, especially halal tourism, local governments must also pay attention to the existing infrastructure. With the maximum development strategy carried out, it is expected to increase the halal industry, especially halal tourism in Aceh Province

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (S1) ◽  
pp. 100-112
Alvin T. Dulin

This paper presents the status of Language Across Curriculum (LAC) as an approach in developing the speaking skills of the students in a public university, particularly at Cagayan State University. It provides baseline data on how English teachers, content area teachers, administrators and the administrative personnel develop students’ speaking skills in school-based speaking transactions and learning experiences. The study utilizes the descriptive method of research employing survey and comparative techniques supplemented by Focus Group Discussion and actual voice recordings. Findings reveal that LAC is evidently adopted as an approach in developing the speaking skills of students; however, the efforts in carrying this out are not consistent due to lack of a policy requiring the use of English in school-based communications. Both students and teachers assess that students do not receive maximum development of their speaking skills due to limited exposure in the use of English. Trainings and orientation on the role of the school community members, most especially among content-area teachers and administrative personnel and more extensive use of English as a medium of communication in the school are highly encouraged.

Ю.И. Родин ◽  
С.Н. Сорокоумова ◽  
Т.Н. Новикова

В работе анализируется драма современного человека, утратившего способность к полноте и радости проживания «живой жизни» как прикосновения к вечности; раскрывается образ возможного человека, главная страсть которого — исполниться, состояться; формулируются условия достижения индивидом предельного состояния, в котором он может совершить акт превосхождения себя; прослеживается путь рождения человеческого в человеке от неосознаваемого прошлого, настоящего и будущего новорожденного до реализации им потенций своего развития, поиска смысла жизни. При написании статьи применялись диалектический, культурно-аналитический и трасндисциплинарный подходы к теоретическому анализу концепций о единой субстанции Б. Спинозы, познаваемости мира И. М. Сеченова, личности и обществе Н. А. Бердяева, человеке в культуре М. К. Мамардашвили, идеального в трактовке Э. В. Ильенкова, культурно-исторической, деятельностной парадигм (Л. С. Выготский, А. Н. Леонтьев, А. А. Леонтьев, В. В. Давыдов, Д. Б. Эльконин, В. В. Рубцов, Б. Д. Эльконин). Результаты проведенного исследования раскрывают драматизм становления возможного человека, требующего непрерывно возобновляемых и длительных усилий, живых напряжений и волевых состояний, способности к достижению бесконечно «ценностных» ценностей культуры, а также авторский взгляд на обучение и воспитание как на процесс постепенного познания воспитанника и реализации его задатков в совместно-разделительной деятельности, его движения при посредничестве взрослого к постижению смысла жизненных ситуаций, поиску смысла жизни, что определяет теоретическую и практическую значимость. The article analyzes the tragedy of modern people who have lost their ability to live a fulfilled life, to fully appreciate the joy of life, to feel the breath of eternity. The article describes human potential, i.e. an individual’s desire to reach their full potential, to achieve the maximum development of their potential. The article discusses the prerequisites for an individual’s improvement, their capacity for reaching the limit of their ability to develop their skills. The article traces a person’s path and experience as they go from a faded past and an obscure future to the present fulfilment through various activities on their pursuit of the meaning of life. The authors of the article employed dialectic, cultural-analytical and transdisciplinary approaches to the theoretical assessment of B. Spinosa’s theory of unified entity, I. M. Sechenov’s concept of the cognizability of the world, N. A. Berdayev’s interpretation of an individual and society, M. K. Mamardashvili’s theory of an individual in the cultural environment, E. V. Ilyenkov’s theory of the ideal, L’ S’ Vygotsky’s, A. N. Leontyev’s, A. A. Leontyev’s, V. V. Davyvod’s, D. B. Elkonin’s, V. V. Rubtsov’s and B. D. Elkonin’s cultural-historical activity paradigms. The results of the research reveal the dramatic nature of an individual’s fulfilment, which requires continuous mental and physical effort, an individual’s ability to fully appreciate cultural values. The theoretical and practical significance of the research consists in the fact that the article discusses the authors’ ideas about education and upbringing as a process of continuous exploration of learners’ capacities and abilities aimed at their complete fulfilment, as a process of guidance through life situations, assistance in the pursuit of the meaning of life.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (7) ◽  
pp. e40010716796
Thayane Miranda Alves ◽  
Cintia Megid Barbieri ◽  
Marco Aurelio Gomes ◽  
Heitor Ceolin Araujo ◽  
Nathália de Oliveira Visquette ◽  

Microcephaly is described as a reduction of the head circumference, due to the premature fusion of the bones of the skull, preventing the brain from growing normally and reaching its maximum development. This condition may result in neurological disorders, phonation and chewing dysfunction, dysphagia and risk of malnutrition. This alteration contributes to oral hygiene impairment, and continuous uses of the antipsychotic and anticonvulsant medication. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate if microcephaly modified redox balance in saliva. Our hypothesis is that in the microcephalic patient's salivary oxidative stress is lower because of the increase in antioxidant defenses. The study included 13 patients with microcephaly (microcephalic group – MC) and 12 patients without neurological disorders (normocephalic group – NC), from zero to ten years old, no edentulous. Saliva was collected using a cotton wool swab, placing it on the child's mouth floor. After centrifugation, supernatants were fractionated and stored at -80 °C for analyses. Lipid oxidative was evaluated by TBARS methods, total antioxidant capacity by the ferric reducing ability (FRAP) assay, uric acid (UA) was quantified by modified Trinder reaction, and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD) by inhibition of the pyrogallol auto-oxidation. Total protein was measured using the method of Lowry.  Compared to NC group, TBARS was significantly lower in MC group, while FRAP, UA and SOD were higher. Our hypothesis was confirmed. MC patients have lower salivary oxidative stress, due to increased oxidant defenses.

2021 ◽  
Vol 101 (1) ◽  
pp. 93-98
N.A. Rungsh ◽  

This article is devoted to the use of mnemonic techniques for memorizing the tone of Chinese characters. At present, the ties with the East are strengthening, and more and more people becomeinterested in Chinese. It is difficult to study primarily because of the tones, the incorrect use of which can distort the meaning of a word and even a whole sentence. Therefore, from the first day of training, it is important to pay due attention to them, to practice this aspect. Students who study Chinese may face a number of problems, such as: the inability to distinguish the tone by hearing, the inability to reproduce the basic tones, the inability to remember the correct tone, the inability to reproduce the tones in context, ignorance of phonological rules, mixing tones and intonations. To solve these problems, one can learn the Chinese tones using different resources and techniques. The object of the study is the mnemonic techniques used in the study of Chinese characters. In the course of the study, the following task was set: to determine an effective way of memorizing Chinese characters using mnemonics. The effectiveness of the method was tested experimentally. We have considered examples of legends (stories) created by the authors of the article to remember the direction of the tone. It is important to say these stories-legends aloud, presenting a picture in your head, creating an associative series. The use of mnemonic techniques for memorizing the tone of Chinese characters contributes to the maximum development of imaginative thinking, the creation of stable associations, as well as increasing the time of concentration

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 75-90
Salma Azzah Azahra Zein ◽  
Muniroh Munawar ◽  
Nila Kusumaningtyas

The low ability of problem solving in children requires stimulation efforts in early childhood education, one of which is through the management of the maximum play environment that educators can do in optimizing problem solving abilities in children.  The problem in this study is about the implementation of learning with a play environment that raises problem solving abilities in children aged 5-6 years.  This research was conducted at the Center of Excellence Paud Taman Belia Candi, Semarang City.  This type of research is qualitative research in descriptive form.  Researchers use a naturalist approach, namely the presence of researchers directly in the field.  This study discusses the analysis of indoor play environment that supports problem solving abilities in children aged 5-6 years.  The results showed that the problem-solving ability of children aged 5-6 years could be improved through structuring the play environment in such a way as that at the Center of Excellence PAUD Taman Belia Candi Semarang.  In order for children to achieve maximum development in the aspects of cognitive development in the scope of problem solving development, it is necessary to organize an environment that stimulates or invites children (inviting classroom), facilitates multi-sensory children and provides opportunities for activities for children.  Based on the results of this study, the suggestion that can be conveyed is that in each learning process, the teacher can add knowledge and skills in arranging the indoor learning environment through various sources so that the center room is arranged in an optimal state for the learning process.

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