health and development
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 205395172110692
Author(s):  
Irina Lut ◽  
Katie Harron ◽  
Pia Hardelid ◽  
Margaret O’Brien ◽  
Jenny Woodman

Research has shown that paternal involvement positively impacts on child health and development. We aimed to develop a conceptual model of dimensions of fatherhood, identify and categorise methods used for linking fathers with their children in administrative data, and map these methods onto the dimensions of fatherhood. We carried out a systematic scoping review to create a conceptual framework of paternal involvement and identify studies exploring the impact of paternal exposures on child health and development outcomes using administrative data. We identified four methods that have been used globally to link fathers and children in administrative data based on family or household identifiers using address data, identifiable information about the father on the child's birth registration, health claims data, and Personal Identification Numbers. We did not identify direct measures of paternal involvement but mapping linkage methods to the framework highlighted possible proxies. The addition of paternal National Health Service numbers to birth notifications presents a way forward in the advancement of fatherhood research using administrative data sources.


2022 ◽  
Vol 40 ◽  
Author(s):  
Fernanda de Brito Matiello ◽  
Jeniffer Stephanie Marques Hilário ◽  
Ellen Cristina Gondim ◽  
Darci Neves Santos ◽  
Débora Falleiros de Mello

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify scientific knowledge about the attention to health surveillance and development of Brazilian children under the age of three years involving the Congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) Syndrome. Data sources: This is an integrative literature review of primary studies with Brazilian children under three years of age from 2015 to 2019. The searches were carried out in the databases Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), US National Library of Medicine (PubMed), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), SCOPUS and Web of Science. It was carried out by crossing the keywords in English (child, child development and Zika virus) and in Portuguese (criança, desenvolvimento infantil e Zika vírus), with the combination of the Boolean operator “AND”. Data synthesis: The knowledge produced is related to the specific health and development problems of children affected by the Congenital ZIKV Syndrome, with clinical characteristics, care demands, multiprofessional performance, health monitoring and surveillance needs. Conclusions: This integrative review synthesized scientific knowledge by adding aspects that reinforce the relevance of appropriate approaches to assess and care for children, linked to the engagement of caregivers, the need to document, evaluate and track the situations of children in early childhood and long-term, management coordination of care and its challenges in the context of primary health care.


2022 ◽  
pp. 127-148
Author(s):  
Nomfundo Nomcebo Zulu

The study employed the post-positivist epistemology to examine the impact of water scarcity to food security in three rural areas of Ulundi Local Municipality. A stratified random sampling technique was utilised to sample 400 respondents. Data was collected through self-designed questionnaires. Correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between the variables. The findings showed a strong positive correlation between economic and social development, water access, and scarcity. There was also a positive relationship between water access and household food security. Water access also had a strong positive relationship with public health and development. The study concludes that water access influences food security, public health, human growth, and development. It is recommended that the municipality should improve water access in order to improve food security, public health, and development in the rural communities.


Author(s):  
V. N. Strelnikova

The article deals with significant changes that are associated with total informatization, which is a powerful converter of economic, social and other types of life activity of society. The author notes that at the same time, the satisfaction of information needs, the state of the information space for minors should be subject to moderate regulation. Attention is drawn to the fact that the intensive growth of the diversity of information and communication technologies is today the dominant environment for the development of a modern child. The characteristics of information harmful to the health and development of children are given. It is proved that relying on the principles of a systematic approach makes it possible to competently organize and correctly carry out the process of achieving the state of protection of children in the information space by various methods and means. Ensuring the information security of childhood is defined by the author as a system; the components of the system of ensuring the information security of childhood (methodological, regulatory, organizational and activity, effective) are highlighted.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Amy Brown ◽  
Natalie Shenker

Abstract Background: Donor human milk (DHM) protects the health and development of premature infants but there has been little examination of the broader impact of an infant receiving it upon parental mental health. Breastfeeding and mental health are closely tied with women who experience breastfeeding difficulties or are unable to meet their own breastfeeding goals often experiencing feelings of guilt, sadness and anger, alongside an increased risk of postnatal depression. The aim of the current study was to explore how experience of receiving DHM for their baby affected the wellbeing of parents.Methods: UK parents of infants aged 0 – 12 months who had received screened DHM from a milk bank (typically on the neonatal unit or in some cases in the community) completed an online questionnaire exploring their experiences. The questionnaire included Likert scale items examining perceived impact upon infant health, own wellbeing and family functioning alongside open-ended questions exploring perceptions of how receiving DHM affected wellbeing.Results: Almost all of the 107 participants (women=102) agreed that receiving DHM had a positive impact upon infant health and development, their own mental and physical health, and their family’s wellbeing. Parents felt relieved that their infant was receiving DHM for health reasons but also due to the experience of being listened to, supported and having their infant feeding decisions facilitated. Receiving DHM helped mothers to process some of their emotions at not being able to breastfeed, in part because knowing their baby was being fed gave them the space to focus on recovery and bonding with their baby. Some parents did experience challenges, feeling guilty at receiving DHM, insecure that another woman was able to feed their baby when they could not, with some negative reactions from family. Although the impact of receiving DHM upon breastfeeding was not measured, some women who were working to build their own milk supply noted that it helped motivate them to continue.Conclusions: DHM may play an important role not only in protecting infant health and development but in supporting the mental health and wellbeing of mothers for whom their infant receiving human milk is important.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (3) ◽  
pp. 180-183
Author(s):  
Shinta Novelia ◽  
Rosmawati Lubis ◽  
Linda Yuliani ◽  
Hadrian Marta

Background: The nutritional status of pregnant women greatly affects the health and development of the fetus. Impaired growth in the womb can cause low birth weight, which triggers stunting. Stunting is a condition of toddlers who have short body size and are not suitable for age caused by malnutrition from both mother and child. Objective: to determine the implementation of stunting prevention programs during the Covid- 19 pandemic at the work area of the Banjar Health Center, Pandeglang Regency in 2021. Methodology: The study used in this study was an analytic observational study with a cross sectional approach. The sample in this study was 100 respondents using SPSS with a frequency distribution table using univariate analysis. Results: The research variable for the class of pregnant women obtained a value of 72.0%, for giving Biscuits additional foods a value of 93.0% and for counseling of ranting kelor obtained a value of 81.0%. Conclusions and Recommendations: Prevention of stunting after the Covid-19 pandemic greatly affects the program activities carried out by the Banjar Health Center. It is hoped that this research can provide information, especially to pregnant women and the public, about the importance of preventing stunting since pregnancy.


Communicology ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (4) ◽  
pp. 148-159
Author(s):  
A. K. Polyanina

The technologically determined hyperbolic growth of communicative connectivity and the imperfection of administrative mechanisms of control over this process lead to an emergence of new phenomena and new risks, including risks in relation to the most vulnerable social group – children. The article proposes a new approach to describing the nature of the risks of the media space in relation to the health and development of children. Minimization of these risks is defined by the author as the goal of ensuring the information security of children. New qualities of risks are described on the basis of a hypernet model of media communication and developed on the basis of the hypernetwork brain theory. The author specifies the properties of hypernet education and their riskiness, mediated by the network morphology of connections, which implies the impossibility or ineffectiveness of the application of customary management practices. The vulnerability of the child group to these risks stem from the psychological immaturity. The importance of the phenomenalization of “media” and “information” is noted for the purposes of information policy and security – media security. The article reveals the tendencies of the media hypernetwork that increase the risks, especially the growth in the speed and volume of information transfer provided by technologies, which excludes the action of the well-known mechanisms for regulating the circulation of information and filtering content.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 373-377
Author(s):  
Maria Ulfa ◽  
Laily Prima Monica

The decrease of the active presence of toddlers at the posyandu has become a problem for health workers in monitoring the health and development of infants and toddlers in their working areas. This is due to several reasons, one of which is from the mothers who are lazy and do not know what is the benefits they will get when they are taken to the posyandu. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of health education to the active presence of mothers to take their toddlers to posyandu. Methods: This study used a "Pre-Experimental" design. The sample was 30 respondents taken by using purposive sampling technique. The independent variable was health education and the dependent variable was active presence of mother to take their toddler to posyandu. The instrument used health education materials and observations on the respondent's attendance book in the last 8 months. Result: the sattistical Wilcoxon rankTest showed p value = 0.05. This meant that health education affected the active presence of mothers in bringing their toddlers to join the posyandu at Polindes Semen, Gandusari District. Based on the result, it is expected to all mothers to be active in joining Posyandu so that they can get education on how to stimulate and check their children's growth and development. For health workers, the results of this study can be used as an input so that they can improve the provision of counseling during posyandu activities and the target of achieving the presence of infants and toddlers in the areas can be achieved.


PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (12) ◽  
pp. e0261643
Author(s):  
Fiona C. Burgemeister ◽  
Sharinne B. Crawford ◽  
Naomi J. Hackworth ◽  
Stacey Hokke ◽  
Jan M. Nicholson

This scoping review examines the strength of evidence for the effectiveness of public policy-led place-based initiatives designed to improve outcomes for disadvantaged children, their families and the communities in which they live. Study designs and methods for evaluating such place-based initiatives were assessed, along with the contexts in which initiatives were implemented and evaluated. Thirty-two reports relating to 12 initiatives were included. Eleven initiatives used a quasi-experimental evaluation to assess impact, although there were considerable design variations within this. The remaining initiative used a pre- and post- evaluation design. Place-based initiatives by definition aim to improve multiple and interrelated outcomes. We examined initiatives to determine what outcomes were measured and coded them within the five domains of pregnancy and birth, child, parent, family and community. Across the 83 outcomes reported in the 11 studies with a comparison group, 30 (36.4%) demonstrated a positive outcome, and all but one initiative demonstrated a positive outcome in at least one outcome measure. Of the six studies that examined outcomes more than once post baseline, 10 from 38 outcomes (26.3%) demonstrated positive sustained results. Many initiatives were affected by external factors such as policy and funding changes, with unknown impact on their effectiveness. Despite the growth of place-based initiatives to improve outcomes for disadvantaged children, the evidence for their effectiveness remains inconclusive.


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