Revista Tempos e Espaços em Educação
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Published By Revista Tempos E Espacos Em Educacao

2358-1425, 1983-6597
Updated Saturday, 05 June 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e14117
Author(s):  
Paulo Rogério de Lima ◽  
Sílvia Maria Nóbrega-Therrien ◽  
Cesar Augusto Sadalla Pinto

This article aimed to (re)constitute historic aspects of the educational process in Icó – CE, with emphases in the education of the local inhabitants, from 1599 to 1759, that is situated in the Brazilian colonial period. Therefore, it was realized a documental study, exploring some writings by local authors as Couto (1962) and Lima (1995). Education in Icó in Brazil Colonia was not a peaceful process. On contrary, it was in the beginning characterized by tensions, violence and resistance, because the native Indians insisted on defending their territory against European invaders. The religious indoctrination was a way used by determinators to subjugate native people culturally of Brazilian territory. The construction of Nossa Senhora da Expectação Church, in 1709, was a fundamental milestone to stabilization of the educating priests and organization of village routine.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15731
Author(s):  
Seçil Besim Ayhan ◽  
Şengül Başarı ◽  
Ziya Öztürkler ◽  
Senem İnce

In accordance with the new social order required by the new type corona virus, several areas such as education, health, culture and transportation continue to transform with the social policies followed by states. The states, where the virus has spread and affected the whole world, make new regulations in the context of social policy and develop new models. In this case, it is seen that a link is established between politics and biological life. Depending on biological processes, governments focus on the needs of the era and social life. Thus, it is observed that a "bio-political" transformation is under construction. After the Covid 19 pandemic, all governments have imposed new social regulations so that they can implement education policies as an effective social government policy. In this regard, the statements that it would be the right decision to interrupt face-to-face education for a while in educational institutions came to the fore. In addition, the necessity of taking social measures in order not to keep students away from education and to ensure the continuity of education was also among the issues emphasized. From this point of view, the aim of the study is to evaluate and interpret the requests submitted by university students studying in our country during the Covid 19 pandemic to the hotline established by the TRNC Higher Education and Foreign Relations Office (YÖDİD). The study was carried out with a qualitative method and uses a case study design. Hotline reports were used as data collection tools. Findings obtained were interpreted by descriptive analysis. Requests between 07 April - 17 May 2020 have been included in the research. Support requests focused on issues such as return to the country, food, online education problems, payment problems and scholarship.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15776
Author(s):  
Zinovii Onyshkiv ◽  
Yaroslava Kodliuk ◽  
Tetiana Lesina ◽  
Olena Malyna ◽  
Nadya Kichuk

The article describes the directions of modernization of preparation of future elementary school teachers in the countries of the European Community, analyzes the normative documents, which reflect the basic requirements for professional pedagogical training. The ways of standardization of elementary school teachers training in pedagogical colleges at the pedagogical faculties of universities are distinguished: national standard of qualified teacher, national curriculum, criteria for professional and pedagogical readiness of the university graduates are defined and reflected in their qualification characteristics. Psychological-pedagogical component, which includes a cycle of psycho-pedagogical disciplines, is recognized as a priority in the professional training of teachers. A characteristic feature of professional pedagogical training is two-phase – academic and practical training, two-stage system of training: at the level of bachelor and master. The tendency to reduce the number of pedagogical colleges and their accession to universities is indicated. The integration of pedagogical education of the countries of the European Community is characterized and the principles of development of the European educational space are named. Four paradigms that coexist in the educational systems of European countries are distinguished: academic-traditional, technological, individual, and research-oriented. The role of pedagogical practice in the system of preparation of future primary school teachers in the countries of Europe is characterized, its types and duration are distinguished.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e14098
Author(s):  
Yago Melo de Lima ◽  
Tânia Regina Lobato dos Santos ◽  
Rejane de Assis Oliveira Monteiro

This paper writes about the reflections of four ordinary teachers and one special education teacher, of a public school in the school inclusion context. Analyze the reflections in relation to the acceptance and reception of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in the school environment. The problem to be solved is the following: how do the acceptance and reception of students with ASD occur in the school? It configures in a snippet of a qualitative and field research based on Teixeira (2010) and Oliveira (2012), developed in a public school in the municipal education system located in Belém-PA in 2017. The theoretical contribution of the investigation was anchored on Orrú (2012, 2016) and Mantoan (2013, 2015), that study and research about autism and school inclusion. The reflections of the five teachers reveal alarming situations, such as resistance to accepting and welcoming of students with autism in the school context, because some factors interfere in the classroom and school routine, which calls the need of this space to reflect and revise his pedagogical proposal. However, the research also reveals educational situations that enable the school inclusion.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15642
Author(s):  
Henrique Moraes Júnior ◽  
Ivanilde Apoluceno de Oliveira

Summary The article focuses on Enrique Dussel's Philosophy of Liberation, with the aim of reflecting on the articulation between modernity, the Eurocentric paradigm and the world paradigm. In this sense, the article develops the discussion on rationality and irrationality of modernity (myth of modernity) and its transmodernity (overcoming), as it is directly related to the question of the negative dialectical method with the negation of otherness - of indigenous populations - in philosophical systems. Eurocentric totality and points out the analytical movement as overcoming, expanding and liberating the negative dialectical method. It also outlines the intercultural philosophy of Rául Fornet-Betancourt, which aims at a symmetrical dialogue between philosophical knowledge. It is inferred, from the Liberation of the Other as Alterity and Interculturality, the concrete existence of a dialogical relationship between philosophical knowledge, enabling greater cosmological, philosophical and educational enrichment, as well as the teaching of intercultural philosophy in indigenous schools. In this study, the bibliographic review is the methodological strategy used.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15662
Author(s):  
Şengül Başarı ◽  
Seçil Besim Ayhan

Creative drama and bibliotherapy are among the most frequently mentioned methods in the field of education recently. The applicability of Creative Drama as a method in many areas is revealed by different studies, and bibliotherapy is becoming widespread as an effective method, especially in the fields of Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Psychology and Psychiatry. From this point of view, the objective of this study is to synthesize and display the importance and field of application of these two methods through different studies and to contribute to the formation of a perspective as regards the usage of these methods by educators. For this purpose, a review was prepared by examining the studies on creative drama and bibliotherapy. Descriptive survey method was used in the research. National and international literature was surveyed and the articles obtained as a result of the research were evaluated and interpreted in general.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15619
Author(s):  
Alexey Mikhalovich Kamenskiy ◽  
Sergey Nikolaevich Kariagin

The article deals with the organization of the collective project activities at school. Leading projects, described in the article, fit into the program for the extracurricular work development. We emphasized the importance of social partnership, interaction with creative unions of the city, public associations, sports societies, etc. A new effective model of interaction between subjects of educational activity is proposed in the framework of the long-term socially-oriented projects implementation, containing educational, cultural and developmental potential. As an additional effect, we noted the development of leadership abilities of participants in educational relations.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15620
Author(s):  
Alexander Mikhailovich Gerashchenko ◽  
Tatyana Leonidovna Shaposhnikova ◽  
Oksana Roaldovna Tuchina ◽  
Olga Antonovna Gordienko ◽  
Alena Yuryevna Egorova

Additional, creatively oriented education of the younger generation of Russians in school technoparks requires studying the characteristics of Generation Z. The values were compared as noted by respondents (1st-year students and university entrants) among different generations of Russians: their own world (the world of children), the world of parents and the world of grandparents. All the three generations are dominated by being oriented towards hard work, study, mutual assistance both within the global environment and within a small society, that is, within family. These positions are represented by the phraseological layers of the language, which indicates their presence in the Russian national value worldview. In the world of parents and in that of children, the emergence of new groups of values ​​ absent in the world of grandparents is recorded: orientation towards consumer values, perceived from advertising in the media, and at the same time the extinction of the value of serving the homeland. A new value stands out in the world of children – a humorous approach to life problems, which can be considered global because it contains quotations from world literature and borrowed phraseological units. This value is distinguished by an optimistic view of the world and the role of man in it, which is characteristic of youth. The research results allow asserting that Generation Z is ready to be creative and is oriented towards technology. Taking into account the peculiarities of the generation allows scientifically organizing educational leisure activities in technoparks.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15613
Author(s):  
Pedro Rolando Apolo Valdivia ◽  
Fernando Esteban Núñez Vara ◽  
Francis Díaz Flores ◽  
Felipe Guizado Oscco

This article includes in essence the revision of the curriculum structure in force at the Professional School of Art of the University of San Marcos, where the curriculum has been analyzed    in detail, with the intention of showing the articulation of competences and their proper integration into the curricular lines that make up the educational program of the career. Also, for this purpose has it been prevailing to observe the egress profile, since only through the proper identification of the process’s evaluation can measure the achievement of skills, skills and skills required in artistic training. The study is based on the curriculum design strategies proposed by the authors Becerra and La Serna (2019).


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (33) ◽  
pp. e15611
Author(s):  
Stefanny Colonia Cerna ◽  
Doris Fuster-Guillén ◽  
Angélica Sánchez Castro ◽  
Hugo Wálter Maldonado Leyva ◽  
Teodoro Víctor Cabezas Ramírez

The work conducted a bibliographic review on alphabetization scientific, which is understood as the ability to use scientific knowledge in order to understand and help make decisions about the actual world. It also sought to explain the evolution of the dimensions of scientific literacy and to present theoretical proposals for methodological strategies to help improve it. Articles, doctoral theses and PIS test reports were reviewed to reach  two   conclusions:     1) it is essential to develop the four dimensions of scientific literacy, because, in this way,  scientifically literate students will be trained; that is, they are able to become world that goes through constant scientific and technological and 2) it is necessary to update the teaching-learning strategies  by  those that are part of the so-called  active methodology such as discovery learning,  research-based learning and  project-based learning.


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