hematological indices
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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
B. Ahmad ◽  
I. Ilahi ◽  
A. M. Yousafzai ◽  
M. Attaullah ◽  
A. Rahim ◽  
...  

Abstract The study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of Zizyphus oxyphyla leaves methanolic (ZOX-LME), on serum liver, kidney and hematology along with other serum parameters in Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxicated rabbits. Experimental animals were divided into five groups, six rabbits in each. These were: group NC (normal control), group, TC (toxic control) and group ST i.e. silymarine administered group at dose rate (50) mg/kg body weight (BW). Group ET1 and group ET2 treated with (ZOX-LME) at dose 200 mg/kg BW and 400 mg/kg BW. CCl4 administration caused significant (P> 0.05) impairment in serum liver enzymes, blood factors and other serum indices. Treatment with (ZOX-LME) significantly (P<0.05) reduced and normalized the levels of serum alanine transaminase (ALT) aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and hematological indices. Also significant (P< 0.05) reduction was observed in creatinine, urea, uric acid, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and albumin and glucose concentrations. The altered levels of lipid profile and serum electrolytes (Ca, Mg, Cl, Na, K, and P) were significantly (P<0.05) change toward normal levels with (ZOX-LME) feeding. In addition (ZOX-LME) ingestion caused significant improvement in GSH, GST and CAT levels, while reducing the TBARS levels, exhibited antioxidant capacity. Also (ZOX-LME) showed increase inhibition against percent scavenging of 2, 2-diphenile-1-picrylehydrazyle (DPPH) free radical. Significant (P<0.05) normalizing effects were observed with high dose 400 mg/kg BW of (ZOX-LME and were equivalent to silymarine administered groups. The histological study of liver supported the hepatoprotective and renal curative activity of (ZOX-LME).


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
S. Tabassum ◽  
S. M. Hussain ◽  
S. Ali ◽  
M. Zubair-ul-Hassan Arsalan ◽  
B. Ahmad ◽  
...  

Abstract Fish protein is serving as a source of nutrition for protein starving world. However, sustainable aquaculture products require inexpensive plant by-products due to finite sources of fish meal. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine nutrient utilization, growth performance and hematological indices of Cirrhinus mrigala fingerlings fed on Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) based diets. Fish were fed with six isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets having MOLM as a substitute of fish meal (FM) at the levels of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% for the period of 90 days. Fingerlings having initial weight 6.35±0.04g were reared in triplicate tanks at the stocking density of 15 and hand fed at the rate of 5% of total biomass twice regularly. Chromic oxide inclusion level was 1% in diets. After analysis, maximum growth performance and improved digestibility of nutrients were found in fish fed with diet at 10% replacement level as compared to fish fed on control diet and other test diets. Additionally, it was found that the red blood cells, white blood cells, hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration of fish showed a significantly (p<0.05) inverse correlation with the increase in MOLM. In present research, it was concluded that MOLM has good potential to be used as a FM substitute in C. mrigala diet with maximum effect at 10% showing positive hematological indices.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
M. M. Shahzad ◽  
W. Butt ◽  
Z. Hussain ◽  
R. A. Rehman ◽  
M. K. A. Khan ◽  
...  

Abstract Unavailability of probiotics in fish digestive system fingerlings is unable to digest and absorb their food properly. The current research was conducted to investigate the influence of probiotics added Linseed meal based (LMB) diet on hematology and carcass composition of Labeo rohita juveniles. Hematological parameters are essential diagnostics used to estimate the health status of fish. The usage of probiotics for fish health improvement is becoming common due to the higher demand for environment-friendly culture system in water. Linseed meal was used as a test ingredient to prepare six experimental test diets by adding probiotics (0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 g/kg) and 1% indigestible chromic oxide for seventy days. According to their live wet weight, five percent feed was given to fingerlings twice a day. Fish blood and carcass samples (Whole body) were taken for hematological and carcass analysis at the end of the experiment. The highest carcass composition (crude protein; 18.72%, crude fat; 8.80% and gross energy; 2.31 kcal/g) was observed in fish fed with test diet II supplemented with probiotics (2 g/kg). Moreover, maximum RBCs number (2.62× 106mm-3), WBCs (7.84×103mm-3), PCV (24.61), platelets (63.85) and hemoglobin (7.87) had also been reported in the fish fingerlings fed on 2 g/kg of probiotics supplemented diet. Results indicated that probiotics supplementation has a critical role in improvement of fingerlings’ body composition and hematological indices. Present findings showed that probiotics supplementation at 2 g/kg level in linseed by-product-based diet was very useful for enhancing the overall performance of L. rohita fingerlings.


Author(s):  
Evelyne París-Oller ◽  
Cristina Soriano-Úbeda ◽  
Ramsés Belda-Pérez ◽  
Lucía Sarriás-Gil ◽  
Jordana S. Lopes ◽  
...  

Abstract The addition of reproductive fluids (RF) to the culture media has shown benefits in different embryonic traits but its long-term effects on the offspring phenotype are still unknown. We aimed to describe such effects in pigs. Blood samples and growth parameters were collected from piglets derived from in vitro-produced embryos (IVP) with or without RF added in the culture media versus those artificially inseminated (AI), from day 0 to month 6 of life. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed on day 45 of life. We show here the first comparative data of the growth of animals produced through different assisted reproductive techniques, demonstrating differences between groups. Overall, there was a tendency to have a larger size at birth and faster growth in animals derived from in vitro fertilization and embryo culture versus AI, although this trend was diminished by the addition of RFs to the culture media. Similarly, small differences in hematological indices and glucose tolerance between animals derived from AI and those derived from IVP, with a sex-dependent effect, tended to fade in the presence of RF. The addition of RF to the culture media could contribute to minimizing the phenotypical differences between the in vitro-derived and AI offspring, particularly in males.


2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Hankhray Boro ◽  
Talambedu Usha ◽  
Dinesh Babu ◽  
Prakashmurthy Chandana ◽  
Arvind Kumar Goyal ◽  
...  

AbstractThe roots of Morus species are well described in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (ChP) for its traditional use in treating liver fibrosis due to its hepatoprotective property. However, little is known about the hepatoprotective effect of the roots of Morus indica L. (RoMi), and the pharmacological mechanism(s) are uncertain due to its intricacy. Therefore, this study evaluates the hepatoprotective activity of the ethanolic extract of RoMi (eRoMi) against the CCl4-induced in-vivo animal model at different dosages (100 and 200 mg/kg BW) in comparison with silymarin as a positive control. The hepatoprotective activity of eRoMi was evaluated by measuring the levels of serum biomarkers, hepatic antioxidant enzymes and was verified by histological studies. Interestingly, 1,2-bis(trimethylsilyl) benzene, 1,4-phenylenebis (trimethylsilane), 2,4,6-cycloheptatriene-1-one, 3,5-bis-trimethylsilyl and α-amyrin were the active components found in eRoMi as detected by GC–MS. Oral administration of eRoMi (200 mg/kg BW) to rats significantly protected serum biochemical parameters (increased ALT, AST, LDH, bilirubin and GGT as well as depletion of antioxidant enzymes and hepatic GSH) and elevation in hepatic lipid peroxidation as compared to CCl4-treated rats. The hematological indices such as erythrocytes, hemoglobin, monocytes and lymphocytes were also normal in eRoMi-treated rats. The histopathological evaluation indicated a significant restoration of liver structure as compared to silymarin. This study is the first scientific validation for the traditional use of eRoMi to understand its hepatoprotective activity.


Author(s):  
Thua Nguyen Tran

TÓM TẮT Mục tiêu: Đánh giá các chỉ số huyết học, chuyển hóa và số yếu tố liên quan đến kết cục điều trị của bệnh nhân COVID-19 tại trung tâm hồi sức COVID-19 bệnh viện Trung ương Huế. Đối tượng và phương pháp: Chúng tôi tiến hành một nghiên cứu mô tả cắt ngang tiến hành trên 225 bệnh nhân COVID-19 nặng và nguy kịch điều trị tại Trung tâm Hồi sức COVID-19, Bệnh viện Trung ương Huế từ tháng 9 đến tháng 11 năm 2021. Kết quả: Có sự liên quan giữa tuổi cao và tỷ lệ tử vong do COVID-19, nhóm tuổi trên 60 có nguy cơ tử vong cao gấp 2,0 lần nhóm từ 60 tuổi trở xuống. Các chỉ số huyết học về bạch cầu, tiểu cầu có sự khác biệt mang ý nghĩa thống kê giữa nhóm tử vong và nhóm ra viện. Số lượng bạch cầu ở nhóm tử vong cao hơn nhóm ra viện, 17,5 (13,4 - 25,3) ngàn/mm3 so với 9,4 (6,4 - 13,6) ngàn/mm3, p < 0,001. Tỷ lệ bạch cầu đa nhân trung tính ở nhóm tử vong cao hơn nhóm ra viện nhưng tỷ lệ bạch cầu Lympho lại thấp hơn. Chỉ số NLR có sự khác biệt đáng kể giữa nhóm tử vong và nhóm ra viện, 37,5 (20,1 - 52,8) so với 11,8 (4,4 - 22,6), NLR có khả năng dự đoán khá tốt tử vong do COVID-19 với AUC = 0,78. Khi sử dụng điểm cắt 22,25, NLR có độ nhạy/độ đặc hiệu trong dự đoán tử vong do COVID-19 là 74,2% và 74.5%. Có sự khác biệt mang ý nghĩa thống kê về số lượng tiểu cầu ở nhóm tử vong và nhóm ra viện, 166 (106 - 289) triệu/mm3 so với 236 (183 - 338) mm3. ABSTRACT ASSESSMENT OF HEMATOLOGIC AND METABOLIC INDICATORS CONTRIBUTING TO TREATMENT OUTCOMES OF COVID-19 PATIENTS Objectives: To evaluate hematological features and metabolic characteristics; and determine the contributing factors to the treatment outcome of COVID-19 patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study on 225 severe and critical COVID-19 patients treated at this COVID-19 Resuscitation Center from September 2021 to November 2021. Results: There was an association between age and mortality caused by COVID-19, the age group over 60 has a 2.0 times higher risk of death than the group aged 60 and under. The hematological indices of leukocytes and platelets had statistically significant differences between the mortality group and the group of hospital discharge. The number of white blood cells in the mortality group was higher than the hospital discharge group, 17.5 (13.4 - 25.3) thousand/mm3 compared with 9.4 (6.4 - 13.6 thousand/mm3, p < 0.001). The rate of neutrophils in the mortality group was higher than in the discharge group, but the rate of lymphocytes was lower. The NLR index had a significant difference between the mortality group and the discharge group, 37.5 (20.1 - 52.8) compared with 11.8 (4.4 - 22.6), NLR could well mortality - predictdue to COVID-19 with AUC = 0.78. Using the 22.25 cut - off, the NLR had a sensitivity/specificity in predicting COVID-19 mortality of 74.2% and 74.5%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in platelet counts in the mortality and discharge groups, 166 (106 - 289) million/mm3 versus 236 (183 - 338) mm3. Keywords: COVID-19, severe and critical patients, NRL, leukocytes, platelets, mortality


2021 ◽  
pp. 4639-4648
Author(s):  
Joseph C Mordi ◽  
Fidelis Ifeakachuku Achuba ◽  
Patrick Chukwuyenum Ichipi-Ifukor ◽  
Gift Emete ◽  
Azukaego Thomas Hughs Mokogwu ◽  
...  

The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of harmful impacts of xenobiotics in animals is attracting an increasing attention in recent times. The aim of the current study is to assess the preventive potential of Costus afer aqueous leaves extract (CAAE) in treating metabolic aberrations imposed by crude oil contaminated diet inWistar albino rats. Six groups of rats were treated as follows: A = Normal diet; B=Normal diet + 100 mg/kg body weight of CAAE; C =Normal diet + 200 mg/kg body weight of CAAE; D= Crude oil contaminated diet; E= crude oil contaminated diet + 100 mg/kg body weight of CAAE, F = crude oil contaminated diet + 200 mg/kg body weight of CAAE. After thirty days of exposure to the diet and administration of the corresponding plant extracts, the rats were sacrificed with chloroform and the required organs were excised. The hematological indices, as well as function indicators and levels of drug metabolizing enzymes in the liver and kidney, were investigated with standard protocols. The results indicated that the hematological parameters and kidney and liver function indices were altered in rats fed with crude oil contaminated diet. However, the values came close to those in control rats when Costus afer aqueous extracts were administered. Similarly, the activities of oxidase enzymes (aldehyde oxidase, monoamine oxidase, xanthine oxidase, and sulphite oxidase), following their inhibition by the ingestion of crude oil contaminated diet, equally restored close to control values upon treatment with Costus afer aqueous extract. This study, therefore, was able to establish an aqueous extract of Costus aferleave as an antidote for crude oil intoxication. 


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (6) ◽  
pp. 33-43
Author(s):  
О. V. Shapoval ◽  
◽  
N. А. Komaromi ◽  
M. M. Patsatsyia

The aim. The article is devoted to the methods used in combustiology practice to assess the condition of patients and predict general and local complications. Results. With severe thermal trauma, there is a risk of developing life-threatening conditions in the victims, in particular, sepsis and multiple organ failure. Informative for assessing the course of burn disease is a modified scale of physiological disorders, which takes into account the syndrome of systemic inflammatory response, endogenous intoxication during periods of toxemia and septicotoxemia, and concomitant pathology. The development of intoxication in severe burn injuries requires determining the degree of severity of the process and its assessment in dynamics. The toxicity of blood plasma is studied by the resistance of red blood cell membranes in the acid hemolysis reaction, indicators of the red blood cell intoxication index, and the content of universal markers of intoxication, in particular, medium-weight molecules. Methods for biosensor indication of cytotoxic factors have also been developed. Assessment of the severity of the condition of victims with burns and monitoring the effectiveness of therapy is carried out taking into account the level of procalcitonin and presepsin. To determine the effect of the wound process on the formation of early sepsis in patients with burns in the capillary zone of thermal damage, the content of homocysteine, endothelin and nitric oxide is studied. To assess the severity of the condition of burn patients and predict the development of complications, the values of integral hematological indices are informative. Reliable data on the depth of a burn wound are obtained using thermotopometry and pH measurement of burn wounds, the method of magnetic resonance imaging. In order to assess violations and dynamics of blood supply restoration in the area of thermal damage, the method of laser Doppler flowmetry and optical tissue oximetry is used. Determination of interstitial pressure in burns of the extremities and intra-abdominal pressure in common burns is a way to predict the development of compartment syndrome. To monitor the patient's glycemic status, it is proposed to determine the level of glycosylated hemoglobin. Microbiological research data is used to predict the risk of developing general complications of burn disease, as well as – together with cytological data and methods for determining the maturity of granulation tissue – to assess the readiness of granulating wounds for autodermoplasty. Conclusion. The development of new effective ways to predict and prevent the development of complications in burns is promising


2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Author(s):  
Li Zhuang ◽  
Xiang-Yan Liu ◽  
Heng-Kai Zhu ◽  
Zhuo-Yi Wang ◽  
Wu Zhang ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives Liver transplantation (LT) can benefit the long-term survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. We hypothesized that circulating tumor cell (CTC) levels and subtypes are intimately associated with metastasis status of HCC patients. This study was designed to test that compositive hematological indices including CTC can provide a prediction of post-LT metastasis. Methods Between 2017 and 2018, 37 HCC patients within Hangzhou criteria receiving LT were included for analysis. The 24-month follow-up was mainly conducted by outpatient and telephone. Blood samples were collected, and hematological indices were examined. The outcomes such as PFS, recurrence, metastasis, location of recurrence/metastasis, and number of metastases were recorded. Results The follow-up analysis showed that microvascular invasion (MVI) classification at the baseline is associated with metastasis. Next, α-fetoprotein (AFP) level was another useful indicator of postoperative metastasis, especially at the third or fourth month; the protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) level three months after LT was significantly higher for those who had later metastasis. The mesenchymal CTC level at the 45th day was increased for in the metastasis group. Using two-ends Logistic regression, the calculated value MP (metastasis predictor, by above factors). Had an AUC of 0.858 in the ROC curve, with a cutoff value of 0.328. Conclusions In conclusion, microvascular invasion, AFP level at the third or fourth month, PIVKA-II level at the third month, and mesenchymal CTC level at day 45 were associated with post-LT metastasis. Using Logistic regression based on above variables, the two-year metastasis can be predicted with satisfactory sensitivity and accuracy.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 77-82
Author(s):  
L.S. Babinets ◽  
Z.I. Sabat

Background. One of the defining typical clinical and pathogenetic syndromes of the formation and severity of chronic pancreatitis (CP) are the syndromes of endogenous intoxication (SEI) and autonomic (vegetative) dysfunction (VD). We did not find any studies of hematological indices of inflammation and intoxication, and especially in comparison with the parameters of vegetative status in CP, which motivated us to conduct this research work. The purpose of the study was to establish the relationship between hematological indices of inflammation and intoxication and the parameters of the autonomic status of patients with chronic pancreatitis. Materials and methods. We examined 69 patients diagnosed with CP who were treated as out-patient. The following hematological indices were determined: leukocyte intoxication index (LII), adaptation index (IA) with subsequent determination of the type of nonspecific adaptive response, lymphocyte-granulocyte index (ILG). The correlations of LII with the parameters of psycho-emotional state (neuroticism, reactive (RA) and personal (PA) anxiety according to the Eisenk, Spielberger-Khanin questionnaires), VD according to the Wayne questionnaire, and the duration of the disease were studied. Results. 63% of patients with chronic pancreatitis were diagnosed with endogenous intoxication of mild and moderate severity according to the Kalf-Khalif index, which makes it necessary to use drugs aimed at its correction. Significant correlations were established between LII and personal anxiety (direct weak r = 0.23, p <0.05), neuroticism (direct moderate force r = 0.41, p <0.05), autonomic dysfunction (direct weak r = 0,1, p <0,05), duration of the disease (direct weak r = 0,15, p <0,05), structural condition of the pancreas by ultrasound manifestations in points (direct weak r = 0.29, p <0.05), the level of α-amylase of the pancreas (direct medium strength r = 0.30, p <0.05). The obtained results proved the presence of significant interactions between the parameters of inflammation and endotoxicosis with indicators of autonomic status and the state of the pancreas. This makes it necessary to prescribe anti-inflammatory and vegetotropic drugs to patients with CP to enhance protocol treatment. Conclusions. Among patients with CP, favorable adaptive reactions were observed in only 36% of subjects, adverse - in 25%, intermediate - in 39%, and the average value of the adaptation index was - 0.48 ± 0.18, which corresponds to the upper limit of the orientation reaction. This motivates additional prescription of vegetotropic and adaptogenic drugs to such patients with CP. Only in 10% of patients with chronic pancreatitis the general immune response has no deviations from the adequate immune response, in 48% of subjects there is an inability of the immune system to complete inflammation, in 42% - the predominance of autoimmune intoxication, which requires enhanced anti-inflammatory therapy.


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