historical method
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أمل صالح سعد راجح

The research aims to study the efforts of the Orientalists in introducing the Prophet Muhammad - may God bless him and grant him peace - and his Sunnah, by introducing the efforts of the Italian Orientalist Laura Vecia Vagleri, and what she referred to in her book entitled (Defense of Islam) of fabrications about Islam and the Prophet Muhammad, may God bless him. Where the slanders and lies that were propagated about the Prophet - Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace - were refuted with the aim of distorting his image, and inducing people to hate the Islamic religion and prevent its spread. As researchers, scholars, and thinkers, we seek to protect ourselves from the menstruation of the Prophet - may God bless him and grant him peace - and explain the disadvantages and justifications of those who offend his honorable person, and explore his fragrant biography, and what he added to all humanity in terms of goodness and elevation, and elevating the status of a Muslim human that no individual in another religion has attained. What are the theses or accusations represented by some Orientalists, and others, that were refuted by the Italian Orientalist Laura Vecchia Fagleri through her book Defense of Islam . Therefore, the importance of research is evident in introducing these efforts and refuting the slanders that are broadcast and promoted about the Prophet Muhammad - may God bless him and grant him peace - as the research is a scientific addition that helps clarify these efforts and refute the fabrications about the person of the Holy Prophet. The research relied on the historical method and the descriptive analytical method.

2022 ◽  
Vol 27 ◽  
pp. 517-526
Xinghua Wang

As the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games approach, promoting the winter sport participation in China is essential and important. However, most of winter sports participants are one-time player, and it could be due to the lack of winter sports culture in the Chinese public. So, developing and promoting the traditional Chinese winter sports may help managers to build a endogenous winter sport culture. Bingxi is a series of ice sport event in ancient China, which is the one of the most representative traditional Chinese sports, which is unique in Chinese history. The present study applied a historical method to explore the three forms of cultural capital in Bingxi. And developed a Demands Scale for Cultural Capital in Bingxi (DSCCB) to measure the participation demands in Bingxi of different group people. Residents (n=621) of Shenyang (capital city in Qing Dynasty) participated in this study. Discussions are centered on the target group of the three forms of cultural capital in Bingxi, and offer a proposal for promoting Bingxi in the future.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 20-27
Ayu Septiani

Clothing history is currently starting to be in demand. This is due to the emergency of a new trend in the use of masks and changes in the time of wearing clothes due to the global pandemic that is still ongoing today, namely Covid-19. To trace the development of clothes in Indonesia in the past, of course, it is necessary to study the literature or bibliography. Of course, in the past there have been publications related to clothes developments such as books, journals, magazines, newspapers that can be accessed for use in reconstructing the history of clothes. Beginning by describing the historical context during Dutch East Indies government, the purpose of this research is to take an inventory and identify a number of publications related to the history of clothes. The method used is the historical method. The results of this study indicate that the publications related to the history of clothes are numerous and varied. Therefore, it must be used properly and effectively so that the dynamics that occur in the clothes sector look more complete and comprehensive. In addition, it is hoped that research on the bibliography of clothes history can help historical researchers who are interested in studying the history of clothes in Indonesia.

ICR Journal ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 314-330
Habibat Oladosu-Uthman ◽  
Mutiat Titilope Oladejo

In Africa, the culture of veiling by Muslim women is profound. While Muslim societies vary across Africa, several forms of textile and art feature in the use of veil. It is particularly important to state that veiling is historical as it had been embedded as a Muslim culture since the evolution and spread of Islam in Africa. It is also true that the Islamic integration of African cultures is very much alive and visible. The story of veiling became prominent and was influenced by Ottoman rule and cross-cultural intergroup relations through the Trans Saharan trade routes. This paper focuses on the history of veil as a spiritual, artistic, political and economic factors in the identity making of Muslim women in Africa. The historical method is adopted to interrogate the complexities associated with veiling as a Muslim culture using photographic representations, books and journals. Photographic representations of women’s dress in the Ottoman empire gives way to understand how the dress styles diffuse into African societies.    

Probacja ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
pp. 87-114
Monika Bieniek-Ciarcińska

The article presents the most important aspects of the geographic dimension of criminology. Referring the considerations to areas such as sociology or, in general, knowledge about society, the subject matter was formulated in an interdisciplinary way, indicating its complexity and, at the same time, importance from the point of view of social sciences. In this work, space is seen in many perspectives - as a factor that has both a direct and indirect impact on the distribution of crime. Human activity in a given area and the possibility of spatial development of the area in terms of the tasks it is to fulfill are also important. The article is a theoretical analysis in which the analysis of Polish and foreign-language literature was used, as well as a descriptive historical method. There were also comparative analyzes in legal terms. The applied methodology contributed to the implementation of in-depth inferences, the results of which are the conclusions and research postulates presented at the end of the work. The article is dedicated primarily to people who have an impact on architectural changes in the area of towns and villages. The issues presented make a reference to the still valid problem of crime prevention. Spatial prevention should not only account for the so far unused opportunities that lie open to civil society, but also be a real change in the approach to construction. The process of space revitalization will be effective only through meta-analyzes consisting in the first place in recognizing, identifying existing or potential threats, and then implementing, in the course of social consultations, well-thought-out solutions that fit into a given space architecturally. These actions will require changes in the approach to the current protection against undesirable behaviors, focusing not on reducing the effects of adverse effects, but leaning towards criminal and architectural prevention. For this purpose, new legal solutions adequate to the existing national conditions will also be necessary.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 152-169
Agung Purnama

This paper analyzes the religiosity of the Sundanese people in a historical approach, to be precise around the 19th century. The method used is the Historical Method which consists of heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography stages. The results of the study show that the Sundanese people are known as religious people. Islam as a religion adopted by most of the Sundanese Tatar population has been acculturated with the local culture and with the noble values inherited by the Karuhun. In Sundanese society, Islamic teachings are often expressed with the taste of local traditions. Instead, local traditions are often given the breath of Islam, which further strengthens the religiosity of its adherents. In addition to carrying out the basic religious shari'ah, the religious expression of the Sundanese people is present in the form of religious holidays which are commemorated lively. Likewise, the stages of a person's life, such as birth, childhood, marriage, until death, have religious and cultural instruments attached to them.

Sergey Lavreniuk

The purpose of the article is to identify the specifics of art communication in the culture of production both in the process of filmmaking and in the distribution (distribution) of film products. Methodology. The method of theoretical analysis of the culture of production activity as a phenomenon of the postmodern and postmodern epoch was used in the elaboration of the topic; the comparative-historical method was used in the analysis of the evolution of the producer's activity in cinema; empirical method made it possible to address the practical component of film production and distribution as structures of socio-cultural and economic activities aimed at the needs of society; analytical method and methods of scientific analysis, generalizations have come in handy in the process of establishing the specifics of art communication in the context of creative and production aspects of the film producer. The scientific novelty of the study is that the problem of art communication of the producer in the context of his creative and production activities is the subject of a special comprehensive study; the meaning of the concept of "art-communication" as certain specific integrity and unity of interconnected elements is argued and clarified. Conclusions. Acquaintance with the materials of this study enriches the knowledge about the specifics of art communication as a component of the producer's activity in the culture of film production in the process of its evolution and is the scientific basis for their use in courses on theory and history of culture, including cinema, film production, film directing. Keywords: culture, art communication, cinema, film producer, film director, film.

Marina Soroka

The purpose of the article is to highlight different aspects of the interpretation of artistic experiments of theatrical performances based on the works of V. Vinnichenko, taking into account the general concept of their artistic and aesthetic specificity, genre and stylistic features, and the original artistic manner of the playwright. The research methodology consists in the application of the cultural-historical method to analyze the interpretation of V. Vinnichenko's dramatic works, peculiar key creative processes, director's interpretations of his plays as future stage forms; art history method for comprehending the artistic and creative activities of a playwright in the context of evolution and progressive ideas in the art of theater; a modeling method for analyzing the model-setting of a specific period of the playwright's work; a structural-functional method for the study of the main guidelines in the organization of the creative process over a stage work. The scientific novelty of the research lies in carrying out a figurative-stylistic, artistic compositional analysis of the evolutionary process of V. Vinnichenko's creativity as a modernist playwright of the early twentieth century. Conclusions. There is every reason to state that the appearance of the figure of V. Vynnychenko was an extraordinary event: his phenomenon also lies in the fact that he is one of the few in Ukrainian and world literature who became a classic during his lifetime. Based on a comparison of literary sources and performances, it can be noted that there was an experiment and a search for new stage forms. And the peculiarities of the interpretation of V. Vinnichenko's works in the Ukrainian theater lie in the fact that it was determined by different components of the stage performance, as well as the socio-historical and cultural contexts of the life of Ukraine, which determined the experiments, methods, and forms of interpretation of the literary basis. Keywords: V. Vinnichenko, playwright, theater, director, performance.

Liudmyla Lukasheva ◽  
Svіtlana Sadovenko

The purpose of the article is to carry out a culturological dimension and define as a synthetic phenomenon the musical-theatrical aspect of the artistic activity of the outstanding actor, director, theater teacher, and entrepreneur Mykola Mykolayovych Sinelnikov (late 19th – early 20th century). The methodology of research is based on the use of a complex of general scientific and specific scientific methods in accordance with the cultural discourse. In order to study the problem in a historical sequence, the historical method was applied. Setting the goal of illumination and analytical measurement of the constituent components of the problem under study, the system-analytical method is applied. The system-structural method is used to study a cultural phenomenon as a system of interrelated and interacting elements. The hermeneutic method is used to study and interpret the theoretical provisions of the problem under study. In order to study the life path of a creative person, illuminate her inner world, and understand the motives of her activity, the biographical method is used. The generalization method was applied to determine the general conclusions of the study. The scientific novelty lies in the musical and theatrical reflection of the creative phenomenon of the outstanding artist-reformer of the late 19th – early 20th centuries Mykola Sinelnikov. Conclusions. Consideration of the issue raised in the article made it possible to state the importance of the presentation of the creative practice of N.N. Sinelnikov as a representative of musical and theatrical syncretism. Research of the phenomenon of N.N. Sinelnikov made it possible to illuminate the system of artistic principles of the creator, which fully corresponded to the nature and content of the modern era. It was determined that the musical and theatrical segments of N.N. Sinelnikov’s works are harmonious integrity, that is, they represent musical and theatrical syncretism. Keywords: musical and theatrical syncretism, a creative phenomenon, syncretism, cultural studies, theater, music, musical and theatrical reflection, socio-cultural space.

Anastasia Zhuravleva

Contact improvisation in the context of social dance of the XX century: features of the open dance form "jam" The purpose of the article is to reveal the features of contact improvisation as a practice of social dance of the XXI century and to determine the specifics of its implementation in the unique dance form "jam". Research methodology. A comprehensive method of studying the features of contact improvisation in the context of a social dance of the XXI century, a historical method, thanks to which the details of the development of contact improvisation have been clarified; the method of functional and systems analysis, which contributed to the study of contact improvisation as a unique hybrid practice; a phenomenological method that helped to highlight the essential features and identify the key elements of contact improvisation in the dance form "jam", etc. The scientific novelty consists in expanding the theoretical basis for analyzing the phenomenon of contact improvisation; clarifying the concept of "contact improvisation"; the features of the practice of contact improvisation in the context of the specificity of social dance are investigated on the basis of the analysis of its physical and mental components; analyzed the main elements of contact improvisation (inaction, weighing/carrying, falling, playing, discussing, observing, touching) through the prism of the unique open dance form "jam". Conclusions. Contact improvisation is based on communication between two moving bodies that are in physical contact, and the cumulative relationship of physical laws governing their motion - the laws of gravity, momentum, and inertia. In accordance with the specifics of social dance, contact improvisation is a tool for studying one's own capabilities, a model of human relations and meditative practice, which creates the preconditions for further development, providing a huge space of freedom and ease of performance of one or another dance element, removes the restrictions imposed by choreography, allows you to move like this, as the dancer wants, without tension, provides new material for self-knowledge and exploration of relationships, is a source of inspiration and a way of expressing the creative energy that is in the body. Contact improvisation, as a hybrid practice, works at the crossroads between body meditation, psycho-kinesthetic therapy, sports training, and dance improvisation and, in the context of the specifics of social dance, is implemented at improvisational meetings of contactees, the so-called jams, at the local and national level. Keywords: contact improvisation, social dance, jams, dance practice, dance form.

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