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I Ketut Sutapa ◽  
Ni Kadek Sri Ebtha Yuni ◽  
I Nengah Darma Susila ◽  
I Gede Sastra Wibawa ◽  
I Made Anom Santiana

Building construction projects have a high level of risk of work accidents, especially for workers in the field. Therefore, at the time of implementation of construction work, it is necessary to evaluate the implementation of occupational safety and health management system (SMK3) to provide a sense of security to workers in the field of this research aimed at evaluating SMK3. This research uses qualitative and quantitative methods to know the implementation of SMK3, by taking data by conducting structured interviews conducted on the building construction project Ayana Nort Wing Bali. Analysis conducted a descriptive analysis based on Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No.50, 2012 advanced with 12 criteria containing 166 criteria elements. The result of this study is the application of PP No. 50 of 2012 for the advanced level of 92.89% categorized as satisfactory. In addition, there are 14 that have not been implemented. This the company that the evaluation level of occupational safety and health management system (SMK3) in the building construction project Ayana North Wing Bali is the level of application is very satisfactory for the project.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Xixi Luo ◽  
Quanlong Liu ◽  
Zunxiang Qiu

This paper firstly proposes a modified human factor classification analysis system (HFACS) framework based on literature analysis and the characteristics of falling accidents in construction. Second, a Bayesian network (BN) topology is constructed based on the dependence between human factors and organizational factors, and the probability distribution of the human-organizational factors in a BN risk assessment model is calculated based on falling accident reports and fuzzy set theory. Finally, the sensitivity of the causal factors is determined. The results show that 1) the most important reason for falling accidents is unsafe on-site supervision. 2) There are significant factors that influence falling accidents at different levels in the proposed model, including operation violations in the unsafe acts layer, factors related to an adverse technological environment for the unsafe acts layer, loopholes in site management in the unsafe on-site supervision layer, lack of safety culture in the adverse organizational influence layer, and lax government regulation in the adverse external environment layer. 3) According to the results of the BN risk assessment model, the most likely causes are loopholes in site management work, lack of safety culture, insufficient safety inspections and acceptance, vulnerable process management and operation violations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Kui Zhou ◽  
Qi Wang ◽  
Junnan Tang

AbstractThis paper studied a tripartite evolutionary game of stakeholders in environmental pollution control. Most previous studies on this issue are limited to a focus on system dynamics with two-party game problems and lack a spatial analysis of strategy evolution. The parameters adopted are too few, and the influencing factors considered are too simple. The purpose of the paper is to introduce more parameters to study, which will have an important impact on the strategy choices of participants and the evolution path of the strategy over time. We construct a tripartite evolutionary game model of sewage enterprises, governments and the public. We establish a payment matrix and replicator equations as our method, and we also implement parameter simulations in MATLAB. In summary, we found that the reward and punishment mechanism plays an important role in environmental pollution control. Specifically: intensifying rewards and penalties will help encourage sewage enterprises to meet the discharge standard and the public to participate in pollution control action. However, increased rewards will reduce government's willingness to adopt incentive strategies; Government's reward for public's participation in the action must be greater than the increased cost of participation; Reducing the cost of sewage enterprise can also encourage them to implement standard emissions. The research presented in this paper further improves standard emissions and designs reasonable reward and punishment mechanism.

2022 ◽  

The location of the research was carried out in the Class II B prison of Muara Bungo . This research took place for 1 month, from March 01 to March 30, 2021. The aim of the study was to determine the implementation of Government Regulation Number 32 of 1999 concerning the Terms and Procedures for the Implementation of the Rights of Correctional Inmates at the Class II B Correctional Institution Muara Bungo, to determine the factors obstacles in implementing Government Regulation Number 32 of 1999 concerning Terms and Procedures for the Implementation of the Rights of Correctional Inmates at the Class II B Correctional Institution Muara Bungo and To find out the efforts made in implementing Government Regulation Number 32 of 1999 concerning Terms and Procedures for the Implementation of Citizens' Rights Correctional Assistance at the Class II B Correctional Institution Muara Bungo. This study uses a qualitative method. The results showed that the implementation of Government Regulation Number 32 of 1999 concerning the Terms and Procedures for the Implementation of the Rights of Correctional Inmates, namely Education and coaching at the Class B Muara Bungo Prison includes: Religious Awareness Education, Physical and Spiritual Health Education, National Awareness Education, State and Awareness Law, Art Education. Educational and coaching activities carried out by the Class II B prison of Muara Bungo have been in accordance with Government regulation No. 32 of 1999 but in the implementation there are still some obstacles. Inhibiting factors in the implementation of Government Regulation No. 32 of 1999 Every form of education and development carried out almost certainly has obstacles, be it large or small scale. Obstacles that exist during the effort to fulfill the right to education and development of inmates in Lapas Class II B Muara Bungo are: The time and form of coaching for inmates is relatively short, Lack of Human Resources (HR), lack of facilities and infrastructure and lack of budget Education and coaching as well as the Fostered Citizens Factor itself. Efforts made in overcoming barriers to fostering inmates are using the Approach Method, the approach method used in overcoming the obstacles that exist in correctional institutions, increasing the interest of inmates, conducting training, expanding product marketing and tightening security surveillance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 593
Lan Luo ◽  
Yue Yang ◽  
Junwei Zheng ◽  
Jianxun Xie

This study builds a measurement framework of project governance for mega-infrastructure considering the institutional situation of mega-infrastructure projects in China, including contractual governance, relational governance, and governmental governance. The factors of governmental governance are identified by the method of grounded theory with six cases of megaprojects, and the measures of project governance for mega-infrastructure are refined by expert interviews. The 235 questionnaires are collected, and exploratory factor analysis is used to identify six factors of the governance mechanism for mega-infrastructure projects. The scales are developed, and reliability and validity tests are conducted. Results indicate that (1) the governmental governance mechanism includes government decision, government supervision, and government coordination. (2) The three-dimensional framework of project governance is established as “contractual–relational–governmental” in the field of mega-infrastructure. (3) The measurement scales of project governance are developed and validated for mega-infrastructure, including government regulation, government coordination, risk sharing, revenue distribution, relationship maintenance, and cultural development. This research contributes to (a) the state of the knowledge by gaining a holistic and comprehensive understanding of project governance in mega-infrastructure in China, and (b) the state of the practice by providing a tool for measuring project governance in mega-infrastructure.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Eva Syahfitri Nasution ◽  
Siti Nurahmi Nasution ◽  
M. Hadyan Yunhas Purba ◽  
Akmal Handi Ansari Nasution

<em>This paper aims to analyze the fulfillment the restitution rights for the children as victims after the enactment of government regulation Number 43 of 2017 in Medan based on human rights studies. This research is normative legal research with statute approach which is carried out by examining law and regulations related to the legal issue being raised that is regarding the provision of restitution for child victim of human trafficking in Medan and empirical legal research which gaining data by means direct observation in Medan District Court. Based on the studies, it can be related that restitution must be given to the victims of human trafficking because it is a part of fulfillment of human rights to compensate the victim for losses suffered as the result of a crime.</em>

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 86
Happy Karlina Marjo ◽  
Darojaturroofi'ah Sodiq

The purpose of this study was to describe the ethics and competence of counselors as professionals in providing guidance and counseling services. The research method used is a systematic literature study. This systematic literature review contains explanations and descriptions of theories, findings and research materials obtained from databases of national and international journal providers through the Google Scholar platform, and then analyzed descriptively. The result of this research is that ethics and competencies must be possessed by a counselor as the basis for the profession he adheres to. Counselor education is one way to develop competencies for prospective counselors. The competence of the counselor as an agent for counseling guidance services is stated in government regulation No. 19 of 2005 article 28 paragraph 3, namely: competence as a service agent at the level of primary and secondary education and early childhood education which includes pedagogic competence, personality, professional and social competence. Professional counselors must have a strong determination to be able to help others and have a positive nature to be able to view the counselee as a human being who has different values, religious teachings, cultures and backgrounds.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Mohammad Isfan Batubara ◽  
Emmanuel Ariananto Waluyo Adi ◽  
Wirdyaningsih Wirdyaningsih

Peningkatan bonus demografi di Indonesia menyebabkan jumlah permukaan lahan untuk dimanfaatkan ruangnya dalam menggerakan roda ekonomi semakin sempit. Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta yang menjadi pusat bisnis dalam menghadapi masalah keterbatasan lahan perlu memanfaatkan ruang bawah tanah yang ada. Keberadaan ruang bawah tanah pada praktiknya dimanfaatkan untuk sarana jaringan utilitas terpadu agar pemanfaatan lahan menjadi lebih optimal. Sebelum adanya Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2020 pemanfaatan ruang bawah tanah tidak diatur secara komprehensif. Kemudian barulah Peraturan Pemerintah No. 18 tahun 2021 menegaskan secara yuridis bahwa terdapat pemisahan secara horizontal antara kepemilikan hak atas tanah di atas permukaan dengan di bawah tanah. Namun dalam penerapan peraturan-peraturan dimaksud masih perlu adanya sosialisasi terus menerus agar tercipta keteraturan pemahaman hukum. Lebih lanjut, dengan adanya Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 91/PUU-XVIII/2020 yang menyatakan UUCK inkonstitusional bersyarat diduga dapat memperlambat proses penerapan peraturan baru ini. Bahwa dalam hal ini diperlukan peranan notaris sebagai pejabat pembuat akta tanah yang akan bersinggungan dengan hal-hal dimaksud. Notaris perlu turut andil dalam peran edukasi terkait khususnya pelaksanaanya selama masa pandemi covid-19 saat ini. Penulis menemukan dalam pemanfaatan ruang bawah tanah menggunakan hak guna bangunan dimana untuk pembuatan aktanya dapat diproses oleh notaris.Keyword: Notaris, ruang bawah tanah, jaringan utilitasAbstractThe increase in the demographic bonus in Indonesia causes the amount of land to be used for economic development purposes has its own limitation. The Province of the Special Capital City Region of Jakarta, which is a business center that dealing with the problem of limited land, needs to take advantage of the existing underground space. The existence of underground space is usually utilized for integrated utility network facilities so that land use becomes more optimal. Prior to Law Number 11 of 2020 the use of underground spaces was not comprehensively regulated. Then the Government Regulation No. 18 of 2021 juridically confirms that there is a horizontal separation between ownership of land rights above the surface and below the ground. However, in the application of these regulations, there is still a need for continuous socialization in order to create a regular understanding of the law. Furthermore, with the Constitutional Court Decision Number 91/PUU-XVIII/2020 which states that the UUCK is conditionally unconstitutional, it is suspected that it can slow down the process of implementing this new regulation. That in this case the role of a notary as an official making land deeds is needed which will intersect with the underground utilization. Notaries need to take part in the role of related education, especially its implementation during the current covid-19 pandemic. The author finds that in the use of the basement using the right to use the building where the deed can be processed by a notary.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (2) ◽  
pp. 291-301
Dharma Wangsa ◽  
Vera Surtia Bachtiar ◽  
Slamet Raharjo

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji model AERMOD dalam memprediksi sebaran PM10 di udara ambien kawasan PT Semen Padang. Lokasi penelitian sebanyak 32 titik berdasarkan 8 arah mata angin dengan jarak 0,5 km, 1 km, 1,5 km dan 2 km dari PT Semen Padang. Pengukuran PM10 menggunakan EPAM 5000 Real Time Particulate Air Monitor dilanjutkan pemetaan dengan software Surfer 11. Waktu pengukuran dibagi menjadi 4 shift, yaitu shift 1 (00.00 – 05.59 WIB), shift 2 (06.00 – 11.59 WIB), shift 3 (12.00 – 17.59 WIB) dan shift 4 (18.00 – 23.59 WIB). Pengambilan data meteorologi (temperatur udara, tekanan udara, kelembapan, kecepatan angin dan arah angin) menggunakan alat Meteorological Station PCE-FWS-20 untuk input data pada AERMET, dilanjutkan prediksi sebaran PM10 menggunakan software AERMOD View 8.9.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan konsentrasi PM10 dengan EPAM 5000 berkisar antara 21,0 – 79,0 µg/m3 dengan rata-rata 24 jam sebesar 41,7 µg/m3. Konsentrasi PM10 dengan AERMOD berkisar antara 3,5 sampai 68,0 µg/m3 dengan rata-rata 24 jam sebesar 10,6 µg/m3. Jika dibandingkan dengan baku mutu untuk Peraturan Pemerintah No. 22 Tahun 2021 tentang Penyelenggaraan Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup, lokasi 11 dengan koordinat S 0°56'52.46" dan E 100°27'41.88"  pada  jarak 1 km kawasan Barat PT Semen Padang tidak memenuhi baku mutu. Model mendekati ideal atau dikatakan sempurna yaitu lokasi arah Timur dan Timur Laut karena elevasi yang lebih tinggi dari sumber emisi dan merupakan arah angin dominan pada siang hari.ABSTRACTThis study aims to test the AERMOD model in predicting the distribution of PM10 in the ambient air of the PT Semen Padang area. The research locations were 32 points based on eight cardinal directions with a radius of 0.5 km, 1 km, 1.5 km, and 2 km from PT Semen Padang. PM10 measurement using EPAM 5000 Real-Time Particulate Air Monitor followed by mapping with Surfer 11 software. The measurement time is divided into four shifts, namely shift 1 (00.00 – 05.59 WIB), shift 2 (06.00 – 11.59 WIB), shift 3 (12.00 – 17.59 WIB), and shift 4 (18.00 – 23.59 WIB). Meteorological data retrieval (air temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind speed and wind direction) using the Meteorological Station PCE-FWS-20 for data input to AERMET, followed by prediction of PM10 distribution using AERMOD View 8.9.0 software. The results showed that the concentration of PM10 with EPAM 5000 ranged from 21.0 – 79.0 g/m3 with a 24-hour average of 41.7 g/m3. The concentration of PM10 with AERMOD ranged from 3.5 - 68.0 g/m3 with a 24-hour average of 10.6 g/m3. When compared with the quality standard for Government Regulation no. 22 of 2021 concerning the Implementation of Environmental Protection and Management, location 11 with coordinates S 0°56'52.46" and E 100°27'41.88" at a distance of 1 km west of PT Semen Padang does not meet the quality standards. The model is close to ideal or is said to be perfect, namely the location of the East and Northeast directions because of the higher elevation of the emission source and the dominant wind direction during the day.

2022 ◽  
Vol 951 (1) ◽  
pp. 012050
H Basri ◽  
Manfarizah ◽  
H C Prayudi

Abstract Water is one of the primary needs of every living creature. With the increase in population, the need for water continues to increase. The declining water quality caused by human activities is one of the world’s concerns. This study examines river water quality status in the gold mining area in the downstream of Krueng Kluet sub-watershed. The method used to determine the level of river water pollution is based on the Decree of Minister of Environment Number 115 the Year 2003, which uses class 1 water quality standards according to Government Regulation of The Republic of Indonesia Number 82 the Year. The results show that river water in the study area is in the category that is not polluted or fulfills water quality standards for drinking water and daily needs.

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