International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
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Published By Institute Of Advanced Engineering And Science

2252-8806, 2252-8806
Updated Saturday, 16 October 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 880
Author(s):  
Fery AM Mendrofa ◽  
Umi Hani ◽  
Yuni Nurhidayat

A pandemic of a novel coronavirus-infected disease is currently ongoing in the world. Most patients have to be isolated due to the treatments. This study aimed to make sense of how patients with coronavirus-infected disease understand and experience infectious isolation. The research used a qualitative design with a phenomenological approach. Data collection was conducted with in-depth interviews of nine patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) confirmed who had been in the isolation room. The analysis was conducted on interview transcripts by organizing keywords found into categories, sub-themes, and themes based on Colaizzi's approach. The results indicated that the participants experienced fright due to the isolation and attempted to integrate their isolation experiences. Isolation highlighted a sense of threat posed by cross-infection, a threat that participants experienced as originating from others and from themselves to others. Participants described feeling changes experienced after several days of treatment. Participants reported various symptoms of the disease and received careful care while in isolation. They still communicate with family. Isolated patients are able to deal with the treatment by improving their coping strategies. Participants reported the most support from their families, even from a distance. Future research could explore experiences of isolation from family and staff perspectives and identify the psychological aspect in caring for the COVID-19 patients.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 758
Author(s):  
Atikah Nurhesti ◽  
Solikhah Solikhah ◽  
Siti Nur Djannah

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Antibody rapid test is one of the COVID-19 screening tests that can be used in the community. The accuracy of the rapid antibody methods needs to be appropriately assessed, it is necessary to carry out a diagnostic accuracy study using a pairwise sensitivity and specificity analysis. This research aimed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of COVID-19 rapid tests, also assesses positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the rapid antibody test as a method of screening for COVID-19 in Sleman Regency, Indonesia. In total, 118 respondents who have contact with COVID-19 patients and have symptoms were enrolled in this study. The study was conducted on 118 patients who had been in contact with confirmed COVID-19 118 patients who met the close contact criteria were conducted a rapid antibody test. 64.41% patients were reactive. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) as a gold standard was also carried out for all patients and 63.56% affirmed positive for COVID-19. The sensitivity value was 97.33%, and the specificity value was 93.02%, while the positive predictive value (NPP) was 96.05%, and the negative predictive value (NPN) was 95.24%. These results meet the minimum recommendations for the screening method.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 785
Author(s):  
Helena Baldonado Florendo ◽  
Joseph V. del Rosario

Filipino youths are the hope of Philippine society. However, cigarette smoking and binge drinking continually corrupt this aspiration. Mental health states interplay with the growing setback of substance consumption. The main objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of the multimodal intervention program among the participants in this study.  Specifically, it answers the following objectives: i) Develop an intervention program to address the high anxiety, mild depression, and normal self-esteem of the participants and ii) Determine the significant difference between the control group and the experimental group in the pre-test and post-test intervention measures. A matched-group experimental design was carried out among the participants who were randomly assigned to the control group and the experimental group.  There were forty participants who met the criteria set by the researchers.  When the multimodal intervention program was tested using t-test to analyze the findings at .05 level, it yielded significant results. Based on the findings of the study, the developed multimodal intervention program appeared to be effective. A follow-up study may be conducted to further test the efficacy.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 730
Author(s):  
Solikhah Solikhah ◽  
Khairunnisaa Nuur Aliifah Setyawati ◽  
Monthida Sangruangake

Recently, cancer is a major health problem in the world. Lifestyle changes and growing urbanization likely led to increasing breast cancer incidence in such in Indonesia. Therefore, this study aimed to explore lifestyle breast cancer patients among Indonesian women. The investigation was a cross-sectional study distributed among 3,392 females drawn from 13 out of 27 provinces in Indonesia. Multiple binary logistic regressions were conducted to investigate breast cancer risk among Indonesian. A significance level of 0.05 was employed in all analysis. Of the 3,392 respondents included in the analysis, more than half (52.71%; n=1,788) was aged 40–49 years old. The most common marital status of the participants was married (98.20%; n=3,331), followed by no smoking (94.69%; n=3,212) and active exercise (62.12%; n=2,107). Education level was significantly associated with breast cancer (AdjOR_Junior high school=0.21; 95%CI=0.06 to 0.70; p<0.01 and AdjOR_senior high school=0.60; 95%CI=0.15 to 2.26; p<0.05). Education level was significantly related to breast cancer. Lifestyle such as smoking and physical activity was suspected to affect breast cancer indirectly.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 801
Author(s):  
Ratih Indraswari ◽  
Zahroh Shaluhiyah ◽  
Bagoes Widjanarko ◽  
Antono Suryoputro

Reproductive health is always becoming an issue for adolescence. Lack of knowledge, permissive attitude, easy access to pornography and low parental supervision reported as a determinant of risky sexual behavior in adolescence. This study aimed to investigate mother’s perspectives in discussing reproductive health issues with their children aged 9-11 years old. The respondents were 8.046 mothers who had children aged 9-11 years old in Semarang, taken with a purposive sampling technique. Most mother (84.4%) were in adulthood, graduated from Senior High School (50.8%), unemployment (44%), and 47.2% was in low-middle income family. As much as 26.8% of mothers agreed that it is not necessary to inform their children about reproductive health. Talking about reproductive health is taboo for 41.9% of mothers and 38.5% felt awkward. Most of them (71.7%) encountered difficulties in starting reproductive health discussions with their children and 76.1% used other terms to name the genitals to feel more polite.  A mother who perceived that delivering reproductive health information is unnecessary (OR 1.44), taboo (OR 1.82), awkward (OR 1.93), and giving courtship permission (OR 1.28) to their children significantly becoming risk factors in practicing reproductive health education. Health workers should help the mothers improve their communication skills, especially in discussing reproductive health with children aged 9-11 years old.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 764
Author(s):  
Padmi Dhyah Yulianti ◽  
Endang R. Surjaningrum

Adolescents' problems concerning mental health could a burden for individual, families, and environments. To prevent further worsening mental problems, mental health literacy is needed. Mental health literacy has been promoted in advanced countries. However, it is implemented optimally in developing countries. This research aimed to find out the mental health literacy strategies done by adolescents. This article is a systematic literature review study. To obtain the articles for analysis purposes, search engine assistance was used such as Cochrane Library, Medpub, and ERIC. From 82 collected articles, and inclusion and exclusion stages were carried out to select the articles for the literature study purpose. They were then extracted from individually to get the significant findings. From the results of 11 reviewed articles, a conclusion was found. There were different mental health literacy implementation strategies in each country. Various mental health strategy types for adolescents covered national, community, school-based, and self-empowerment scope strategies.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 856
Author(s):  
Sherly De Yong ◽  
Murni Rachmawati ◽  
Ima Defiana

The spread and pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) that is currently happening in the world, has led to new policy steps in the security of public spaces to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 and protect public health. There is new adaptation in the policies while using space like limiting the use of public spaces, increasing social distancing between people or creating territory. Territory means specific area where are claimed or maintained (can be physically, through ruler or symbols). Territory can give a sense of security to the users. Therefore, this paper give insight and rethinking the territory concept as sense of security in interior public space and built environment where people expect to see strangers in this space. The methods in this paper are literature review method by collecting and synthesizing previous research using integrative approach. For the result is territory concept achieved as part of protection to the users in the build environment with mechanisms that should be applied in each type: the boundary between areas; limitation to the symbolic; supervision and control of space.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 888
Author(s):  
Timothy Samec ◽  
Raed Seetan

Cancer ranks as a leading cause of death worldwide; an estimated 1.7 million new diagnoses were reported in 2021. Ovarian cancer, the most lethal of gynecological malignancies, has no effective screening with over 70% of patients being diagnosed in an advanced stage. The aim of this study was to determine the most statistically significant contributing factors through a multivariate regression into the severity of female gynecological cancers. Data from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results program (SEER) cancer database were utilized in this study. Several attempted multivariate linear regressions were implemented with further reduced models; however, a linear model could not be properly fit to the data. Because of unmet assumptions, a nonparametric moving, local regression, locally estimated scatterplot smoothing (LOESS), was performed. After smoothing factors were included to reduced-models, residual information was minimized although few conclusions can be drawn from the resulting statistics. These issues were prevalent mainly because of the massive variability in the data and inherent lack of linearity. This can be a significant issue with clinical data that does not dive deeper into cancer-dependent factors including genetic expression and cell surface receptor overexpression. General patient demographic data and diagnostic information alone does not provide enough detail to make a definite conclusion or prediction on patient survivability. Increased attention to the acquisition of tumor tissue for genomic and proteomic analysis in addition to next-generation sequencing methods can lead to significant improvements in prognostic predictions.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 816
Author(s):  
Arie Dwi Alristina ◽  
Dewinta Hayudanti ◽  
Rizky Dzariyani Laili ◽  
Rossa Kurnia Ethasari

Indonesia has the potential for large marine and fisheries resources, reaching 23.26 million tons per year. Green shellfish (<em>Perna viridis</em>) are a source of animal protein that can be classified as Complete Protein because of its high levels of essential amino acids. These green shellfish are cheaper than other seafood products. However, heavy metals can be absorbed by shellfish, which is cadmium (Cd) which if consumed can accumulate in the body, cause health problems and lead to death. Therefore, research is needed to reduce cadmium levels in green shellfish, including using a lime solution (<em>Citrus aurantifolia).</em> This study was to determine the effectiveness of the soaking time of lime in reducing the cadmium levels in green shellfish. The research was an experimental with a pretest-posttest group design. Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney test was used to analyze data by SPSS. The results showed a significant difference (p&lt;0.05) that means the longer the soaking time, the longer the time for the citrate ions to react with metal cadmium, more cadmium is bound to the lime solution. It showed that soaking green shellfish with lime solution for 120 minutes was the most effective to reduce 73.77% of cadmium levels in green shellfish.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 914
Author(s):  
Haerawati Idris ◽  
Nurafni Nurafni

Population aging has become an important issue mostly discussed in many countries in the world. The proportion of the older population is getting better in both developed and developing countries. Elderly tend to need more health care as they are more susceptible to chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting outpatient visit among elderly in Indonesia. This study employed a cross-sectional study design with a sample of ≥60-year-old individual with a total sample of 5,325 elderly. The data used to be analyzed were from the Indonesian Family Life Survey 2014 representing 83% of the population in Indonesia. The theory used was Andersen health service utilization model. In analyzing the data, bivariate analysis were used, with Chi-square and multivariate test using multiple logistic regression test prediction model. Elderly who utilize health service for outpatient was 18.6%. Variables that have significant relationships with outpatient utilization on elderly were female, high education, formal job, Java and Bali, urban, health insurance ownership, economic status, the perception of ill, smoking habit, history of chronic disease, fat, and obesity. Predictor for the most dominant outpatient utilization is influenced by chronic disesase after controlled by other variables. Chronic disesase greatly affect the elderly in utilizing health services for outpatient. To overcome this, the government is expected to provide policies on health facilities to better emphasize promotive and preventive efforts among the elderly.


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