Acute Exercise
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Author(s):  
Katherine Schaumberg ◽  
Danielle Peters ◽  
Rachel Ahrenholtz ◽  
Kevin M. Crombie ◽  
Ruisu Zhang ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Dr. K. Rama Subba Reddy ◽  
Dr. T V Bala Krishna Reddy

The purpose of this study is to explore various changes occur in different physical and physiological systems of the body with respect to the relevant chronic exercises. Acute and Chronic exercise programmes develops physiological adaptations in different systems of the body, due to the stress places on the systems. Acute exercise refers to short duration exercise, such as a cycle ergometer or a treadmill maximal exercise test. Chronic refers to extended or long term exercise, such a physical training programme of four to six months duration.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Blanca Marin Bosch ◽  
Aurélien Bringard ◽  
Maria G. Logrieco ◽  
Estelle Lauer ◽  
Nathalie Imobersteg ◽  
...  

AbstractRegular physical exercise enhances memory functions, synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus, and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels. Likewise, short periods of exercise, or acute exercise, benefit hippocampal plasticity in rodents, via increased endocannabinoids (especially anandamide, AEA) and BDNF release. Yet, it remains unknown whether acute exercise has similar effects on BDNF and AEA levels in humans, with parallel influences on memory performance. Here we combined blood biomarkers, behavioral, and fMRI measurements to assess the impact of a single session of physical exercise on associative memory and underlying neurophysiological mechanisms in healthy male volunteers. For each participant, memory was tested after three conditions: rest, moderate or high intensity exercise. A long-term memory retest took place 3 months later. At both test and retest, memory performance after moderate intensity exercise was increased compared to rest. Memory after moderate intensity exercise correlated with exercise-induced increases in both AEA and BNDF levels: while AEA was associated with hippocampal activity during memory recall, BDNF enhanced hippocampal memory representations and long-term performance. These findings demonstrate that acute moderate intensity exercise benefits consolidation of hippocampal memory representations, and that endocannabinoids and BNDF signaling may contribute to the synergic modulation of underlying neural plasticity mechanisms.


2021 ◽  
Vol 53 (8S) ◽  
pp. 238-238
Author(s):  
Yingyao Fu ◽  
Leizi Min ◽  
Hao Wu ◽  
Yao Zhang ◽  
Jiaqi Ying ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 53 (8S) ◽  
pp. 366-366
Author(s):  
Tiffany M. Zuniga ◽  
Forrest L. Baker ◽  
Kyle A. Smith ◽  
Michael P. Gustafson ◽  
Emmanuel Katsanis ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 53 (8S) ◽  
pp. 113-113
Author(s):  
Xiaojuan Gao ◽  
Xiangrui Kong ◽  
Yawen Jiang ◽  
Yue Zhou ◽  
Ruiyuan Wang ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 53 (8S) ◽  
pp. 107-107
Author(s):  
YanQiao Cai ◽  
YaWen Jiang ◽  
Yue Zhou ◽  
RuiYuan Wang ◽  
XueLin Zhang ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 53 (8S) ◽  
pp. 321-321
Author(s):  
Cassia L. Bornkamp ◽  
Lauren Kerner ◽  
Jessica Homitz ◽  
Evan L. Matthews ◽  
Drue T. Stapleton ◽  
...  

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