Behavioral Problem
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Problems associated with children are of great concern to the parents and to the nation. Especially, the behavioral problem of children originated from mother’s life-style is crucial to study. In this study, the behavioral problem of children aged from 11 to 16 years in the capital city Dhaka of Bangladesh in terms of mother's occupational and socio-demographic characteristics was reported. An observational cross-sectional study was carried in Dhaka City from January 2014 to December 2014. Sampling was done by purposive method for both sexes willing to participate. Occupations (c.f. service, business, teaching, housemaid, and labor) in respect of the duration of work and length of service and socio-demography (c.f. age, education, family member, and income of mother) were accounted to identify the problems. The model findings would play a vital role to solve the behavioral problem of children which contributes to establishing a sustainable society for advanced nations.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 29-40
Myung Suh Choi ◽  
Irene Chon ◽  
Katherine Lee ◽  
Kevin Kang ◽  
Juno Kim ◽  

Vulnerable populations, such as patients with mental illnesses, are known to be overly influenced during disasters and pandemics. However, little is known about how people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of the most common neurodevelopmental conditions in the world with a prevalence of 1%, are affected by health-related disasters, particularly the current Covid-19 pandemic. We investigated how individuals with ASD responded to Covid-19 in terms of comprehension and adherence to implemented measures; changes in their behavioral problems; and how the anxiety levels of their caregivers relate to these behavioral changes. Our sample consisted of 50 individuals with ASD (30 male and 20 female; ages ranged from 3 to 14). The majority of our participants had trouble grasping what Covid-19 is and the measurements it necessitates. They also encountered difficulties in implementing pandemic-related social distance and hygiene regulations. During this time, the majority of students stopped receiving special education. In terms of increased stereo-types, aggression, hypersensitivity, behavioral problems, and sleep and appetite changes, we observed a Covid-19-related clinical presentation that resembled PTSD in individuals with ASD. Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) subscales differed significantly before and after the pandemic conditions. There were differences among the caregivers’ anxiety levels between the current behavioral problem levels to the behavioral problem levels prior to the pandemic. The difference in ABC total score, and specifically the lethargy/social withdrawal subscale score, predicted the anxiety score of the parents. Our findings suggest that the Covid-19 period poses unique challenges for people with ASD and their caregivers, emphasizing the importance of targeted, distance special education interventions and other support services for this population.

Arthur Wells ◽  
Kyle McGann ◽  
John Parmigiani

Abstract The backbone of most supply chains is the trucking business. This highly competitive industry requires that loads be delivered on-time and in an economic manner. A major logistics company has found that accidents causing driver injury are inhibiting their ability to meet both requirements. Non-fatal injuries for truck drivers are 7 times the national average, and 30% of these are from falls, slips, and trips. Specifically, an ongoing problem is drivers slipping and falling when entering and exiting tractor cabs. Better entry-and-exit hardware and procedures need to be developed and implemented. To contribute to solving this problem, Oregon State University (OSU) was contacted by a major truck manufacturer to develop supplemental hardware and procedures. The project was pursued through OSU’s Prototype Development Lab (PDL). The work performed consisted of (i) a background investigation to determine accident root causes, (ii) development of alternative design solutions, (iii) selection of a preferred design solution through consultation with all stakeholders, (iv) development of the preferred solution consisting of a hardware prototype and associated procedures, and (v) evaluation and revision of the solution based on user feedback. The background investigation was performed as follows. To determine the causes, the company’s safety procedures and incident reports were reviewed. From this information, a driver survey was developed. This provided a data set from which an industrial engineering analysis was performed. The root causes of the accidents were clearly identified. These are: slipping on steps, not following the “three points of contact” rule, and the handles not proving appropriate grip. Slipping and not having enough grip is a design problem with the driver hardware aids for transiting to and from the cab. Not following procedure is a behavioral problem. There is a well-engineered procedure in place for transiting between the cab and the ground. However, drivers often circumvent this solution leading to accidents. Alternative design solutions were created to address both the shortcomings of the current hardware and the current circumventable procedures. This consisted of four mechanical-device concepts that could be retrofitted to existing cabs that improved grip and prevented the drivers from exiting the cab in a manner contrary to the established procedures. The design selection was performed based on feedback from project stakeholders. Ultimately, the effectiveness of the solutions was determined by driver response, so a second survey was made to gauge driver feedback. This was used to present the options to the trucking manufacturer and logistics company. A single design solution was chosen. The solution was an additional mechanical handle retrofitted to the cab. This handle swings out from the driver’s foot-well and impedes entering and exiting the cab in an improper manner. It also provides a more accessible, more rigid point of contact. To evaluate this solution, a prototype polyethylene handle was made to determine proper placement and function in a truck cab. From this, the handle was revised, and a functional prototype was created. This allowed testing and an ergonomic study to be performed. A final design was then created. This was forwarded to the truck manufacturer for final development and mass production.

2020 ◽  
Lijuan Liang ◽  
Wei Zhu ◽  
Juan Yang ◽  
Fei Wang

Abstract Background: High prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems among Chinese adolescence has been reported. This study seeks to investigate the mediating effect of alexithymia and dependency on anxiety and emotional-behavioral problems among adolescents.The study focused a serial mediation model of alexithymia and dependency adolescents from Haikou, China.Methods: The study population included 519 adolescents. The assessments included the completion of standardized scales such as the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ), the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Independent-sample t-tests, bivariate correlation, and serial mediation analyses were performed using SPSS23.0.Results: Bivariate analyses revealed that anxiety, emotional-behavioral problem, alexithymia, and dependency were positively correlated. Alexithymia and dependency play a significant role in mediating the effect of multidimensional anxiety on emotional-behavioral problems. The effects of the three mediating paths were 69.86%,17.81% and 12.33% for paths 1, 2 and 3 respectively.Conclusions: Anxiety and emotional-behavioral problems mediate the relationship between alexithymia and dependency.

2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-4
Rabiatul Udawiyah ◽  
Lely Setyawati ◽  
Cokorda Bagus Jaya Lesmana

Background: Emotional and behavioral problem are persistent and recurring problem that observed in teenagers specifically students. Anxiety is the most common mental health problem found in Islamic boarding school students. This research aims to find out the relationship of anxiety with emotional and behavioral problem in Madrasah Tsanawiyah, Hidayatullah Islamic Boarding School Students, Denpasar. Patients and Methods: The study was an analytical cross-sectional study with 89 students met inclusion and exclusion criteria. This research used the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to measure emotional and behavioral problems and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) to measure the student’s anxiety level. The correlation was analyzed by using Spearman’s correlation test. Results: Forty-five (50.8%) students experience abnormal emotional and behavioral problems with 30 (30%) the students mostly had moderate level anxiety. The correlation between the anxiety with emotional and behavioral problems had an R value of 0.366 (p<0.001). Conclusion: There was a moderate positive relationship between anxiety with emotional and behavioral problems in Madrasah Tsanawiyah Islamic boarding school Hidayatullah students.

2020 ◽  
pp. 152483991990076
Lourdes M. Rojas ◽  
Lucas G. Ochoa ◽  
Marcelo Sánchez Ahumada ◽  
Ana Quevedo ◽  
Viviana Muñoz ◽  

In Latin America, there is an increasing interest in the implementation and dissemination of evidence-based, family-centered interventions to prevent youth behavioral problems. While families’ participation in interventions is integral to achieving the interventions’ desired impact, little is known about what predicts Latin American families’ attendance. The current study provides a unique opportunity to explore the participation of families living in the United States, Ecuador, and Chile in an evidence-based intervention, Familias Unidas. We tested for differences in attendance rates, family functioning variables, and adolescent behavioral problem variables, then applied a hierarchical multiple regression to (a) identify which variables significantly predicted program attendance and (b) assess whether the country in which the intervention was implemented in moderated the relationship between predictors and program attendance. On average, Chilean and Ecuadorian parents were more engaged and attended more sessions than parents living in the United States. Across samples, there was significant differences in family functioning and adolescent behavioral problem variables. However, effective parent–adolescent communication was the only significant predictor of lower program attendance. A significant interaction effect revealed that even though Chilean parents had high parent–adolescent communication, they were more likely to attend sessions, compared to parents living in the United States. We highlight the promise of engaging and retaining families, across U.S. and Latin American samples, into a culturally syntonic, family-based intervention, and discuss potential explanations for success in Chile and Ecuador. Researchers interested in implementing interventions in Latin America could utilize these findings to better target participants and intervention efforts.

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